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Topic: Transformation of agriculture, mining, and ranching 

United States History

 Standard 16.  Understands how the rise of corporations, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed American society
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands social development and labor patterns in the late 19th century West (e.g., major technological and geographic influences that affected farming, mining, and ranching; conflicts among farmers, ranchers, and miners during settlement; life on the Great Plains and the idea of "frontier")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands social development in the late 19th century West
     2.Understands labor patterns in the late 19th century West
     3.Understands major technological influences that affected farming in the late 19th century West
     4.Understands major geographic influences that affected farming in the late 19th century West
     5.Understands major technological influences that affected mining in the late 19th century West
     6.Understands major geographic influences that affected mining in the late 19th century West
     7.Understands major technological influences that affected ranching in the late 19th century West
     8.Understands major geographical influences that affected ranching in the late 19th century West
     9.Understands conflicts among farmers, ranchers, and miners during settlement in the late 19th century West
     10.Knows about life on the Great Plains during the late 19th century
     11.Understands the idea of "frontier"
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands influences on the development of the American West (e.g., cross-cultural encounters and conflicts among different racial and ethnic groups; the daily life of women on the western frontier; disputes between farmers, ranchers, and miners over water rights and open ranges)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands cross-cultural encounters among different racial groups in the American West
     2.Understands cross-cultural encounters among different ethnic groups in the American West
     3.Understands cross-cultural conflicts among different racial groups in the American West
     4.Understands cross-cultural conflicts among different ethnic groups in the American West
     5.Understands the daily life of women on the western frontier
     6.Understands the disputes between farmers, ranchers, and miners over water rights in the American West
     7.Understands the disputes between farmers, ranchers, and miners over open ranges in the American West
   Benchmark 4.Understands differences in commercial farming in various regions of the United States (e.g., crop production, farm labor, financing, and transportation in the Northeast, South, Great Plains, West; the significance of farm organizations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows about crop production in the Northeast
     2.Knows about farm labor in the Northeast
     3.Knows about financing commercial farming in the Northeast
     4.Knows about transportation for farms in the Northeast
     5.Knows about crop production in the South
     6.Knows about farm labor in the South
     7.Knows about financing commercial farming in the South
     8.Knows about transportation for farms in the South
     9.Knows about crop production in the Great Plains
     10.Knows about farm labor in the Great Plains
     11.Knows about financing commercial farming in the Great Plains
     12.Knows about transportation for farms in the Great Plains
     13.Knows about crop production in the West
     14.Knows about farm labor in the West
     15.Knows about financing commercial farming in the West
     16.Knows about transportation for farms in the West
     17.Knows about the significance of farm organizations in various regions of the United States
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands influences on economic conditions in various regions of the country (e.g., effects of the federal government's land, water and Indian policy; the extension of railroad lines, increased agricultural productivity and improved transportation facilities on commodity prices; grievances and solutions of farm organizations; the crop lien system in the South, transportation and storage costs for farmers, and the price of staples)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effects of the federal government’s land policy on economic conditions in various regions of the country
     2.Understands the effects of the federal government’s water policy on economic conditions in various regions of the country
     3.Understands the effects of the federal government’s Indian policy on economic conditions in various regions of the country
     4.Understands the effects of the extension of railroad lines on commodity prices
     5.Understands the effects of increased agricultural productivity on commodity prices
     6.Understands the effects of improved transportation facilities on commodity prices
     7.Understands the grievances of farm organizations in various regions of the country
     8.Understands the solutions of farm organizations in various regions of the country
     9.Understands the crop lien system in the South
     10.Knows about transportation costs for farmers in various regions of the country
     11.Knows about storage costs for farmers in various regions of the country
     12.Knows about the price of staples in various regions of the country
   Benchmark 6.Understands the role of class, race, gender, and religion in western communities in the late 19th century (e.g., hardships faced by settlers, how gender and racial roles were defined, the role of religion in stabilizing communities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of class in western communities in the late 19th century
     2.Understands the role of race in western communities in the late 19th century
     3.Understands the role of gender in western communities in the late 19th century
     4.Understands the role of religion in western communities in the late 19th century
     5.understands the hardships faced by settlers in western communities in the late 19th century
     6.Understands how gender roles were defined in western communities in the late 19th century
     7.Understands how racial roles were defined in western communities in the late 19th century
     8.Understands the role of religion in stabilizing western communities in the late 19th century