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Topic: Government taxation 

Civics

 Standard 16.  Understands the major responsibilities of the national government for domestic and foreign policy, and understands how government is financed through taxation
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands why taxation is necessary to pay for government, and knows which provisions of the United States Constitution give the national government the right to collect taxes (i.e., Article One, Sections 7 and 8; Sixteenth Amendment)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why taxation is necessary to pay for government
     2.Knows which provisions of the United States Constitution give the national government the right to collect taxes
     3.Knows that Article One, Sections 7 and 8 of the U.S. Constitution gives the national government the right to collect taxes
     4.Knows that the Sixteenth Amendment gives the national government the right to collect taxes
   Benchmark 4.Knows major sources of revenue for the national government (e.g., individual income taxes, social insurance receipts such as Social Security and Medicare, borrowing, taxes on corporations and businesses, estate and excise taxes, tariffs on foreign goods)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that individual income taxes are a major source of revenue for the national government
     2.Knows that social insurance receipts, such as Social Security and Medicare, are a major source of revenue for the national government
     3.Knows that borrowed money is major source of revenue for the national government
     4.Knows that taxes on corporations and businesses are major sources of revenue for the national government
     5.Knows that estate and excise taxes are major sources of revenue for the national government
     6.Knows that tariffs on foreign goods are a major source of revenue for the national government
   Benchmark 5.Knows major uses of tax revenues received by the national government (e.g. direct payments to individuals such as Social Security, Medicaid, Medicare, and Aid to Families with Dependent Children; national defense; interest on the federal debt; interstate highways)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the national government uses tax revenue to make direct payments to individuals such as Social Security, Medicaid, Medicare, and Aid to Families with Dependent Children
     2.Knows that the national government uses tax revenue for national defense
     3.Knows that the national government uses tax revenue to pay interest on the federal debt
     4.Knows that the national government uses tax revenue to build interstate highway systems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the tensions that results from citizens' desire for government services and benefits and their unwillingness to pay taxes for them
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the tensions that results from citizens’ desire for government services and their unwillingness to pay taxes for them
     2.Understands the tensions that results from citizens’ desire for government benefits and their unwillingness to pay taxes for them
   Benchmark 4.Knows the history of taxation in the United States
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows important events in the United States’ history of taxation
   Benchmark 5.Understands the equity of various kinds of taxes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of tax equity
 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Knows major sources of revenue for state and local governments (e.g., property, sales, and income taxes; fees and licenses; taxes on corporations and businesses; borrowing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major sources of revenue for state governments
     2.Knows major sources of revenue for local governments
     3.Knows that property, sales, and income taxes are sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     4.Knows that fees and licenses are a sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     5.Knows that taxes on corporations and businesses are sources of revenue for the state and local governments
     6.Knows that borrowing is a source of revenue for the state and local governments