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Topic: Forms of political participation 

Civics

 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Knows how people can participate in their state and local government (e.g., being informed, taking part in discussing issues, voting, volunteering their time), and understands why it is important that people participate in their state and local government (e.g., improve the quality of life in their community, gain personal satisfaction, prevent officials from abusing power)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how people can participate in their state government
     2.Knows how people can participate in their local government
     3.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by being informed
     4.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by taking part in discussing issues
     5.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by voting
     6.Knows that people can participate in their state and local governments by volunteering their time
     7.Understands why it is important that people participate in their state government
     8.Understands why it is important that people participate in their local government
     9.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, the quality of life in the community can be improved
     10.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, one can gain personal satisfaction
     11.Understands that by participating in the state and local governments, officials can be prevented from abusing power
 Standard 28.  Understands how participation in civic and political life can help citizens attain individual and public goals
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Understands why it is important for citizens to monitor their local, state, and national governments; and knows ways people can monitor the decisions and actions of their government such as reading about public issues, watching television news programs, discussing public issues, and communicating with public officials
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why it is important for citizens to monitor their local governments
     2.Understands why it is important for citizens to monitor their state governments
     3.Understands why it is important for citizens to monitor their national government
     4.Knows various ways citizens can monitor the decisions and actions of their government
     5.Knows that reading about public issues is a way that citizens can monitor the decisions and actions of their government
     6.Knows that watching television news programs is a way that citizens can monitor the decisions and actions of their government
     7.Knows that discussing public issues is a way that citizens can monitor the decisions and actions of their government
     8.Knows that communicating with public officials is a way that citizens can monitor the decisions and actions of their government
   Benchmark 2.Knows ways people can influence the decisions and actions of their government such as voting; taking an active role in interest groups, political parties, and other organizations that attempt to influence public policy and elections; attending meetings of governing agencies (e.g., city council, school board); working in campaigns, circulating and signing petitions; taking part in peaceful demonstrations; and contributing money to political parties, candidates, or causes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government
     2.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by voting
     3.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by taking an active role in interest groups
     4.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by taking an active role in political parties
     5.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by taking an active role in organizations that attempt to influence public policy and elections
     6.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by attending meetings of government agencies
     7.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by working on campaigns
     8.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by circulating and signing petitions
     9.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by taking part in peaceful demonstrations
     10.Knows that people can influence the decisions and actions of their government by making financial contributions to political parties, candidates, or causes
   Benchmark 3.Knows individuals or groups who monitor and influence the decisions and actions of their local, state, tribal, and national governments (e.g., the media, labor unions, P.T.A., Chamber of Commerce, taxpayer associations, civilian review boards)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows individuals and groups who monitor and influence the decision and actions of their local government
     2.Knows individuals and groups who monitor and influence the decisions and actions of their state government
     3.Knows individuals and groups who monitor and influence the decisions and actions of their tribal government
     4.Knows individuals and groups who monitor and influence the decisions and actions of their national government
     5.Knows that the media can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of the government
     6.Knows that labor unions can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of local the government
     7.Knows that the P.T.A. can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of the government
     8.Knows that the Chamber of Commerce can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of the government
     9.Knows that taxpayer associations can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of the government
     10.Knows that civilian review boards can monitor and influence the decisions and actions of the government
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the importance of both political and social participation and what distinguishes one from the other (e.g., participating in a campaign to change laws regulating the care of children as opposed to volunteering to care for children), and knows opportunities for both political and social participation in the local community
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of political participation
     2.Understands the importance of social participation
     3.Understands the differences between political and social participation
     4.Knows opportunities for political participation in the local community
     5.Knows opportunities for social participation in the local community
   Benchmark 3.Understands how Americans can use the following means to monitor and influence politics and government at local, state, and national levels: joining political parties, interest groups, and other organizations that attempt to influence public policy and elections; voting; taking part in peaceful demonstrations; circulating and signing petitions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways that Americans can monitor and influence politics and local, state, and national governments
     2.Understands how Americans can use membership in political parties to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
     3.Understands how Americans can use membership in interest groups to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
     4.Understands how Americans can use membership in organizations that attempt to influence public policy and elections to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
     5.Understands how Americans can use voting to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
     6.Understands how Americans can use peaceful demonstrations to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
     7.Understands how Americans can use petitions to monitor and influence politics and government at the local, state, and national levels
   Benchmark 4.Knows historical and contemporary examples of citizen movements seeking to promote individual rights and the common good (e.g., abolition, suffrage, labor and civil rights movements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical examples of citizen movements seeking to promote individual rights and the common good
     2.Knows contemporary examples of citizen movements seeking to promote individual rights and common good
     3.Knows that the abolition movement is an example of a citizen movement
     4.Knows that the suffrage movement is an example of a citizen movement
     5.Knows that the labor rights movement is an example of a citizen movement
     6.Knows that the civil rights movement is an example of a citizen movement
   Benchmark 5.Understands what civil disobedience is, how it differs from other forms of protest, what its consequences might be, and circumstances under which it might be justified
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what civil disobedience is
     2.Understands how civil disobedience differs from other forms of protest
     3.Understands the possible consequences of civil disobedience
     4.Understands the circumstances under which civil disobedience might be justified
   Benchmark 6.Understands why becoming knowledgeable about public affairs and the values and principles of American constitutional democracy and communicating that knowledge to others is a form a political participation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why becoming knowledgeable about public affairs is a form of political participation
     2.Understands why becoming knowledgeable about the values and principles of American constitutional democracy is a form of political participation
     3.Understands why communicating knowledge about public affairs is a form of political participation
     4.Understands why communicating knowledge about the values and principles of American constitutional democracy is a form of political participation
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows the many ways citizens can participate in the political process at local, state, and national levels, and understands the usefulness of other forms of political participation in influencing public policy (e.g., attending political and governmental meetings, demonstrating, contacting public officials, writing letters, boycotting, community organizing, petitioning, picketing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways citizens can participate in the political process at the local level
     2.Knows ways citizens can participate in the political process at the state level
     3.Knows ways citizens can participate in the political process at the national level
     4.Understands the usefulness of attending political and governmental meetings in influencing public policy
     5.Understands the usefulness of demonstrations in influencing public policy
     6.Understands the usefulness of contacting public officials in influencing public policy
     7.Understands the usefulness of letter writing in influencing public policy
     8.Understands the usefulness of boycotting in influencing public policy
     9.Understands the usefulness of community organization in influencing public policy
     10.Understands the usefulness of petitions in influencing public policy
     11.Understands the usefulness of picketing in influencing public policy
   Benchmark 4.Knows historical and contemporary examples of citizen movements seeking to expand liberty, to insure the equal rights of all citizens, and/or to realize other values fundamental to American constitutional democracy (e.g., the suffrage and civil rights movements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows historical examples of citizen movements seeking to expand liberty, to insure the equal rights of all citizens, and/or to realize other values fundamental to American constitutional democracy
     2.Knows contemporary examples of citizen movements seeking to expand liberty, to insure the equal rights of all citizens, and/or to realize other values fundamental to American constitutional democracy
   Benchmark 5.Understands the importance of voting as a form of political participation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of voting
     2.Knows that voting is a form of political participation