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Topic: Formation and implementation of public policy 

Civics

 Standard 21.  Understands the formation and implementation of public policy
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands what public policy is and knows examples at local, state, and national levels
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what public policy is
     2.Knows examples of local level public policy
     3.Knows examples of state level public policy
     4.Knows examples of national level public policy
   Benchmark 2.Knows how public policies are formed and implemented, and understands how citizens can monitor and influence policies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how public policies are formed
     2.Knows how public policies are implemented
     3.Understands how citizens can monitor policies
     4.Understands how citizens can influence policies
   Benchmark 3.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on certain issues of public policy (e.g., affirmative action, gun control, environmental protection, capital punishment, equal rights)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of affirmative action
     2.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of gun control
     3.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of environmental protection
     4.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of capital punishment
     5.Understands why conflicts about values, principles, and interests may make agreement difficult or impossible on the issue of equal rights
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows a public policy issue at the local, state, or national level well enough to identify the major groups interested in that issue and explain their respective positions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a public policy issue at the local level well enough to identify the major groups interested in that issue
     2.Knows a public policy issue at the local level well enough to explain the positions of the groups interested in the issue
     3.Knows a public policy issue at the state level well enough to identify the major groups interested in that issue
     4.Knows a public policy issue at the state level well enough to explain the positions of the groups interested in the issue
     5.Knows a public policy issue at the national level well enough to identify the major groups interested in that issue
     6.Knows a public policy issue at the national level well enough to explain the positions of the groups interested in the issue
   Benchmark 2.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a local, state, or national issue is formed and carried out
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a local issue is formed
     2.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a local issue is carried out
     3.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a state issue is formed
     4.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a state issue is carried out
     5.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a national issue is formed
     6.Understands the processes by which public policy concerning a national issue is carried out
   Benchmark 3.Knows the points at which citizens can monitor or influence the process of public policy formation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the points at which citizens can monitor the process of public policy formation
     2.Knows the points at which citizens can influence the process of public policy formation
   Benchmark 4.Understands why agreement may be difficult or impossible on issues such as abortion because of conflicts about values, principles, and interests
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why agreement may be difficult or impossible on issues such as abortion
     2.Understands how values, principle, and interests affect public policy conflicts