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Topic: Distribution, sharing, and limitation of powers of the national government 

Civics

 Standard 15.  Understands how the United States Constitution grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state government and how it seeks to prevent the abuse of power
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the first three words of the Preamble to the Constitution, "We the People...," embodies the principle of the people as the ultimate source of sovereignty
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the principle that the people are the ultimate source of sovereignty
     2.Understands how the Preamble to the U.S. Constitution embodies the principles of American democracy
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share power and responsibilities (e.g., each branch has varying degrees of legislative, executive, and judicial powers and responsibilities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share power
     2.Understands how the legislative, executive, and judicial branches share responsibilities
     3.Understands that each branch of the government has varying degrees powers and responsibilities
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the legislative branch can check the powers of the executive and judicial branches by establishing committees to oversee the executive branch's activities; impeaching the president, other members of the executive branch, and federal judges; overriding presidential vetoes; disapproving presidential appointments; and proposing amendments to the Constitution
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the legislative branch can check the power of the executive branch
     2.Understands how the legislative branch can check the power of the judicial branch
     3.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the executive branch by establishing committees to oversee the executive branch’s activities
     4.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the executive branch by impeaching the president
     5.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the executive branch by impeaching members of the executive branch
     6.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the judicial branch by impeaching federal judges
     7.Knows that the legislative branch can check the powers of the executive branch by overriding presidential vetoes
     8.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the executive branch by disapproving presidential appointments
     9.Knows that the legislative branch can check the power of the executive and judicial branches by proposing amendments to the Constitution
   Benchmark 4.Understands how the executive branch can check the powers of the legislative and judicial branches by vetoing laws passed by Congress and nominating members of the federal judiciary
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the executive branch can check the power of the legislative branch
     2.Understands how the executive branch can check the power of the judicial branch
     3.Knows the executive branch can check the power of the legislative branch by vetoing laws passed by Congress
     4.Knows the executive branch can check the power of the judicial branch by nominating members of the federal judiciary
   Benchmark 5.Understands how the judicial branch can check the powers of the executive and legislative branches by overruling decisions made by lower courts and ruling on the constitutionality of laws made by Congress and the actions of the executive branch
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the judicial branch can check the power of the executive branch
     2.Understands how the judicial branch can check the power of the legislative branch
     3.Knows that the judicial branch can check the powers of the executive and legislative branches by overruling decisions made by lower courts
     4.Knows that the judicial branch can check the power of the legislative branch by ruling on the constitutionality of laws made by Congress
     5.Knows that the judicial branch can check the power of the executive branch by ruling on the constitutionality of the branch’s actions
   Benchmark 6.Knows the major parts of the federal system including the national government, state governments, and other governmental units (e.g., District of Columbia, American tribal governments, Virgin Islands)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major parts of the federal system
     2.Knows that the national government is one part of the federal system
     3.Knows that the state governments are one part of the federal system
     4.Knows that other governmental units are part of the federal system
     5.Knows that the District of Columbia is part of the federal system
     6.Knows that American tribal governments are part of the federal system
     7.Knows that the Virgin Islands are part of the federal system
   Benchmark 7.Knows which powers are primarily exercised by the state governments (e.g., education, law enforcement, roads), which powers are prohibited to state governments (e.g., coining money, conducting foreign relations, interfering with interstate commerce), and which powers are shared by state and national governments (e.g., power to tax, borrow money, regulate voting)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows which powers are primarily exercised by the state governments
     2.Knows which powers are prohibited to state governments
     3.Knows which powers are shared by state and national government
     4.Knows that education is primarily run by state governments
     5.Knows that law enforcement is primarily run by state governments
     6.Knows that road construction and maintenance is primarily powered by state governments
     7.Knows that state governments are not allowed to coin money
     8.Knows that state governments are not allowed to conduct foreign relations
     9.Knows that state governments are not allowed to interfere with interstate commerce
     10.Knows that both the state and national governments have the power to tax
     11.Knows that both the state and national governments have the power to borrow money
     12.Knows that both the state and national governments have the power to regulate voting
   Benchmark 8.Understands how the distribution and sharing of power between the national and state governments increases opportunities for citizens to participate and hold their governments accountable
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the distribution of power between the national and state governments increases opportunities for citizens to participate
     2.Understands how the sharing of power between the national and state governments increases opportunities for citizens to participate
     3.Understands how the distribution of power between the national and state governments increases opportunities for citizens to hold their governments accountable
     4.Understands how the sharing of power between the national and state governments increases opportunities for citizens to hold their governments accountable