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Topic: Distribution of power under the United States Constitution 

Civics

 Standard 15.  Understands how the United States Constitution grants and distributes power and responsibilities to national and state government and how it seeks to prevent the abuse of power
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by aggregating power at the national, state, and local levels to allow government to be responsive; dispersing power among different levels of government to protect individual rights, promote the common good, and encourage citizen participation; and using a system of checks and balances (e.g., separated institutions with shared powers, provisions for veto and impeachment, federalism, judicial review, the Bill of Rights)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the overall design of the Constitution prevents the abuse of power
     2.Understands how the specific features of the Constitution prevents the abuse of power
     3.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by aggregating power at the national, state, and local levels to allow government to be responsive
     4.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by dispersing power among different levels of government to protect individual rights
     5.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by dispersing power among different levels of government to promote the common good
     6.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by dispersing power among different levels of government to encourage citizen participation
     7.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances
     8.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances, such as separating institutions with shared powers
     9.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances, such as making provisions for veto and impeachment
     10.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances, such as a setting up a system of federalism
     11.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances, such as setting up judicial review
     12.Understands how the overall design and specific features of the Constitution prevent the abuse of power by using a system of checks and balances, such as providing the Bill of Rights
 Standard 17.  Understands issues concerning the relationship between state and local governments and the national government and issues pertaining to representation at all three levels of government
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands why the United States Constitution cannot be violated by state constitutions and state governments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why the United States Constitution cannot be violated by state constitutions
     2.Understands why the United States Constitution cannot be violated by state governments
 Standard 22.  Understands how the world is organized politically into nation-states, how nation-states interact with one another, and issues surrounding U.S. foreign policy
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the most important powers the United States Constitution gives to the Congress, president, and federal judiciary in foreign affairs (e.g., Congress can declare war, raise and support armies, provide a navy [Article I, Section 8] and the Senate can approve treaties; the president is Commander in Chief and can make treaties and appoint ambassadors [Article II]; the federal judiciary can decide cases affecting treaties and ambassadors, and those involving treason [Article III])
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the most important powers that the United States Constitution grants to Congress in foreign affairs
     2.Knows the most important powers the United States Constitution gives to the president in foreign affairs
     3.Knows the most important powers the United States Constitution gives to the federal judiciary in foreign affairs
     4.Knows that the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to declare war [Article I, Section 8]
     5.Knows that the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to raise and support armies [Article I, Section 8]
     6.Knows that the United States Constitution gives Congress the power to provide a navy [Article I, Section 8]
     7.Knows that the United States Constitution gives the Senate the power to approve treaties
     8.Knows that the United States Congress makes the president the Commander in Chief [Article II]
     9.Knows that the United States Constitution gives the president the power to make treaties and appoint ambassadors [Article II]
     10.Knows that the United States Constitution gives the federal judiciary the power to decide cases affecting treaties and ambassadors [Article II]
     11.Knows that the United States Constitution gives the federal judiciary the power to decide cases involving treason [Article III]