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Topic: Distinctive characteristics of American society 

Civics

 Standard 8.  Understands the central ideas of American constitutional government and how this form of government has shaped the character of American society
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the focus on "the individual" in American society (e.g., a primary purpose of government is to protect the rights of the individual to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness; individuals have the right to differ about politics, religion, or any other matter; the vote of one individual should count as much as another's)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a primary purpose of government is to protect the rights of the individual to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness
     2.Understands that individuals have the right to differ about politics, religion, or any other matter
     3.Understands that the vote of one individual should count as much as another’s
   Benchmark 5.Understands the focus on the school, community, state, and nation in American society (e.g., people should try to improve the quality of life in their schools, communities, states, and nation; people should help others who are less fortunate than they and assist them in times of need, emergency, or natural disaster)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the focus on the school in American society
     2.Understands the focus on the community in American society
     3.Understands the focus on the state in American society
     4.Understands the focus on the nation in American society
     5.Understands that in American society, people should try to improve the quality of life
     6.Understands that in American society, people should help others who are less fortunate than they
     7.Understands that in American society, people should assist others in times of need, emergency, or natural disaster
   Benchmark 6.Understands the importance of equality of opportunity and equal protection of the law as a characteristic of American society (e.g., all people have a right to equal opportunity in education, employment, housing, and to equal access to public facilities; all people have a right to participate in political life by expressing their opinions and trying to persuade others; everyone has the right to be treated equally in the eyes of the law)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of equality of opportunity as a characteristic of American society
     2.Understands the importance of equal protection under law as a characteristic of American society
     3.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in education
     4.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in employment
     5.Understands that all people have a right to equal opportunity in housing
     6.Understands that all people have a right to equal access of public facilities
     7.Understands that all people have a right to participate in political life by expressing their opinions and trying to persuade others
     8.Understands that everyone has the right to be treated equally in the eyes of the law
   Benchmark 7.Understands the importance of respect for the law as a characteristic of American society (e.g., everyone, including government officials, must obey the law; people have the right to work together to see that laws they consider unfair or unwise are changed by peaceful means)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that everyone, including government officials, must obey the law
     2.Understands that people have the right to work together to see that laws they consider unfair or unwise are changed by peaceful means
   Benchmark 8.Understands the importance of education as a characteristic of American society (e.g., education is essential for informed and effective citizenship; education is important for earning a living; everyone has a right to public education; people with special needs should be provided with appropriate educational opportunities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that education is essential for informed and effective citizenship
     2.Understands that education is important for earning a living
     3.Understands that everyone has the right to public education
     4.Understands that people with special needs should be provided with appropriate educational opportunities
   Benchmark 9.Understands the importance of work as a characteristic of American society (e.g., work is important to a person's independence and self-esteem; work is important to the well-being of the family, community, state, and nation; all honest work is worthy of respect)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that work is important to a person’s independence and self-esteem
     2.Understands that work is important to the well-being of the family, community, state, and nation
     3.Understands that work is worthy of respect
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Understands important factors that have helped shape American society (e.g., absence of a nobility or an inherited caste system; religious freedom; abundance of land and widespread ownership of property; large scale immigration; diversity of the population; market economy; relative social equality; universal public education)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the absence of a nobility has helped shape American society
     2.Knows that the absence of an inherited caste system has helped shape American society
     3.Knows that religious freedom has helped shape American society
     4.Knows that the abundance of land and widespread ownership of property has helped shape American society
     5.Knows that large scale immigration has helped shape American society
     6.Knows that diversity of the population has helped shape American society
     7.Knows that the market economy has helped shape American society
     8.Knows that relative social equality has helped shape American society
     9.Knows that universal public education has helped shape American society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 10.Knows how the distinctive characteristics of American society are similar to and different from the characteristics of other societies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the distinctive characteristics of American society are similar to other societies
     2.Knows how the distinctive characteristics of American society are different from other societies