Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Development and implementation of U.S. foreign policy 

Civics

 Standard 22.  Understands how the world is organized politically into nation-states, how nation-states interact with one another, and issues surrounding U.S. foreign policy
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Knows various means used to attain the ends of United States foreign policy (e.g., diplomacy; economic, military, and humanitarian aid; treaties; trade agreements; incentives; sanctions; military intervention; covert action)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that diplomacy is a means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     2.Knows that economic, military, and humanitarian aid are means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     3.Knows that treaties are means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     4.Knows that trade agreements are means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     5.Knows that incentives are means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     6.Knows that sanctions are means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     7.Knows that military intervention is a means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
     8.Knows that covert action is a means used to attain ends of U.S. foreign policy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Knows how the powers over foreign affairs that the Constitution gives to the president, Congress, and the federal judiciary have been used over time; and understands the tension between constitutional provisions and the requirements of foreign policy (e.g., the power of Congress to declare war and the need of the president to make expeditious decisions in times of international emergency, the power of the president to make treaties and the need for the Senate to approve them)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the powers over foreign affairs that the Constitution gives to the president have been used over time
     2.Knows how the powers over foreign affairs that the Constitution gives to Congress have been used over time
     3.Knows how the powers over foreign affairs that the Constitution gives to the federal judiciary have been used over time
     4.Understands the tension between constitutional provisions and the requirements of foreign policy
     5.Understands the tension between the power of Congress to declare war and the need of the president to make expedious decisions in times of international emergency
     6.Understands the tension between the power of the president to make treaties and the need for the Senate to approve them
   Benchmark 5.Understands the process by which United States foreign policy is made, including the roles of federal agencies, domestic interest groups, the media, and the public; and knows the ways in which Americans can influence foreign policy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the process by which U.S. foreign policy is made
     2.Understands the role of federal agencies in U.S. foreign policy
     3.Understands the role of domestic interest groups in U.S. foreign policy
     4.Understands the role of the media in U.S. foreign policy
     5.Understands the role of the public in U.S. foreign policy
     6.Knows ways in which Americans can influence foreign policy
   Benchmark 6.Understands how and why domestic politics may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world (e.g., long-standing commitments to certain nations, lobbying efforts of domestic groups, economic needs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how domestic policies may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world
     2.Understands why domestic policies may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world
     3.Understands how and why long-standing commitments to certain nations may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world
     4.Understands how and why lobbying efforts of domestic groups may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world
     5.Understands how and why economic needs may impose constraints or obligations on the ways in which the United States acts in the world
   Benchmark 7.Understands the idea of the national interest and how it is used as a criterion for shaping American foreign policy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the idea of the national interest
     2.Understands how the national interest is used as a criterion for shaping American foreign interest