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Topic: Civic life, politics, and government 

Civics

 Standard 1.  Understands ideas about civic life, politics, and government
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Distinguishes between private life and civic life (e.g., private life concerns the personal life of the individual such as being with family and friends or practicing one's religious beliefs, civic life concerns taking part in government such as helping to find solutions to problems or helping to make rules and laws)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of one’s private life
     2.Knows what constitutes one’s civic life
     3.Knows that one’s private life concerns the personal life of the individual, such as being with family and friends
     4.Knows that one’s private life concerns the personal life of the individual, such as practicing one’s religious beliefs
     5.Knows that one’s civic life concerns taking part in the government, such as helping to find solutions to problems
     6.Knows that one’s civic life concerns taking part in the government, such as helping to make rules and laws
   Benchmark 2.Understands how politics enables people with differing ideas to reach binding agreements (e.g., presenting information and evidence, stating arguments, negotiating, compromising, voting)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of politics
     2.Knows that politics often include presenting information and evidence to reach a binding agreement
     3.Knows that politics often include stating arguments to reach a binding agreement
     4.Knows that politics often include negotiating to reach a binding agreement
     5.Knows that politics often include compromising to reach a binding agreement
     6.Knows that politics often include voting to reach a binding agreement
     7.Understands the concept of a binding agreement
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how politics enables a group of people with varying opinions and/or interests to reach collective decisions, influence decisions, and accomplish goals that they could not reach as individuals (e.g., managing the distribution of resources, allocating benefits and burdens, managing conflicts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how politics can enable a group of people with varying opinions and/or interests to reach a collective decision they may not reach as individuals
     2.Understands how politics can enable a group of people with varying opinions and/or interests to influence decisions they may not influence as individuals
     3.Understands how politics can enable a group of people with varying opinions and/or interests to accomplish goals they may not accomplish as individuals
     4.Knows that politics can enable a group of people to manage the distribution of resources
     5.Knows that politics can enable a group of people to allocate benefits and burdens
     6.Knows that politics can enable a group of people to manage conflicts
   Benchmark 5.Understands why politics is found wherever people gather as a group (e.g., it enables groups to reach collective, binding decisions that can be enforced)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that politics are found where people gather as a group
     2.Knows that politics enable groups of people to reach collective, binding decisions
     3.Knows that binding decisions can be enforced
   Benchmark 6.Understands major arguments for the necessity of politics and government (e.g., people cannot fulfill their potential without politics and government, people would be insecure or endangered without government, people working collectively can accomplish goals and solve problems they could not achieve alone)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major arguments for the necessity of politics
     2.Understands major arguments for the necessity of government
     3.Knows that some may argue that people cannot fulfill their potential without politics and government
     4.Knows that some may argue that people would be insecure or endangered without government
     5.Knows that some may argue that people working collectively can accomplish goals and solve problems they could not achieve without government and politics