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Topic: American constitutional government 

Civics

 Standard 8.  Understands the central ideas of American constitutional government and how this form of government has shaped the character of American society
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other writings (e.g., the Constitution is a higher law that authorizes a government of limited powers; the Preamble to the Constitution states the purposes of government such as to form a more perfect union, establish justice, provide for the common defense, and promote the general welfare)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Declaration of Independence
     2.Knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in the Constitution
     3.Knows the essential ideas of American constitutional government that are expressed in a variety of writings
     4.Knows that the Constitution is a higher law that authorizes a government of limited powers
     5.Knows that the Preamble to the Constitution states the purposes of government
     6.Knows that the Preamble to the Constitution states one purpose of the government is to form a more perfect union
     7.Knows that the Preamble to the Constitution states one purpose of government is to establish justice
     8.Knows that the Preamble to the Constitution states one purpose of government is to provide for the common defense
     9.Knows that the Preamble to the Constitution states one purpose of government is to promote the general welfare of society
   Benchmark 2.Knows how certain provisions of the United States Constitution give government the necessary power to fulfill its purposes (e.g., delegated or enumerated powers as stated in Articles I, II, and III; the general welfare provision as stated in Article I, Section 8; the necessary and proper clause as stated in Article I, Section 8, Clause 18)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the provision of delegated or enumerated powers as stated in Articles I, II, and III
     2.Understands the general welfare provision as stated in Article I, Section 8
     3.Understands the necessary and proper clause as stated in Article I, Section 8, Clause 18
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the United States Constitution serves to limit the powers of government (e.g., separation and sharing of powers, checks and balances, Bill of Rights)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that United States Constitution serves to limit the powers of government with the separation and sharing of powers
     2.Understands that United States Constitution serves to limit the powers of government with checks and balances
     3.Understands that United States Constitution serves to limit the powers of government with the Bill of Rights
   Benchmark 4.Understands how specific provisions of the United States Constitution (including the Bill of Rights) limit the powers of government in order to protect the rights of individuals (e.g., habeas corpus; trial by jury; ex post facto; freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly; equal protection of the law; due process of law; right to counsel)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as habeas corpus, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     2.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as trial by jury, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     3.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as ex post facto, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     4.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of religion, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     5.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of speech, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     6.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of the press, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     7.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as freedom of assembly, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     8.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as equal protection of the law, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     9.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as due process of law, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
     10.Understands that specific provisions of the United States Constitution, such as right to counsel, limits the power of the government to protect the rights of individuals
   Benchmark 5.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving constitutional protection of individual rights such as limits on speech (e.g., "hate speech," advertising), separation of church and state (e.g., school vouchers, prayer in public schools), cruel and unusual punishment (e.g., death penalty), search and seizure (e.g., warrantless searches), and privacy (e.g., national identification cards, wiretapping)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving limiting speech, such as hate speech
     2.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving limiting speech, such as advertising
     3.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving the separation of church and state, such as school vouchers
     4.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving the separation of church and state, such as prayer in public schools
     5.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving cruel and unusual punishment, such as the death penalty
     6.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving search and seizure, such as warrentless searches
     7.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving privacy, such as national ID cards
     8.Knows opposing positions on current issues involving privacy, such as wiretapping
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows major historical events that led to the creation of limited government in the United States (e.g., Magna Carta (1215), common law, and the Bill of Rights (1689) in England; colonial experience, Declaration of Independence (1776), Articles of Confederation (1781), state constitutions and charters, United States Constitution (1787), Bill of Rights (1791) in the United States)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the Magna Carta (1215) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United states
     2.Knows that the English common law was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     3.Knows that the English Bill of Rights (1689) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     4.Knows that the colonial experience was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     5.Knows that the Declaration of Independence (1776) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     6.Knows that the Articles of Confederation (1781) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     7.Knows that the creation of state constitutions and charters was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     8.Knows that the United States Constitution (1787) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
     9.Knows that the Bill of Rights (1791) was a historical event that led to the creation of limited government in the United States
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the creation of American constitutional government was influenced by the central ideas of the natural rights philosophy (e.g., all persons have the right to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness; the major purpose of government is to protect those rights)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that the right to "life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness" was influenced by the central ideas of the natural rights philosophy
     2.Understands that the major purpose of the American constitutional government is to protect the natural rights of man
   Benchmark 3.Knows the major ideas about republican government that influenced the development of the United States Constitution (e.g., the concept of representative government, the importance of civic virtue or concern for the common good)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the concept of representative government was an idea of the republican government that influenced the development of the U.S. Constitution
     2.Knows that the importance of civic virtue and concern for the common good was an idea of the republican government that influenced the development of the U.S. Constitution
   Benchmark 4.Understands the concept of popular sovereignty as a central idea of American constitutional government (e.g., the people as the ultimate source of the power to create, alter, or abolish governments)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that popular sovereignty includes the idea that people are the ultimate source of power to create, alter, or abolish governments
     2.Knows that popular sovereignty is a central idea of American constitutional government
   Benchmark 5.Understands the necessity for a written Constitution to set forth the organization of government and to grant and distribute its powers (e.g., among different branches of the national government, between the national government and the states, between the people and the government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the necessity for a written Constitution to set for the organization of government
     2.Understands the necessity for a written Constitution to grant and distribute power
     3.Knows that the Constitution grants and distributes power among different branches of the national government
     4.Knows that the Constitution grants and distributes power between national and state governments
     5.Knows that the Constitution grants and distributes power between the people and the government
   Benchmark 6.Understands how various provisions of the Constitution and principles of the constitutional system help to insure an effective government that will not exceed its limits
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how various provisions of the Constitution help to insure an effective government that will not exceed its limits
     2.Understands how the principles of the constitutional system help to insure an effective government that will not exceed its limits
   Benchmark 7.Understands how the design of the institutions of government and the federal system works to channel and limit governmental power in order to serve the purposes of American constitutional government
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the design of the institutions of government works to channel and limit governmental power in order to serve the purposes of American constitutional government
     2.Understands how the design of the federal system works to channel and limit governmental power in order to serve the purposes of American constitutional government
   Benchmark 8.Understands how the belief in limited government and the values and principles of the Constitution have influenced American society (e.g., the Constitution has encouraged Americans to engage in commercial and other productive activities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the belief in limited government has influenced American society
     2.Understands how the belief in the values and principles of the constitution has influenced American society
     3.Understands that the Constitution has encouraged Americans to engage in commercial and other productive activities
   Benchmark 9.Knows ways in which Americans have attempted to make the values and principles of the Constitution a reality
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which Americans have attempted to make the values of the Constitution a reality
     2.Knows ways in which Americans have attempted to make the principles of the Constitution a reality