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Topic: Successes and failures of Reconstruction  

United States History

 Standard 15.  Understands how various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of the Reconstruction period on politics in the South (e.g., the increase in corruption in the post-Civil War period, the importance of political cartoonists in drawing attention to corruption)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the increase in political corruption in the post-Civil War period
     2.Understands the importance of political cartoonists in drawing attention to corruption during the Reconstruction period
   Benchmark 5.Understands how economic conditions and family life in the North and South changed over the war years
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how economic conditions in the North changed over the Civil War years
     2.Understands how economic conditions in the South changed over the Civil War years
     3.Understands how family life in the North changed over the Civil War years
     4.Understands how family life in the South changed over the Civil War years
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands changes in the political and social structure in different regions during Reconstruction (e.g., changes in political and economic positions of African Americans in the North; changes in gender roles and status in the North, South and West; contributions of African Americans who served in state and national offices; personal challenges to Freedmen)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands changes in the political structure in different regions during Reconstruction
     2.Understands changes in the social structure in different regions during Reconstruction
     3.Understands changes in political positions of African Americans in the North during Reconstruction
     4.Understands changes in economic positions of African Americans in the North during Reconstruction
     5.Understands changes in gender roles in the North during Reconstruction
     6.Understands changes in gender roles in the South during Reconstruction
     7.Understands changes in gender roles in the West during Reconstruction
     8.Understands changes in gender status in the North during Reconstruction
     9.Understands changes in gender status in the South during Reconstruction
     10.Understands changes in gender status in the West during Reconstruction
     11.Understands the contributions of African Americans who served in state offices during Reconstruction
     12.Understands the contributions of African Americans who served in national offices during Reconstruction
     13.Understands personal challenges to Freedmen during Reconstruction
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands social and economic factors during and toward the end of Reconstruction (e.g., how economic expansion and development in the North and South were influenced by Reconstruction, the impact of fraud and violence on the end of Reconstruction)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands social factors during Reconstruction
     2.Understands social factors toward the end of Reconstruction
     3.Understands economic factors during Reconstruction
     4.Understands economic factors toward the end of Reconstruction
     5.Understands how economic expansion in the North was influenced by Reconstruction
     6.Understands how economic development in the North was influenced by Reconstruction
     7.Understands how economic expansion in the South was influenced by Reconstruction
     8.Understands how economic development in the South was influenced by Reconstruction
     9.Understands the impact of fraud on the end of Reconstruction
     10.Understands the impact of violence on the end of Reconstruction
   Benchmark 6.Understands different perspectives of Reconstruction (e.g., Reconstruction as an expression of social democratization and perfectionism, Reconstruction as a revolution)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the perspective of Reconstruction as an expression of social democratization
     2.Understands the perspective of Reconstruction as an expression of social perfectionism
     3.Understands the perspective of Reconstruction as a revolution
   Benchmark 7.Understands the extent to which social and political issues were influenced by the Civil War and Reconstruction (e.g., why women's rights leaders felt betrayed by Reconstruction, the extent to which crooked business deals encouraged corruption in the government)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the extent to which social issues were influenced by the Civil War
     2.Understands the extent to which political issues were influenced by the Civil War
     3.Understands the extent to which social issues were influenced by Reconstruction
     4.Understands the extent to which political issues were influenced by Reconstruction
     5.Understands why women’s rights leaders felt betrayed by Reconstruction
     6.Understands the extent to which crooked business deals encouraged corruption in the government