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Topic: Historical and cultural context of artistic works 

Arts and Communication

 Standard 4.  Understands ways in which the human experience is transmitted and reflected in the arts and communication
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Knows ways in which various media forms throughout history (e.g., broadsheets, photography, newspapers, news broadcasts) have reflected or conveyed human events
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which various media forms throughout history have reflected human events
     2.Knows ways in which various media forms throughout history have conveyed human events
     3.Knows ways in which broadsheets throughout history have reflected or conveyed human events
     4.Knows ways in which photography throughout history has reflected or conveyed human events
     5.Knows ways in which newspapers throughout history have reflected or conveyed human events

Visual Arts

 Standard 3.  Knows a range of subject matter, symbols, and potential ideas in the visual arts
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how visual, spatial, temporal, and functional values of artworks are tempered by culture and history
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the visual values of artwork are tempered by culture and history
     2.Understands how the spatial values of artwork are tempered by culture and history
     3.Understands how the temporal values of artwork are tempered by culture and history
     4.Understands how the functional values of artwork are tempered by culture and history
 Standard 4.  Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Know that art exists from a variety of places and periods of time
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that art exists from different places
     2.Knows that art exists from different times
   Benchmark 2.Knows that artwork is present in stories as illustrations
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that books often contain artwork
     2.Knows that drawings in stories are art artwork
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows that the visual arts have both a history and a specific relationship to various cultures
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the visual arts are part of the history of various cultures
     2.Knows that the visual arts have a specific relationship to various cultures
   Benchmark 2.Identifies specific works of art as belonging to particular cultures, times, and places
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies specific works of art as belonging to particular cultures
     2.Identifies specific works of art as belonging to particular times
     3.Identifies specific works of art as belonging to particular places
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands similarities and differences among the characteristics of artworks from various eras and cultures (e.g., materials; visual, spatial, and temporal structures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands similarities among artworks from various eras
     2.Understands differences among artworks from various eras
     3.Understands similarities among artworks from various cultures
     4.Understands differences among artworks from various cultures
     5.Knows that artworks from various eras may use similar or different materials
     6.Knows that artworks from various cultures may use similar or different materials
     7.Knows that artworks from various eras may be similar or different in their visual, spatial, and temporal structures
     8.Knows that artworks from various cultures may be similar or different in their visual, spatial, and temporal structures
   Benchmark 2.Understands the historical and cultural contexts of a variety of art objects
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the historical of a variety of art objects
     2.Understands the cultural contexts of a variety of art objects
   Benchmark 3.Understands how factors of time and place (e.g., climate, resources, ideas, technology) influence visual, spatial, or temporal characteristics that give meaning or function to a work of art
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how factors of time and place can influence visual characteristics that give meaning or function to a work of art
     2.Understands how factors of time and place can influence spatial characteristics that give meaning or function to a work of art
     3.Understands how factors of time and place can influence temporal characteristics that give meaning or function to a work of art
     4.Understands how the climate of a place can influence the visual, spatial, or temporal characteristics of a work of art
     5.Understands how available resources can influence the visual, spatial, or temporal characteristics of a work of art
     6.Understands how ideas can influence the visual, spatial, or temporal characteristics of a work of art
     7.Understands how technology can influence the visual, spatial, or temporal characteristics of a work of art
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows a variety of historical and cultural contexts regarding characteristics and purposes of works of art
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a variety of historical contexts regarding characteristics of works of art
     2.Knows a variety of historical contexts regarding purposes of works of art
     3.Knows a variety of cultural contexts regarding characteristics of works of art
     4.Knows a variety of cultural contexts regarding purposes of works of art
   Benchmark 2.Knows the function and meaning of specific art objects within varied cultures, times, and places
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the function and meaning of specific art objects within varied cultures
     2.Knows the function and meaning of specific art objects from varied times
     3.Knows the function and meaning of specific art objects from varied places
   Benchmark 3.Understands relationships among works of art in terms of history, aesthetics, and culture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands relationships among works of art in terms of history
     3.Understands relationships among works of art in terms of culture
 Standard 5.  Understands the characteristics and merits of one's own artwork and the artwork of others
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands possible contemporary and historic meanings in specific artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands possible contemporary meanings in specific artworks
     2.Understands possible historic meanings in specific artworks
   Benchmark 3.Understands how one’s own artworks, as well as artworks from various eras and cultures, may elicit a variety of responses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands how artwork from various eras may elicit a variety of responses
     3.Understands how artwork from various cultures may elicit a variety of responses
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how specific works are created and relate to historical and cultural contexts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how specific works of art relate to historical contexts
     3.Knows how specific works of art relate to cultural contexts