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Topic: Form and aesthetics 

Arts and Communication

 Standard 2.  Knows and applies appropriate criteria to arts and communication products
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Knows and applies criteria to evaluate industrial arts products (e.g., design craftsmanship, function, and aesthetic qualities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows criteria to evaluate industrial arts products
     2.Applies criteria to evaluate industrial arts products
     3.Knows and applies design criteria to evaluate industrial arts products
     4.Knows and applies craftsmanship criteria to evaluate industrial arts products
     5.Knows and applies criteria for function to evaluate industrial arts products

Art Connections

 Standard 1.  Understands connections among the various art forms and other disciplines
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how visual, aural, oral, and kinetic elements are used in the various art forms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how visual elements are used in the various art forms
     2.Knows how aural elements are used in the various art forms
     3.Knows how oral elements are used in the various art forms
     4.Knows how kinetic elements are used in the various art forms
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 5.Knows the aesthetic impact of arts performances seen live versus those recorded on audio or video
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the aesthetic impact of live performances
     2.Understands the aesthetic impact performances recorded on audio or video
     3.Knows live performances and recorded performances have a different aesthetic impact

Visual Arts

 Standard 2.  Knows how to use structures (e.g., sensory qualities, organizational principles, expressive features) and functions of art
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the differences among visual characteristics (e.g., color, texture) and purposes of art (e.g., to convey ideas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows visual characteristics of art
     2.Knows that color is a visual characteristic of art
     3.Knows that texture is a visual characteristic of art
   Benchmark 2.Understands how different compositional, expressive features (e.g., evoking joy, sadness, anger), and organizational principles (e.g., repetition, balance, emphasis, contrast, unity) cause different responses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how different expressive features of art cause different responses
     2.Understands how different features of art can evoke joy
     3.Understands how different features of art can evoke sadness
     4.Understands how different features of art can evoke anger
     5.Understands how different organizational principles cause different responses
     6.Understands how the principle of repetition can cause a different response
     7.Understands how the principle of balance can cause a different response
     8.Understands how the principle of emphasis can cause a different response
     9.Understands how the principle of contrast can cause a different response
     10.Understands how the principle of unity can cause a different response
   Benchmark 3.Uses visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses visual structures of art to communicate ideas
     2.Uses functions of art to communicate ideas
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows some of the effects of various visual structures (e.g., design elements such as line, color, shape; principles such as repetition, rhythm, balance) and functions of art
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows some of the effects of various visual structures of art
     2.Knows some of the effects of various functions of art
     3.Knows some of the effects of design elements such as line, color, shape
     4.Knows some of the effects of art principles such as repetition, rhythm, balance
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how organizational principles and functions can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how organizational principles can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
     2.Knows how functions of art can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
 Standard 4.  Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands relationships among works of art in terms of history, aesthetics, and culture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands relationships among works of art in terms of aesthetics