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Topic: Artistic skills and techniques 

Engineering Education

 Standard 12.  Understands the techniques, tools, and technologies related to the production of technical drawings
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations (e.g., shadowing, shading, inking, air brushing, rendering)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations such as shadowing
     2.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations such as shading
     3.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations such as inking
     4.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations such as air brushing
     5.Understands drawing techniques used in technical illustrations such as rendering
   Benchmark 11.Understands axonometric and one and two point perspective drawings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands axonometric drawings
     2.Understands one and two point perspective drawings
   Benchmark 12.Knows methods for constructing object intersections and creating sectional views of objects
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows methods for constructing object intersections
     2.Knows methods for creating sectional views of objects
   Benchmark 13.Understands methods for creating simple isometric drawings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands simple isometric drawings
     2.Understands how to create a simple isometric drawing
   Benchmark 14.Understands the elements of design (e.g., color theory, type, size, balance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands elements of design such as color theory
     2.Understands elements of design such as type
     3.Understands elements of design such as size
     4.Understands elements of design such as balance
 Standard 13.  Understands applications of technical drawing skills
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows techniques for drawing layouts of objects or structures, including freehand
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows techniques for drawing layouts of objects

Arts and Communication

 Standard 1.  Understands the principles, processes, and products associated with arts and communication media
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows skills and techniques used in the commercial arts (e.g., basic drawings, basic design, lettering, typography, layout and design, mechanics, printmaking, illustration, interior decorating, fashion design and display, photography, sign painting, portfolio, graphic design, technical drawing, screen printing, commercial photography)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Know skills used in the commercial arts
     2.Know techniques used in the commercial arts
     3.Understands how basic drawings are used in the commercial arts
     4.Understands how lettering is used in the commercial arts
     5.Understands how typography is used in the commercial arts
     6.Understands how layout and design is used in the commercial arts
     7.Understands how mechanics are used in the commercial arts
     8.Understands how printmaking is used in the commercial arts
     9.Understands how interior decorating is used in the commercial arts
     10.Understands how fashion design and display is used in the commercial arts
     11.Understands how photography is used in the commercial arts
     12.Understands how sign painting is used in the commercial arts
     13.Understands how portfolios are used in the commercial arts
     14.Understands how graphic design is used in the commercial arts
     15.Understands how technical drawing is used in the commercial arts
     16.Understands how screen printing is used in the commercial arts
     17.Understands how commercial photography is used in the commercial arts
   Benchmark 3.Knows specific techniques and skills used in different art forms (e.g., dance structures and forms; script analysis, casting techniques, staging procedures, set design and construction, and theatre management in theatre; precision movement and controlled tone quality used in musical performance; the principles of design used in visual art)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows specific techniques used in different art forms
     2.Knows specific skills used in different art forms
     3.Understands dance structures
     4.Understands dance forms
     5.Understands script analysis in theatre
     6.Understands casting techniques in theatre
     7.Understands staging procedures in theatre
     8.Understands set design in theatre
     9.Understands set construction in theatre
     10.Understands theatre management
     11.Understands precision movement in musical performance
     12.Understands controlled tone quality used in musical performance
     13.Understands the principles of design used in visual art
 Standard 3.  Uses critical and creative thinking in various arts and communication settings
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands specific principles and techniques used to solve problems in various art forms (e.g., using the elements of art and principles of design to solve specific art problems; using the design process to address design problems; using the elements of music and theory to resolve problems associated with music composition)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands specific principles used to solve problems in various art forms
     2.Understands specific techniques used to solve problems in various art forms
     3.Understands how to use the elements of art to solve specific art problems
     4.Understands how to use the principles of design to solve specific art problems
     5.Understands how to use the design process to address design problems in art
     6.Understands how to use the elements of music to resolve problems associated with music composition
     7.Understands how to use the elements of music theory to resolve problems associated with music composition
   Benchmark 4.Understands the importance of practice in the arts (e.g., its role in improvement of skills; how practice contributes to how well a person learns; how practice makes some skills automatic)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of practice in the improvement of skills
     2.Understands how practice contributes to how well a person learns
     3.Understands how practice makes some skills automatic
   Benchmark 6.Understands techniques used when engaging in personal and organizational risk-taking in different arts and communication settings (e.g., weighing risks in decision-making and problem-solving; selecting appropriate courses of action; achieving personal goals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands techniques used when engaging in personal risk-taking in different art settings
     2.Understands techniques used when engaging in personal risk-taking in different communication settings
     3.Understands techniques used when engaging in organizational risk-taking in different art settings
     4.Understands techniques used when engaging in organizational risk-taking in different communication settings
     5.Understands how to weigh risks in decision-making
     6.Understands how to weigh risks in problem-solving
     7.Understands how to select appropriate courses of action
     8.Understands the possible risks involved with achieving personal goals
 Standard 4.  Understands ways in which the human experience is transmitted and reflected in the arts and communication
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media, techniques, and processes one uses in various art forms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the techniques one uses in various art forms

Visual Arts

 Standard 1.  Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Experiments with a variety of color, textures, and shapes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Experiments with a variety of colors in art
     2.Experiments with a variety of textures in art
     3.Experiments with a variety of shapes in art
   Benchmark 3.Uses a variety of basic art materials (e.g., paints, crayons, clay, pencils) to create works of art and express ideas and feelings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses basic art materials to express ideas
     2.Uses basic art materials to express feelings
     3.Uses basic art materials to create art
     4.Paints to express their ideas and feelings
     5.Draws with crayons to express their ideas and feelings
     6.Sculpts with clay to express their ideas and feelings
     7.Draws with pencils to express their ideas and feelings
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the differences between art materials (e.g., paint, clay, wood, videotape), techniques (e.g., overlapping, shading, varying size or color), and processes (e.g., addition and subtraction in sculpture, casting and constructing in making jewelry)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows examples of art techniques
     3.Knows examples of art processes
     8.Knows that overlapping is an art technique
     9.Knows that shading is an art technique
     10.Knows that varying size is an art technique
     11.Knows that varying color is an art technique
     12.Knows that addition and subtraction is an art technique in sculpture
     13.Knows that casting and constructing is an art technique in jewelry making
   Benchmark 2.Knows how different materials, techniques, and processes cause different responses from the viewer
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how different techniques cause different responses from the viewer
     3.Knows how different processes cause different responses from the viewer
   Benchmark 3.Knows how different media (e.g., oil, watercolor, stone, metal), techniques, and processes are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how different techniques are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     3.Knows how different processes are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
   Benchmark 4.Uses art materials and tools in a safe and responsible manner
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses art materials in a safe and responsible manner
     2.Uses art tools in a safe and responsible manner
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands what makes different art media, techniques, and processes effective (or ineffective) in communicating various ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Understands what makes different art techniques effective in communicating various ideas
     4.Understands what makes different art techniques ineffective in communicating various ideas
     5.Understands what makes different art media processes effective in communicating various ideas
     6.Understands what makes different art media processes ineffective in communicating various ideas
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art techniques can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
     3.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art processes can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Applies media, techniques, and processes with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies media with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
     2.Applies techniques with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
     3.Applies processes with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media, techniques, and processes one uses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the techniques one uses
     3.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the processes one uses
 Standard 2.  Knows how to use structures (e.g., sensory qualities, organizational principles, expressive features) and functions of art
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows some of the effects of various visual structures (e.g., design elements such as line, color, shape; principles such as repetition, rhythm, balance) and functions of art
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows some of the effects of various visual structures of art
     2.Knows some of the effects of various functions of art
     3.Knows some of the effects of design elements such as line, color, shape
     4.Knows some of the effects of art principles such as repetition, rhythm, balance
   Benchmark 2.Understands what makes various organizational structures effective (or ineffective) in the communication of ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what makes various organizational structures effective in the communication of ideas
     2.Understands what makes various organizational structures ineffective in the communication of ideas
   Benchmark 3.Knows how the qualities of structures and functions of art are used to improve communication of one’s ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the structure of art is used to improve the communication of one’s ideas
     2.Knows how the function of art is used to improve the communication of one’s ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the characteristics and structures of art are used to accomplish commercial, personal, communal, or other artistic intentions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how artistic intentions are accomplished through the characteristics and structures of art
     2.Understands how the characteristics and structures of art are used to accomplish commercial intentions
     3.Understands how the characteristics and structures of art are used to accomplish personal intentions
     4.Understands how the characteristics and structures of art are used to accomplish communal intentions
   Benchmark 2.Understands the effectiveness of various artworks in terms of organizational structures and functions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effectiveness of various artworks in terms of organizational structures
     2.Understands the effectiveness of various artworks in terms of function
   Benchmark 3.Knows how organizational principles and functions can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how organizational principles can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
     2.Knows how functions of art can be used to solve specific visual arts problems
 Standard 3.  Knows a range of subject matter, symbols, and potential ideas in the visual arts
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Applies various subjects, symbols, and ideas in one's artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies a variety of subjects one’s artworks
     2.Applies a variety of symbols in one’s artworks
     3.Applies a variety of ideas in one’s artworks
 Standard 5.  Understands the characteristics and merits of one's own artwork and the artwork of others
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how specific works are created and relate to historical and cultural contexts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how specific works of art are created