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Topic: Artistic communication and expression 

Visual Arts

 Standard 1.  Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 2.Creates three-dimensional structures and arrangements using concrete materials or manipulatives (e.g., blocks)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates three-dimensional structures
     2.Creates three-dimensional arrangements
     3.Creates enclosures and spaces
   Benchmark 3.Uses a variety of basic art materials (e.g., paints, crayons, clay, pencils) to create works of art and express ideas and feelings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses basic art materials to express ideas
     2.Uses basic art materials to express feelings
     3.Uses basic art materials to create art
     4.Paints to express their ideas and feelings
     5.Draws with crayons to express their ideas and feelings
     6.Sculpts with clay to express their ideas and feelings
     7.Draws with pencils to express their ideas and feelings
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 3.Knows how different media (e.g., oil, watercolor, stone, metal), techniques, and processes are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how different media are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     2.Knows how different techniques are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     3.Knows how different processes are used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     4.Knows how oil can be used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     5.Knows how watercolor can be used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     6.Knows how stone can be used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
     7.Knows how metal can be used to communicate ideas, experiences, and stories
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands what makes different art media, techniques, and processes effective (or ineffective) in communicating various ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what makes different art media effective in communicating various ideas
     2.Understands what makes different art media ineffective in communicating various ideas
     3.Understands what makes different art techniques effective in communicating various ideas
     4.Understands what makes different art techniques ineffective in communicating various ideas
     5.Understands what makes different art media processes effective in communicating various ideas
     6.Understands what makes different art media processes ineffective in communicating various ideas
   Benchmark 2.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art media, techniques, and processes can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art media can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
     2.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art techniques can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
     3.Knows how the qualities and characteristics of art processes can be used to enhance communication of experiences and ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Applies media, techniques, and processes with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies media with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
     2.Applies techniques with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
     3.Applies processes with sufficient skill, confidence, and sensitivity that one’s intentions are carried out in artworks
   Benchmark 2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media, techniques, and processes one uses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media one uses
     2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the techniques one uses
     3.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the processes one uses
 Standard 2.  Knows how to use structures (e.g., sensory qualities, organizational principles, expressive features) and functions of art
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how different compositional, expressive features (e.g., evoking joy, sadness, anger), and organizational principles (e.g., repetition, balance, emphasis, contrast, unity) cause different responses
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how different expressive features of art cause different responses
     2.Understands how different features of art can evoke joy
     3.Understands how different features of art can evoke sadness
     4.Understands how different features of art can evoke anger
     5.Understands how different organizational principles cause different responses
     6.Understands how the principle of repetition can cause a different response
     7.Understands how the principle of balance can cause a different response
     8.Understands how the principle of emphasis can cause a different response
     9.Understands how the principle of contrast can cause a different response
     10.Understands how the principle of unity can cause a different response
   Benchmark 3.Uses visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses visual structures of art to communicate ideas
     2.Uses functions of art to communicate ideas
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands what makes various organizational structures effective (or ineffective) in the communication of ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands what makes various organizational structures effective in the communication of ideas
     2.Understands what makes various organizational structures ineffective in the communication of ideas
   Benchmark 3.Knows how the qualities of structures and functions of art are used to improve communication of one’s ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the structure of art is used to improve the communication of one’s ideas
     2.Knows how the function of art is used to improve the communication of one’s ideas
 Standard 3.  Knows a range of subject matter, symbols, and potential ideas in the visual arts
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Selects prospective ideas (e.g., formulated thoughts, opinions, concepts) for works of art
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses formulated thoughts to select ideas for art
     2.Uses personal opinions to select ideas for art
     3.Uses concepts to select ideas for art
   Benchmark 2.Knows how subject matter, symbols, and ideas are used to communicate meaning
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how subject matter is used to communicate meaning
     2.Knows how symbols are used to communicate meaning
     3.Knows how ideas are used to communicate meaning
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how visual, spatial, and temporal concepts integrate with content to communicate intended meaning in one’s artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how visual concepts integrate with content to communicate intended meaning in one’s artworks
     2.Knows how spatial concepts integrate with content to communicate intended meaning in one’s artworks
     3.Knows how temporal concepts integrate with content to communicate intended meaning in one’s artworks
   Benchmark 2.Knows different subjects, themes, and symbols (through context, value, and aesthetics) which convey intended meaning in artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows different subjects that convey intended meaning in artworks
     2.Knows different themes that convey intended meaning in artworks
     3.Knows different symbols that convey intended meaning in artworks
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Applies various subjects, symbols, and ideas in one's artworks
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies a variety of subjects one’s artworks
     2.Applies a variety of symbols in one’s artworks

Arts and Communication

 Standard 4.  Understands ways in which the human experience is transmitted and reflected in the arts and communication
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows ways in which different art forms communicate universal concepts (e.g., how love, birth, death, truth, and fear are communicated in the visual arts; how theatre can reveal universal concepts) throughout time and across cultures
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which different art forms communicate universal concepts throughout time
     2.Knows ways in which different art forms communicate universal concepts across cultures
     3.Knows ways that love is communicated in the visual arts throughout time and across cultures
     4.Knows ways that birth is communicated in the visual arts throughout time and across cultures
     5.Knows ways that death is communicated in the visual arts throughout time and across cultures
     6.Knows ways that truth is communicated in the visual arts throughout time and across cultures
     7.Knows ways that fear is communicated in the visual arts throughout time and across cultures
     8.Knows ways that universal concepts are revealed in theatre
   Benchmark 2.Knows ways in which different art forms evoke emotional responses (e.g., how musical styles evoke emotions such as sorrow, love, joy, anger, and pride; ways that works of art evoke emotions through the use of selected media, techniques, and processes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how musical styles evoke emotions such as sorrow
     2.Knows how musical styles evoke emotions such as love
     3.Knows how musical styles evoke emotions such as joy
     4.Knows how musical styles evoke emotions such as anger
     5.Knows how musical styles evoke emotions such as pride
     6.Knows how the ways that works of art evoke emotions through the use of selected media
     7.Knows how the ways that works of art evoke emotions through the use of selected techniques
     8.Knows how the ways that works of art evoke emotions through the use of selected processes
   Benchmark 3.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media, techniques, and processes one uses in various art forms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the media one uses in various art forms
     2.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the techniques one uses in various art forms
     3.Understands how the communication of ideas relates to the processes one uses in various art forms