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Topic: Locating sources/gathering information 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Writes expository compositions (e.g., identifies and stays on the topic; develops the topic with simple facts, concrete details, examples, definitions, quotations, and explanations; uses domain-specific or content area vocabulary; excludes extraneous and inappropriate information; uses logical organizing structures such as cause-and-effect, chronology, similarities and differences; uses several sources of information; provides a concluding statement)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies the topic for writing
     2.Stays on the topic in writing
     3.Develops the topic with simple facts
     4.Develops the topic with details
     5.Develops the topic with examples
     6.Develops the topic with definitions
     7.Develops the topic with quotations
     8.Develops the topic with explanations
     9.Excludes extraneous information
     10.Excludes inappropriate information
     11.Uses informational structures
     12.Uses cause-and-effect structures to organize ideas in oral presentations
     13.Uses chronology to structure writing
     14.Uses similarities to structure writing
     15.Uses differences to structure writing
     16.Uses several sources of information
     17.Provides a concluding statement
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Writes expository compositions (e.g., synthesizes and organizes information from first- and second-hand sources, including books, magazines, computer data banks, and the community; uses a variety of techniques to develop the main idea [names, describes, or differentiates parts; compares or contrasts; uses cause-and-effect reasoning; examines the history of a subject; cites an anecdote to provide an example; illustrates through a scenario; provides interesting facts about the subject]; distinguishes relative importance of facts, data, and ideas; uses domain-specific vocabulary, such as appropriate technical terms and notations; provides concluding statement that articulates implications or significance of the topic)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Synthesizes information from first-hand sources
     2.Synthesizes information from second-hand sources
     3.Organizes information from first-hand sources
     4.Organizes information from second-hand sources
     5.Synthesizes information from books
     6.Synthesizes information from magazines
     7.Synthesizes information from computer data bank
     8.Synthesizes information from community
     9.Organizes information from books
     10.Organizes information from magazines
     11.Organizes information from computer data banks
     12.Organizes information from community
     13.Uses techniques to develop the main idea
     14.Names parts to develop main idea
     15.Describes parts to develop main idea
     16.Differentiates parts to develop main idea
     17.Compares to develop main idea
     18.Contrasts to develop main idea
     19.Uses cause-and-effect reasoning to develop main idea
     20.Examines the history of a subject to develop the main idea
     21.Cites anecdotes to provide an example
     22.Illustrates through scenario
     23.Provides interesting facts about subject
     24.Distinguishes relative importance of facts
     25.Distinguishes relative importance of data
     26.Distinguishes relative importance of ideas
     27.Uses domain-specific vocabulary
     28.Uses appropriate technical terms
     29.Uses appropriate notations
     30.Provides a concluding statement that articulates implications or significance of a topic
 Standard 4.  Gathers and uses information for research purposes
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of sources to gather information (e.g., informational books, pictures, charts, indexes, videos, television programs, guest speakers, Internet, own observation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses own observation to gather information
     2.Uses informational books to gather information
     3.Uses pictures to gather information
     4.Uses charts to gather information
     5.Uses indexes to gather information
     6.Uses videos to gather information appropriate to grades K-2
     7.Uses guest speakers to gather information
     8.Uses television programs to gather information appropriate to grades K-2
     9.Uses the Internet to gather information appropriate to grades K-2
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 2.Uses encyclopedias to gather information for research topics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the type of information found in encyclopedias
   Benchmark 3.Uses dictionaries to gather information for research topics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the type of information found in dictionaries
   Benchmark 4.Uses electronic media to gather information (e.g., databases, Internet, CD-ROM, television shows, videos, pull-down menus, word searches)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses word searches to gather information
     2.Uses databases to gather information appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Uses the Internet to gather information appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Uses a CD-ROM to gather information
     5.Uses television shows to gather information
     6.Uses cassette recordings to gather information
     7.Uses videos to gather information appropriate to 3-5
     8.Uses pull-down menus to gather information
   Benchmark 5.Uses key words, guide words, alphabetical and numerical order, indexes, cross-references, and letters on volumes to find information for research topics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses key words to find information for research topics
     2.Uses guide words to find information for research topics
     3.Uses alphabetical order to find information for research topics
     4.Uses numerical order to find information for research topics
     5.Uses indexes to find information for research topics
     6.Uses cross references to find information for research topics
     7.Uses letters on volumes to find information for research topics
   Benchmark 6.Uses multiple representations of information (e.g., maps, charts, photos, diagrams, tables) to find information for research topics
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses tables to find information
     2.Uses maps to find information
     3.Uses charts to find information
     4.Uses photos to find information
     5.Uses diagrams to find information
   Benchmark 7.Uses strategies to gather and record information for research topics (e.g., uses notes, maps, charts, graphs, tables, and other graphic organizers; paraphrases and summarizes information; gathers direct quotes; provides narrative descriptions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies to gather information for research topics
     2.Uses strategies to record information for research topics
     3.Uses notes to record information appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Uses maps to record information
     5.Uses charts to record information
     6.Uses graphs to record information
     7.Uses tables to record information
     8.Uses graphic organizers to record information
     9.Paraphrases information
     10.Summarizes information
     11.Gathers direct quotes
     12.Provides narrative descriptions
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Gathers data for research topics from interviews (e.g., prepares and asks relevant questions, makes notes of responses, compiles responses)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Compiles responses from interviews
     2.Prepares relevant questions for interviews
     3.Asks relevant questions for interviews
     4.Makes notes of responses from interviews
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of resource materials to gather information for research topics (e.g., magazines, newspapers, dictionaries, schedules, journals, surveys, globes, atlases, almanacs, websites, databases, podcasts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows sources appropriate for research
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of print and electronic sources to gather information for research topics (e.g., news sources such as magazines, radio, television, and newspapers; government publications and microfiche; library databases; field studies; speeches; technical documents; periodicals; Internet sources, such as web sites, podcasts, blogs, and electronic bullentin boards)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a variety of print sources to gather information
     2.Uses electronic media to gather information
     3.Uses news sources to gather information
     4.Uses magazines to gather information
     5.Uses radio to gather information
     6.Uses television programs to gather information appropriate to 9-12
     7.Uses newspapers to gather information
     8.Uses government publications to gather information
     9.Uses microfiche to gather information
     10.Uses telephone information services to gather information
     11.Uses databases to gather information appropriate to 9-12
     12.Uses field studies to gather information
     13.Uses speeches to gather information
     14.Uses technical documents to gather information
     15.Uses periodicals to gather information
     16.Uses the Internet to gather information appropriate to 9-12
   Benchmark 3.Uses a variety of primary sources to gather information for research topics
   Benchmark 4.Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate the validity, reliability, and usefulness of primary and secondary source information (e.g., the motives and perspectives of the author; credibility of author and sources; date of publication; use of logic, propaganda, bias, and language; comprehensiveness of evidence; strengths and limitations of the source relative to audience and purpose)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses criteria to evaluate the validity of primary source information
     2.Uses criteria to evaluate the validity of secondary source information
     3.Uses criteria to evaluate the reliability of primary source information
     4.Uses criteria to evaluate the reliability of secondary source information
     5.Uses criteria to evaluate the usefulness of primary source information
     6.Uses criteria to evaluate the usefulness of secondary source information
     7.Evaluates author’s motives to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     8.Evaluates author’s perspective to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     9.Evaluates author’s credibility to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     10.Uses date of publication to evaluate the validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     11.Evaluates the use of logic to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     12.Evaluates the use of propaganda to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     13.Evaluates author’s bias to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     14.Evaluates author’s use of language to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     15.Evaluates comprehensiveness of evidence to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     16.Evaluates the strengths of a source relative to audience
     17.Evaluates the limitations of a source relative to audience
     18.Evaluates the strengths of a source relative to purpose
     19.Evaluates the limitations of a source relative to purpose
   Benchmark 7.Scans a passage to determine whether it contains relevant information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Locates relevant information in a written passage
 Standard 7.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of informational texts
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Uses the various parts of a book (e.g., index, table of contents, glossary, appendix, preface) to locate information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses the index to locate information
     2.Uses the table of contents to locate information
     3.Uses the glossary to locate information
     4.Uses the appendix to locate information

Theatre

 Standard 5.  Understands how informal and formal theatre, film, television, and electronic media productions create and communicate meaning
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 5.Applies research from print and nonprint sources to script writing, acting, design, and directing choices
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies research from print and nonprint sources to script writing choices
     2.Applies research from print and nonprint sources to acting choices
     3.Applies research from print and nonprint sources to design choices
     4.Applies research from print and nonprint sources to directing choices
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Identifies and researches cultural, historical, and symbolic clues in dramatic texts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies and researches cultural clues in dramatic texts
     2.Identifies and researches historical clues in dramatic texts
     3.Identifies and researches symbolic clues in dramatic texts