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Topic: Spanish and Portuguese conquest of the Americas 

United States History

 Standard 2.  Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands aspects of the Spanish exploration, conquest, and immigration to the Americas in the centuries following Columbus (e.g., Spanish interactions with the Aztec, Inca, and Pueblo; the expeditions of Cabeza de Vaca and Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in the American Southwest; the conquest of Spanish America)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the interaction of Spanish explorers with the Aztec in the centuries following Columbus
     2.Understands the interaction of Spanish explorers with the Inca in the centuries following Columbus
     3.Understands the interaction of Spanish explorers with the Pueblo in the centuries following Columbus
     4.Understands the expeditions of Cabeza de Vaca in the American Southwest in the centuries following Columbus
     5.Understands the expeditions of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in the American Southwest in the centuries following Columbus
     6.Understands aspects of the conquest of Spanish America in the centuries following Columbus
     7.Understands aspects of the Spanish exploration of the Americas in the centuries following Columbus
     8.Understands aspects of Spanish immigration to the Americas in the centuries following Columbus
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands characteristics of the Spanish and Portuguese exploration and conquest of the Americas (e.g., the social composition of early settlers of America and their motives for exploration and colonization, connections between silver mined in Peru and Mexico and the rise of global trade and the price revolution in 16th century Europe, methods the Spanish used to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires, societies the Spanish explorers encountered in the Aztec and Incan settlements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the social composition of the early Spanish and Portuguese settlers in the Americas
     2.Understands the motives of the Spanish and Portuguese for exploration and colonization
     3.Understands connections between silver mined in Peru and Mexico and the rise of global trade and the price revolution in 16th century Europe
     4.Knows methods the Spanish used to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires
     5.Knows various societies the Spanish explorers encountered in the Aztec and Incan settlements
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the economic characteristics of the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas (e.g., encomienda system and the evolution of labor systems, the origin and expansion of the African slave trade in the Americas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the encomienda system and the evolution of labor systems in the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas
     2.Understands the origins and expansion of the African trade slave in the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas
   Benchmark 5.Understands characteristics of Spanish conquest and settlement in the Americas (e.g., the social composition of early Spanish settlers in the Americas in terms of age, gender, class, and its consequences for Latin America; how Cortes and Pizarro were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca; the role of religious beliefs in perceptions the Aztec and Spanish held of one another; Spanish attempts at justification for their treatment of Native Americans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the social composition of early Spanish settlers in the Americas in terms of age, gender, class, and its consequences for Latin America
     2.Understands how Cortes and Pizarro were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca during the Spanish conquest in the Americas
     3.Understands the role of religious beliefs in perceptions the Aztec and Spanish held of one another during the Spanish conquest of the Americas
     4.Knows Spanish attempts at justification for their treatment of Native Americans during the Spanish conquest of the Americas