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Topic: Musical composition and arrangement 

Music

 Standard 4.  Composes and arranges music within specified guidelines
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Uses a variety of sound sources when composing (e.g., classroom instruments, electronic sounds, body sounds)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a variety of sound sources, such as classroom instruments, when composing
     2.Uses a variety of sound sources, such as electronic sounds, when composing
     3.Uses a variety of sound sources, such as body sounds, when composing
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Creates and arranges music to accompany readings or dramatizations (e.g., manipulate dimensions such as the variety of sounds, tempo, loudness, mood)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates and arranges music to accompany readings
     2.Creates and arranges music to accompany dramatizations
     3.Manipulate dimensions, such as the variety of sounds, when creating and composing music
     4.Manipulate dimensions, such as the tempo, when creating and composing music
     5.Manipulate dimensions, such as the loudness, when creating and composing music
     6.Manipulate dimensions, such as the mood, when creating and composing music
   Benchmark 2.Creates and arranges short songs and instrumental pieces within specified guidelines (e.g., a particular style, form, instrumentation, compositional technique)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates and arranges short songs within specified guidelines
     2.Creates and arranges instrumental pieces within specified guidelines
     3.Creates and arranges short songs within specified guidelines, such as in a particular style
     4.Creates and arranges instrumental pieces within specified guidelines, such as in a particular style
     5.Creates and arranges short songs within specified guidelines, such as in a particular form
     6.Creates and arranges instrumental pieces within specified guidelines, such as in a particular form
     7.Creates and arranges short songs within specified guidelines, such as with particular instrumentation
     8.Creates and arranges instrumental pieces within specified guidelines, such as with particular instrumentation
     9.Creates and arranges short songs within specified guidelines, such as with a particular compositional technique
     10.Creates and arranges instrumental pieces within specified guidelines, such as with a particular compositional technique
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how the elements of music are used to achieve unity and variety, tension and release, and balance in musical compositions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the elements of music are used to achieve unity and variety in musical compositions
     2.Knows how the elements of music are used to achieve tension and release in musical compositions
     3.Knows how the elements of music are used to achieve balance in musical compositions
   Benchmark 2.Composes short pieces within specified guidelines (e.g., ABA form, limited range, simple rhythms)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Composes short pieces within specified guidelines, such as an ABA form
     2.Composes short pieces within specified guidelines, such as in a limited range
     3.Composes short pieces within specified guidelines, such as with simple rhythms
   Benchmark 3.Arranges simple pieces for voices or instruments other than those for which the pieces originally were written (e.g., a guitar accompaniment for a folk song)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Arranges simple pieces for voices other than those for which the pieces originally were written
     2.Arranges simple pieces for instruments other than those for which the pieces originally were written
   Benchmark 4.Uses a variety of traditional and nontraditional sound sources and electronic media (e.g., synthesizer, sequencer) when composing and arranging
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a variety of traditional sound sources when composing and arranging
     2.Uses a variety of nontraditional sound sources when composing and arranging
     3.Uses a variety of electronic media when composing and arranging
     4.Uses a variety of electronic media, such as synthesizers, when composing and arranging
     5.Uses a variety of electronic media, such as sequencers, when composing and arranging
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Composes music in a variety of distinct styles (e.g., classical, folk, pop, jazz, rock)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Composes music in a distinct style, such as classical
     2.Composes music in a distinct style, such as folk
     3.Composes music in a distinct style, such as pop
     4.Composes music in a distinct style, such as jazz
     5.Composes music in a distinct style, such as rock
   Benchmark 2.Uses the elements of music for expressive effect (e.g., pitch, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, timbre, texture, form)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses the element of pitch for expressive effect
     2.Uses the element of rhythm for expressive effect
     3.Uses the element of harmony for expressive effect
     4.Uses the element of dynamics for expressive effect
     5.Uses the element of timbre for expressive effect
     6.Uses the element of texture for expressive effect
     7.Uses the element of form for expressive effect
   Benchmark 3.Arranges pieces for voices or instruments other than those for which the pieces were written in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music (e.g., piano music, 4-part hymns, duets, trios, quartets)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Arranges pieces for voices other than those for which the pieces were written in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     2.Arranges pieces for instruments other than those for which the pieces were written in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     3.Arranges piano music in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     4.Arranges 4-part hymns in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     5.Arranges duets in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     6.Arranges trios in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
     7.Arranges quartets in ways that preserve or enhance the expressive effect of the music
   Benchmark 4.Composes and arranges music for voices and various acoustic and electronic instruments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Composes and arranges music for voices
     2.Composes and arranges music for various acoustic instruments
     3.Composes and arranges music for various electronic instruments
 Standard 6.  Knows and applies appropriate criteria to music and music performances
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands compositional devices and techniques that are used to provide unity and variety and tension and release in a musical work (e.g., motives, imitation, retrograde, inversion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands compositional devices and techniques that are used to provide unity and variety in a musical work
     2.Understands compositional devices and techniques that are used to provide tension and release in a musical work