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Topic: Improvising musical phrases and patterns 

Music

 Standard 3.  Improvises melodies, variations, and accompaniments
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Improvises "answers" in the same style to given rhythmic and melodic phrases
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises "answers" in the same style to given rhythmic phrases
     2.Improvises "answers" in the same style to given melodic phrases
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Improvises simple rhythmic and melodic ostinato (repetition of a short musical pattern) accompaniments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises simple rhythmic ostinato accompaniments
     2.Improvises simple melodic ostinato accompaniments
   Benchmark 2.Improvises simple rhythmic variations and simple melodic embellishments on familiar melodies
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises simple rhythmic variations on familiar melodies
     2.Improvises simple melodic embellishments on familiar melodies
   Benchmark 3.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using a variety of sound sources, including traditional sounds (e.g., voices, instruments), nontraditional sounds (e.g., paper tearing, pencil tapping), body sounds (e.g., hands clapping, fingers snapping), and sounds produced by electronic means (e.g., personal computers and basic MIDI devices such as keyboards, sequencers, synthesizers, and drum machines)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using a variety of sound sources, including traditional sounds
     2.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using traditional sounds, such as voices
     3.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using traditional sounds, such as instruments
     4.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using a variety of sound sources, including nontraditional sounds
     5.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using nontraditional sounds, such as paper tearing
     6.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using nontraditional sounds, such as pencil tapping
     7.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using a variety of sound sources, including body sounds
     8.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using body sounds, such as hand clapping
     9.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using body sounds, such as finger snapping
     10.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using a variety of sound sources, including sounds produced by electronic means
     11.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using electronically produced sounds, such as sounds from personal computers
     12.Improvises short songs and instrumental pieces using electronically produced sounds, such as sounds from basic MIDI devices
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Improvises simple harmonic accompaniments
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises harmonic accompaniments
   Benchmark 2.Improvises melodic embellishments and simple rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies and melodies in major keys
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises melodic embellishments on given pentatonic melodies
     2.Improvises melodic embellishments on melodies in major keys
     3.Improvises simple rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies
     4.Improvises simple rhythmic and melodic variations on melodies in major keys
   Benchmark 3.Improvises short melodies, unaccompanied and over given rhythmic accompaniments, in a consistent style (e.g., classical, blues, folk, gospel), meter (e.g., duple, triple), and tonality (e.g., major, pentatonic)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises short melodies, unaccompanied and over given rhythmic accompaniments, in a consistent style
     2.Improvises short melodies in a classical style
     3.Improvises short melodies in a blues style
     4.Improvises short melodies in a folk style
     5.Improvises short melodies in a gospel style
     6.Improvises short melodies, unaccompanied and over given rhythmic accompaniments, in a consistent meter
     7.Improvises short melodies in a duple meter
     8.Improvises short melodies in a triple meter
     9.Improvises short melodies, unaccompanied and over given rhythmic accompaniments, in a consistent tonality
     10.Improvises short melodies in a major key
     11.Improvises short melodies on a pentatonic scale
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Improvises stylistically appropriate harmonizing parts
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises harmonizing parts
   Benchmark 2.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies and melodies in major and minor keys (e.g., folk songs, standard pop songs, hymn tunes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations on given pentatonic melodies
     2.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations in a major key
     3.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations in a minor key
     4.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations in folk songs
     5.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations in standard pop songs
     6.Improvises rhythmic and melodic variations in hymn tunes
   Benchmark 3.Improvises original melodies over given chord progressions in a consistent style, meter, and tonality
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Improvises original melodies over given chord progressions in a consistent style
     2.Improvises original melodies over given chord progressions in a consistent meter
     3.Improvises original melodies over given chord progressions in a consistent tonality