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Topic: Locomotor and nonlocomotor movement skills 

Dance

 Standard 1.  Identifies and demonstrates movement elements and skills in performing dance
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Moves his or her body in a variety of controlled ways
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Moves body to music
     2.Moves body without music
     3.Shows control over body movements
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements (e.g., bend, twist, stretch, swing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements, such as bending
     2.Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements, such as twisting
     3.Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements, such as stretching
     4.Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements, such as swinging
   Benchmark 2.Uses locomotor movements (e.g., walk, hop, leap, gallop, slide, skip) in different directions (e.g., forward, backward, sideward, diagonally, turning)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Walks in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
     2.Hops in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
     3.Leaps in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
     4.Gallops in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
     5.Slides in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
     6.Skips in different directions, such as forward, backward, sideways, diagonally, or in a turning motion
   Benchmark 5.Uses movements in straight and curved pathways
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses movements in a straight pathway
     2.Uses movements in a curved pathway
   Benchmark 7.Uses kinesthetic awareness, concentration, and focus in performing movement skills
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses kinesthetic awareness when performing movement skills
     2.Uses concentration when performing movement skills
     3.Uses focus when performing movement skills
   Benchmark 8.Knows basic actions (e.g., skip, gallop) and movement elements (e.g., height of the dancer in relation to the floor, directions), and how they communicate ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a variety of basic actions, such as skipping or galloping
     2.Knows a variety of basic movement elements, such as the height of the dancer in from the floor or directions
     3.Knows how ideas are communicated through actions
     4.Knows how ideas are communicated through movement elements
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands various movements and their underlying principles (e.g., alignment, balance, initiation of movement, articulation of isolated body parts, weight shift, elevation and landing, fall and recovery)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the underlying principles of various movements
     2.Understands the importance of alignment in movement
     3.Understands the importance of balance in movement
     4.Understands the importance of movement initiation
     5.Understands the importance of articulating isolated body parts
     6.Understands the importance of weight shifts in movement
     7.Understands the importance of elevation and landing in movement
     8.Understands the importance of fall and recovery in movement
   Benchmark 6.Memorizes and reproduces movement sequences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Memorizes simple movement sequences
     2.Reproduces simple movement sequences
   Benchmark 7.Understands the action and movement elements observed in dance, and knows appropriate movement/dance vocabulary (e.g., level, direction)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the action elements observed in dance
     2.Understands the movement elements observed in dance
     3.Knows appropriate movement/dance vocabulary, such as "level" and "direction"
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses appropriate skeletal alignment (e.g., relationship of the skeleton to the line of gravity and the base of support), body-part articulation, strength, flexibility, agility, and coordination in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate skeletal alignment in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
     2.Uses appropriate body part articulation in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
     3.Uses appropriate strength in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
     4.Uses appropriate flexibility in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
     5.Uses appropriate agility in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
     6.Uses appropriate coordination in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements