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Topic: Social experience of the Civil War 

United States History

 Standard 14.  Understands the course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the impact of the Civil War on social and gender issues (e.g., the roles of women on the home front and on the battlefield; the human and material costs of the war; the degree to which the war united the nation; how it changed the lives of women, men, and children)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of the Civil War on social issues
     2.Understands the impact of the Civil War on gender issues
     3.Understands the roles of women on the Civil War home front
     4.Understands the roles of women on the battlefield
     5.Understands the human costs of the war
     6.Understands the material costs of the war
     7.Understands the degree to which the Civil War united the nation
     8.Understands how the Civil War changed the lives of women
     9.Understands how the Civil War changed the lives of men
     10.Understands how the Civil War changed the lives of children
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 2.Understands how different groups of people shaped the Civil War (e.g., the motives and experiences of Confederate and white and African American Union soldiers, different perspectives on conscription, the effects of divided loyalties)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the motives of Confederate soldiers
     2.Understands the motives of white Union soldiers
     3.Understands the motives of African American Union soldiers
     4.Understands the experiences of Confederate soldiers
     5.Understands the experiences of white Union soldiers
     6.Understands the experiences of African American Union soldiers
     7.Understands different perspectives on conscription during the Civil War
     8.Understands the effects of divided loyalties during the Civil War
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the impact of the Civil War on Native Americans (e.g., the positions of major Indian nations during the Civil War and the effect of the war on these nations, the internal conflicts among the "Five Civilized Tribes" regarding their support for the Union or Confederacy, the long-term consequences for Native Americans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the positions of major Indian nations during the Civil War
     2.Understands the effect of the Civil War on major Indian nations
     3.Understands the internal conflicts among the "Five Civilized Tribes" regarding their support for the Union or Confederacy
     4.Understands the long-term consequences of the Civil War for Native Americans
   Benchmark 4.Understands how the Civil War influenced Northern and Southern society on the home front (e.g., the New York City draft riots of July 1863, the Union's reasons for curbing civil liberties in wartime, Lincoln's suspension of the writ of habeas corpus during the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Civil War influenced Northern society on the home front
     2.Understands how the Civil War influenced Southern society on the home front
     3.Knows about the New York City draft riots of July 1863
     4.Understands the Union’s reasons for curbing civil liberties in wartime
     5.Understands Lincoln’s suspension of the writ of habeas corpus during the war
   Benchmark 5.Understands how the Civil War influenced both military personnel and civilians (e.g., the treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army and Confederacy, how the war changed gender roles and traditional attitudes toward women in the work force)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Civil War influenced military personnel
     2.Understands how the Civil War influenced civilians
     3.Understands the treatment of African American soldiers in the Union Army
     4.Understands the treatment of African American soldiers in the Confederacy
     5.Understands how the Civil War changed gender roles in the work force
     6.Understands how the Civil War changed traditional attitudes toward women in the work force