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Topic: Basic dance techniques 

Dance

 Standard 1.  Identifies and demonstrates movement elements and skills in performing dance
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 2.Moves to the beats, rhythm, and tempo of music
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Moves body to the beat of the music
     2.Moves body to the rhythm of the music
     3.Moves body to the tempo of the music
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 6.Moves to a rhythmic accompaniment (e.g., drum beat) and responds to changes in tempo
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Moves to a rhythmic accompaniment, such as a drum beat
     2.Responds to changes in tempo
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 2.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for dance from various styles or traditions (e.g., ballet, square, Ghanaian, Middle Eastern, modern)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows basic dance steps for dance from various styles or traditions
     2.Knows basic body positions for dance from various styles or traditions
     3.Knows basic spatial patterns for dance from various styles or traditions
     4.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for ballet
     5.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for square dancing
     6.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for Ghanaian dance
     7.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for Middle Eastern dance
     8.Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for modern dance
   Benchmark 5.Knows a range of dynamics/movement qualities (e.g., sustained, swing, percussive, collapse; vibratory and effort combinations such as a float, dab, punch, and glide)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows a range of dynamics/movement qualities, including sustained, swing, percussive, collapse
     2.Knows a range of dynamics/movement qualities, including vibratory and effort combinations such as a float, dab, punch, and glide
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Knows complex steps and patterns from various dance styles (e.g., dances of a particular performer, choreographer, period) and traditions (e.g., dances of bharata natyam, noh; folk dances of indigenous peoples of Europe or other areas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows complex steps from various dance styles and traditions
     2.Knows complex patterns from various dance styles and traditions
     3.Knows the steps and patterns of dances of a particular performer
     4.Knows the steps and patterns of dances of a particular choreographer
     5.Knows the steps and patterns of dances from a particular period
     6.Knows the steps and patterns of dances of bharata natyam
     7.Knows the steps and patterns of dances of noh
     8.Knows the steps and patterns of folk dances of indigenous peoples of Europe or other areas
 Standard 3.  Understands dance as a way to create and communicate meaning
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how dance is different from other forms of human movement (e.g., sports, everyday gestures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that dance is different than other forms of movement
     2.Knows how dance is different from sports
     3.Knows how dance is different from everyday gestures
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the difference between pantomiming and abstracting a gesture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of pantomiming a gesture
     2.Understands the concept of abstracting a gesture
 Standard 4.  Applies critical and creative thinking skills in dance
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how a variety of solutions can be used to solve a given movement problem
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that many movement problems have more than one solution