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Topic: Types of regions 

Geography

 Standard 5.  Understands the concept of regions
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows areas that can be classified as regions according to physical criteria (e.g., land form regions, soil regions, vegetation regions, climate regions, water basins) and human criteria (e.g., political regions, population regions, economic regions, language regions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows areas that can be classified as regions according to physical criteria
     2.Knows areas that can be classified as regions according to human criteria
     3.Knows that land form regions are classified as such according to physical criteria
     4.Knows that soil regions are classified as such according to physical criteria
     5.Knows that vegetation regions are classified as such according to physical criteria
     6.Knows that climate regions are classified as such according to physical criteria
     7.Knows that water basins are classified as such according to physical criteria
     8.Knows that political regions are classified as such according to human criteria
     9.Knows that population regions are classified as such according to human criteria
     10.Knows that economic regions are classified as such according to human criteria
     11.Knows that language regions are classified as such according to human criteria
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the characteristics of a variety of regions (e.g., land form, climate, vegetation, shopping, housing, manufacturing, religion, language)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the land form characteristics of a variety of regions
     2.Knows the climatic characteristics of a variety of regions
     3.Knows the vegetative characteristics of a variety of regions
     4.Knows the shopping characteristics of a variety of regions
     5.Knows the housing characteristics of a variety of regions
     6.Knows the manufacturing characteristics of a variety of regions
     7.Knows the religious characteristics of a variety of regions
     8.Knows the lingual characteristics of a variety of regions
   Benchmark 3.Knows how regions are similar and different in form and function (e.g., local neighborhoods versus Central Business District)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how regions are similar in form
     2.Knows how regions are similar in function
     3.Knows how regions differ in form
     4.Knows how regions differ in function
     5.Knows how local neighborhoods are similar in form to a Central Business District
     6.Knows how local neighborhoods are similar in function to a Central Business District
     7.Knows how local neighborhoods are different in form than a Central Business District
     8.Knows how local neighborhoods are different in function than a Central Business District
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows regions at various spatial scales (e.g., hemispheres, regions within continents, countries, cities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows regions within the hemispheres
     2.Knows regions within continents
     3.Knows regions within countries
     4.Knows regions within cities
   Benchmark 2.Understands criteria that give a region identity (e.g., its central focus, such as Amsterdam as a transportation center; relationships between physical and cultural characteristics, such as the Sunbelt's warm climate and popularity with retired people)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that a region’s central focus gives it an identity
     2.Understands that Amsterdam as a transportation center gives the region an identity
     3.Understands that relationships between physical and cultural characteristics gives a region an identify
     4.Understands that the Sunbelt’s warm climate and its popularity with retired people gives the region an identity
   Benchmark 3.Knows types of regions such as formal regions (e.g., school districts, circuit-court districts, states of the United States), functional regions (e.g., the marketing area of a local newspaper, the "fanshed" of a professional sports team), and perceptual regions (e.g., the Bible Belt in the United States, the Riviera in southern France, the Great American Desert)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some regions are formal regions
     2.Knows that some regions are functional regions
     3.Knows that some regions are perceptual regions
     4.Knows that school districts are formal regions
     5.Knows that circuit-court districts are formal regions
     6.Knows that the states of the United States are formal regions
     7.Knows that the marketing area of a local newspaper is a functional region
     8.Knows that the "fanshed" of a professional sports team is a functional region
     9.Knows that the Bible Belt in the United States is a perceptual region
     10.Knows that the Great American Desert is a perceptual region
     11.Knows that the Riviera in southern France is a perceptual region
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the different ways in which regional systems are structured (e.g., precinct, ward, county, state, and national levels of a political party hierarchy; hub-and-spoke airline operations; postal-service zip codes; assignment of Social Security numbers by region)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that regional systems can be structured into precinct levels of a political party hierarchy
     2.Understands that regional systems can be structured into ward levels of a political party hierarchy
     3.Understands that regional systems can be structured into county levels of a political party hierarchy
     4.Understands that regional systems can be structured into state levels of a political party hierarchy
     5.Understands that regional systems can be structured into national levels of a political party hierarchy
     6.Understands hub-and-spoke airline operations as a structure in a regional system
     7.Understands postal-service zip codes as a structure in a regional system
     8.Understands regional Social Security numbers as a structure in a regional system