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Topic: Maps, globes, and atlases 

Geography

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Understands that maps can represent his or her surroundings
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows what a map is
     2.Knows that maps can represent different things
     3.Knows that maps can represent their surroundings
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the globe as a representation of the Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Know the characteristics of a globe
     2.Know how land is represented on a globe
     3.Know how water is represented on a globe
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the basic elements of maps and globes (e.g., title, legend, cardinal and intermediate directions, scale, grid, principal parallels, meridians, projection)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the basic elements of maps
     2.Knows the basic elements of globes
     3.Understands the concept of a title
     4.Understands the concept of a legend
     5.Understands the concept of cardinal direction
     6.Understands the concept of intermediate direction
     7.Understands the concept of scale
     8.Understands the concept of a grid system
     9.Understands the concept of meridians
     10.Understands the concept of projection
     11.Understands the concept of principal parallels
   Benchmark 2.Interprets topography using aerial photos and maps
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Interprets topography using aerial photos
     2.Interprets topography using maps
     3.Understands the concept of topography
   Benchmark 3.Uses map grids (e.g., latitude and longitude or alphanumeric system) to plot absolute location
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses latitude and longitude to plot absolute location
     2.Uses an alphanumeric system to plot absolute location
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the purposes and distinguishing characteristics of different map projections, including distortion on flat-map projections
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the purpose of different map projections
     2.Knows the distinguishing characteristics of different map projections
     3.Understands distortion on flat-map projections
   Benchmark 2.Uses thematic maps (e.g., patterns of population, disease, economic features, rainfall, vegetation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of a thematic map
     2.Uses maps that depict patterns of populations
     3.Uses maps that depict patterns of disease
     4.Uses maps that depict patterns of economic features
     5.Uses maps that depict patterns of rainfall
     6.Uses maps that depict patterns of vegetation
   Benchmark 4.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of maps, globes, and other geographic tools to illustrate a data set (e.g., data on population distribution, language-use patterns, energy consumption at different times of the year)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the advantages of using maps to illustrate a data set
     2.Knows the disadvantages of using maps to illustrate a data set
     3.Knows the advantages of using globes to illustrate a data set
     4.Knows the disadvantages of using globes to illustrate a data set
     5.Knows the advantages of using various geographic tools to illustrate a data set
     6.Knows the disadvantages of using various geographic tools to illustrate a data set
     7.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using maps to illustrate data on population distribution
     8.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using globes to illustrate data on population distribution
     9.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using maps to illustrate language-use patterns
     10.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using globes to illustrate language-use patterns
     11.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using maps to illustrate energy consumption at different times of the year
     12.Knows the advantages and disadvantages of using globes to illustrate energy consumption at different times of the year
   Benchmark 5.Knows the characteristics and uses of cartograms
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the characteristics of a cartogram
     2.Understands the use of cartograms
   Benchmark 6.Knows how maps help to find patterns of movement in space and time (e.g., mapping hurricane tracks over several seasons, mapping the spread of influenza throughout the world)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the mapping of hurricane tracks over several seasons as a useful application of mapping patterns of movement through space and time
     2.Understands that mapping the spread of influenza throughout the world is a useful application of mapping patterns of movement through space and time
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps from different sources and different points of view (e.g., maps developed by the media, business, government, industry and military to show how a recently closed military installation can be utilized for civilian purposes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the advantages of using maps from different sources
     2.Understands the advantages of using maps from different points of view
     3.Understands the disadvantages of using maps from different sources
     4.Understands the disadvantages of using maps from different points of view
     5.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps developed by the media
     6.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps developed by businesses
     7.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps developed by the government
     11.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps developed by industries
     13.Understands the advantages and disadvantages of using maps developed by the military
   Benchmark 3.Transforms primary data into maps, graphs, and charts (e.g., charts developed from recent census data ranking selected information on various topics, cartograms depicting the relative sizes of Latin American countries based on their urban populations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Transforms primary data into maps
     2.Transforms primary data into graphs
     3.Transforms primary data into charts
     4.Understands how charts can be developed from census data ranking selected information on various topics
     5.Understands how cartograms depicting the relative sizes of Latin American countries based on their urban populations can be developed
 Standard 2.  Knows the location of places, geographic features, and patterns of the environment
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows major physical and human features of places as they are represented on maps and globes (e.g., shopping areas, fast food restaurants, fire stations, largest cities, rivers, lakes, wetlands, recreation areas, historic sites, land forms, locations of places discussed in history, language arts, science, and other school subjects)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major physical features of places as they are represented on maps
     2.Knows major human features of places as they are represented on maps
     3.Knows major physical features of places as they are represented on globes
     4.Knows major human features of places as they are represented on globes
     5.Knows shopping areas as they are represented on maps
     6.Knows fast food restaurants as they are represented on maps
     7.Knows fire stations as they are represented on maps
     8.Knows large cities as they are represented on maps
     9.Knows large cities as they are represented on globes
     10.Knows rivers as they are represented on maps
     11.Knows rivers as they are represented on globes
     12.Knows lakes as they are represented on maps
     13.Knows lakes areas as they are represented on globes
     14.Knows wetlands as they are represented on maps
     15.Knows wetlands as they are represented on globes
     16.Knows recreation areas as they are represented on maps
     17.Knows historic sites as they are represented on maps
     18.Knows land forms as they are represented on maps
     19.Knows land forms as they are represented on globes
     20.Knows the location of places discussed in history as they are represented on maps
     21.Knows the location of places discussed in history as they are represented on globes
     22.Knows the location of places discussed in language arts as they are represented on maps
     23.Knows the location of places discussed in language arts as they are represented on globes
     24.Knows the location of places discussed in science as they are represented on maps
     25.Knows the location of places discussed in science as they are represented on globes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the location of physical and human features on maps and globes (e.g., culture hearths such as Mesopotamia, Huang Ho, the Yucatan Peninsula, the Nile Valley; major ocean currents; wind patterns; land forms; climate regions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the location of physical features on maps
     2.Knows the location of human features on maps
     3.Knows the location of physical features on globes
     4.Knows the location of human features on globes
     5.Knows the location of Mesopotamia on a map
     6.Knows the location of Huang Ho on a map
     7.Knows the location of the Yucatan Peninsula on a map
     8.Knows the location of the Nile Valley on a map
     9.Knows the location of culture hearths on a map
     10.Knows the location of major ocean currents on a map
     11.Knows the location of major wind patterns on a map
     12.Knows the location of major land forms on a map
     13.Knows the location of major climatic regions on a map
     14.Knows the location of Mesopotamia on a globe
     15.Knows the location of Huang Ho on a globe
     16.Knows the location of the Yucatan Peninsula on a globe
     17.Knows the location of the Nile Valley on a globe
     18.Knows the location of culture hearths on a globe
     19.Knows the location of major ocean currents on a globe
     20.Knows the location of major wind patterns on a globe
     21.Knows the location of major land forms on a globe

Engineering Education

 Standard 13.  Understands applications of technical drawing skills
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Uses technical drafting skills to create civil drawings (e.g., mapping procedures, typographical maps, geographic maps, cadastral maps)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses mapping procedures to create geographical maps
     3.Uses mapping procedures to create geographic maps
     4.Uses mapping procedures to create cadastral maps