Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Location of natural and human features and places 

Geography

 Standard 1.  Understands the characteristics and uses of maps, globes, and other geographic tools and technologies
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Uses map grids (e.g., latitude and longitude or alphanumeric system) to plot absolute location
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses latitude and longitude to plot absolute location
     2.Uses an alphanumeric system to plot absolute location
 Standard 2.  Knows the location of places, geographic features, and patterns of the environment
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows geographic information about oneself (e.g., the town in which he or she lives, address, phone number)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the town in which he or she lives
     2.Knows his or her address or street name
     3.Knows his or her phone number
   Benchmark 2.Uses simple geographic thinking
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Demonstrates a basic sense of geographic awareness
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the location of school, home, neighborhood, community, state, and country
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the location of his or her school
     2.Knows the location of his or her home
     3.Knows the location of his or her neighborhood
     4.Knows the location of his or her community
     5.Knows the location of his or her state
     6.Knows the location of his or her country
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows major physical and human features of places as they are represented on maps and globes (e.g., shopping areas, fast food restaurants, fire stations, largest cities, rivers, lakes, wetlands, recreation areas, historic sites, land forms, locations of places discussed in history, language arts, science, and other school subjects)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major physical features of places as they are represented on maps
     2.Knows major human features of places as they are represented on maps
     3.Knows major physical features of places as they are represented on globes
     4.Knows major human features of places as they are represented on globes
     5.Knows shopping areas as they are represented on maps
     6.Knows fast food restaurants as they are represented on maps
     7.Knows fire stations as they are represented on maps
     8.Knows large cities as they are represented on maps
     9.Knows large cities as they are represented on globes
     10.Knows rivers as they are represented on maps
     11.Knows rivers as they are represented on globes
     12.Knows lakes as they are represented on maps
     13.Knows lakes areas as they are represented on globes
     14.Knows wetlands as they are represented on maps
     15.Knows wetlands as they are represented on globes
     16.Knows recreation areas as they are represented on maps
     17.Knows historic sites as they are represented on maps
     18.Knows land forms as they are represented on maps
     19.Knows land forms as they are represented on globes
     20.Knows the location of places discussed in history as they are represented on maps
     21.Knows the location of places discussed in history as they are represented on globes
     22.Knows the location of places discussed in language arts as they are represented on maps
     23.Knows the location of places discussed in language arts as they are represented on globes
     24.Knows the location of places discussed in science as they are represented on maps
     25.Knows the location of places discussed in science as they are represented on globes
   Benchmark 2.Knows the location of major cities in North America
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows major cities in North America
     2.Knows where major North American cities are generally located
   Benchmark 3.Knows the approximate location of major continents, mountain ranges, and bodies of water on Earth
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the approximate location of the continents
     2.Knows the approximate location of major mountain ranges on Earth
     3.Knows the approximate location of major bodies of water on Earth
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the location of physical and human features on maps and globes (e.g., culture hearths such as Mesopotamia, Huang Ho, the Yucatan Peninsula, the Nile Valley; major ocean currents; wind patterns; land forms; climate regions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the location of physical features on maps
     2.Knows the location of human features on maps
     3.Knows the location of physical features on globes
     4.Knows the location of human features on globes
     5.Knows the location of Mesopotamia on a map
     6.Knows the location of Huang Ho on a map
     7.Knows the location of the Yucatan Peninsula on a map
     8.Knows the location of the Nile Valley on a map
     9.Knows the location of culture hearths on a map
     10.Knows the location of major ocean currents on a map
     11.Knows the location of major wind patterns on a map
     12.Knows the location of major land forms on a map
     13.Knows the location of major climatic regions on a map
     14.Knows the location of Mesopotamia on a globe
     15.Knows the location of Huang Ho on a globe
     16.Knows the location of the Yucatan Peninsula on a globe
     17.Knows the location of the Nile Valley on a globe
     18.Knows the location of culture hearths on a globe
     19.Knows the location of major ocean currents on a globe
     20.Knows the location of major wind patterns on a globe
     21.Knows the location of major land forms on a globe
     22.Knows the location of major climatic regions on a globe
   Benchmark 3.Knows the relative location of, size of, and distances between places (e.g., major urban centers in the United States)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the relative location of various places in the United States
     2.Knows the relative size of various places in the United States
     3.Knows the relative distance between various places in the United States
     4.Knows the relative location of major urban centers in the United States
     5.Knows the relative size of major urban centers in the United States
     6.Knows the relative distance between major urban centers in the United States
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the approximate locations of major political and economic cultures
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the approximate locations of major political cultures
     2.Knows the approximate locations of major economic cultures
 Standard 3.  Understands the characteristics and uses of spatial organization of Earth's surface
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Identifies physical and human features in terms of the four spatial elements (e.g., locations [point], transportation and communication routes [line], regions [area], lakes filled with water [volume])
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies physical features in terms of the four spatial elements
     2.Identifies human features in terms of the four spatial elements
     3.Understands that location relates to the spatial element of point
     4.Understands that transportation routes relate to the spatial element of line
     5.Understands that communication routes relate to the spatial element of line
     6.Understands that regions relate to the spatial element of area
     7.Understands that lakes filled with water relate to the spatial element of volume
   Benchmark 2.Knows the absolute and relative location of a community and places within it (e.g., parks, stores, landmarks)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the absolute location of a community
     2.Knows the relative location of a community
     3.Knows the absolute location of places within a community
     4.Knows the relative location of places within a community
     5.Knows the absolute location of parks within a community
     6.Knows the relative location of parks within a community
     7.Knows the absolute location of stores within a community
     8.Knows the relative location of stores within a community
     9.Knows the absolute location of landmarks within a community
     10.Knows the relative location of landmarks within a community
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows patterns on the landscape produced by physical processes (e.g., the drainage basin of a river system, the ridge-and-valley pattern of the Appalachians, vegetation on the windward and leeward sides of a mountain range)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the drainage basin of a river system is a pattern produced by a physical process
     2.Knows that the ridge-and-valley pattern of the Appalachians is produced by a physical process
     3.Knows that vegetation patterns on the windward and leeward sides of a mountain range are produced by physical processes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands distributions of physical and human occurrences with respect to spatial patterns, arrangements, and associations (e.g., why some areas are more densely settled than others, relationships and patterns in the kind and number of links between settlements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the distribution of physical occurrences with respect to spatial patterns
     2.Understands the distribution of physical occurrences with respect to arrangements
     3.Understands the distribution of physical occurrences with respect to associations
     4.Understands the distribution of human occurrences with respect to spatial patterns
     5.Understands the distribution of human occurrences with respect to arrangements
     6.Understands the distribution of human occurrences with respect to associations
     7.Understands why some areas are more densely settled than others
     8.Understands relationships in the kind and number of links between settlements
     9.Understands patterns in the kind and number of links between settlements
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands principles of location (e.g., optimum plant-location decisions based on labor costs, transportation costs, market locations, climate; advantages for retailers to locate in malls rather than in dispersed locations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that the decision to locate a plant in a specific location is based on the principles of location, and may consider labor costs
     2.Knows that the decision to locate a plant in a specific location is based on the principles of location, and may consider transportation costs
     3.Knows that the decision to locate a plant in a specific location is based on the principles of location, and may consider market location
     4.Knows that the decision to locate a plant in a specific location is based on the principles of location, and may consider climate
     5.Knows that is it advantageous for retailers to locate in malls rather than in dispersed locations based on the principles of location
 Standard 4.  Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 1.Knows common features (e.g., street signs, roads, buildings) found in the local environment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some things in the environment are man-made
     2.Recognizes street signs as part of the man-made environment
     3.Recognizes roads as part of the man-made environment
     4.Recognizes buildings as part of the man-made environment
   Benchmark 2.Knows natural features of the environment (e.g., hills, mountains, oceans, rivers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that some things found in the environment are natural
     2.Recognizes hills as parts of the Earth that are not flat
     3.Recognizes mountains as large, rocky hills
     4.Recognizes oceans as large bodies of water
     5.Recognizes rivers as bodies of moving water
 Standard 13.  Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands why some countries are land-locked (e.g., wars between rival countries, isolation due to the size of landmasses and due to racial and cultural divisions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands that some countries are land-locked because of wars between rival countries
     2.Understands that some countries are land-locked because of isolation due to the size of landmasses
     3.Understands that some countries are land-locked because of racial and cultural divisions