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Topic: Influence of geographic features on historic events 

Geography

 Standard 17.  Understands how geography is used to interpret the past
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows the geographic factors that have influenced people and events in the past (e.g., the effects of the site of a Civil War battle on the course of the conflict, how trade routes followed by early European colonists were linked to the trade winds, how Muslim trading vessels used monsoon winds to cross the Indian Ocean in the 8th century)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows geographic factors that have influenced people in the past
     2.Knows geographic factors that have influenced events in the past
     3.Understands how the site of a Civil War battle affected the course of the conflict
     4.Understands how trade routes followed by early European colonists were linked to the trade winds
     5.Understands how Muslim trading vessels used monsoon winds to cross the Indian Ocean in the 8th century
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Knows how physical and human geographic factors have influenced major historic events and movements (e.g., the course and outcome of battles and wars, the forced transport of Africans to North and South America because of the need for cheap labor, the profitability of the triangle trade and the locations of prevailing wind and ocean currents, the effects of different land-survey systems used in the U.S.)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how physical geographic factors have influenced major historic events
     2.Knows how human geographic factors have influenced major historic events
     3.Knows how physical geographic factors have influenced major historic movements
     4.Knows how human geographic factors have influenced major historic movements
     5.Knows geographic factors that influenced the course and outcome of battles and wars
     6.Understands the forced transport of Africans to North and South America because of the need for cheap labor
     7.Understands the profitability of the triangle trade and the locations of prevailing wind and ocean currents
     8.Understands the effects of different land-survey systems used in the U.S.
   Benchmark 4.Knows significant physical features that have influenced historical events (e.g., mountain passes that have affected military campaigns such as the Khyber Pass, Burma Pass, or Brenner Pass; major water crossings that have affected U.S. history such as the Tacoma Strait in Washington or the Delaware River near Trenton, New Jersey; major water gaps, springs, and other hydrologic features that have affected settlement in the U.S. such as the Cumberland Gap, the Ogallala Aquifer, or the artesian wells of the Great Plains)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows mountain passes that have affected military campaigns, such as the Khyber Pass
     2.Knows mountain passes that have affected military campaigns, such as the Burma Pass
     3.Knows mountain passes that have affected military campaigns, such as the Brenner Pass
     4.Knows major water crossings that have affected U.S. history, such as the Tacoma Strait in Washington
     5.Knows major water crossings that have affected U.S. history, such as the Delaware River near Trenton
     6.Knows major hydrologic features that have affected settlement in the U.S., such as the Cumberland Gap
     7.Knows major hydrologic features that have affected settlement in the U.S., such as the Ogallala Aquifer
     8.Knows major hydrologic features that have affected settlement in the U.S., such as the artesian wells of the Great Plains
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the ways in which physical and human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events and movements (e.g., the effects of imperialism, colonization, and decolonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries; the geographical forces responsible for the industrial revolution in England in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; physical and human factors that have led to famines and large-scale refugee movements)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the ways in which physical features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events
     2.Understands the ways in which physical features have influenced the evolution of significant historic movements
     3.Understands the ways in which human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic events
     4.Understands the ways in which human features have influenced the evolution of significant historic movements
     5.Understands the effects of imperialism on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     6.Understands the effects colonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     7.Understands the effects of decolonization on the economic and political developments of the 19th and 20th centuries
     8.Knows the geographical forces responsible for the industrial revolution in England in the late 18th and early 19th centuries
     9.Knows physical factors that have led to famines
     10.Knows physical factors that have led to large-scale refugee movements
     11.Knows human factors that have led to famines
     12.Knows human factors that have led to large-scale refugee movements