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Topic: Climate types and regions  

Geography

 Standard 7.  Knows the physical processes that shape patterns on Earth's surface
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the distribution of different types of climate (e.g., marine climate or continental climate) that are produced by such processes as air-mass circulation, temperature, and moisture
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the distribution of climates that are produced by air-mass circulation
     2.Understands the distribution of climates that are produced by temperature processes
     3.Understands the distribution of climates that are produced by moisture processes
     4.Understands the distribution of marine climates
     5.Understands the distribution of continental climates
   Benchmark 4.Understands how physical processes affect different regions of the United States and the world (e.g., effects of hurricanes in the Caribbean Basin and the eastern United States or of earthquakes in Turkey, Japan, and Nicaragua; effects of desertification and soil degradation, flash floods, dust storms, sand movement, soil erosion and salt accumulation in dry environments)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how physical processes affect different regions of the United States
     2.Understands how physical processes affect different regions around the world
     3.Understands the effects of hurricanes in the Caribbean Basin
     4.Understands the effects of hurricanes in the eastern United States
     5.Understands the effects of earthquakes in Turkey
     6.Understands the effects of earthquakes in Japan
     7.Understands the effects of earthquakes in Nicaragua
     8.Understands the effects of desertification in dry environments
     9.Understands the effects of soil degradation in dry environments
     10.Understands the effects of flash floods in dry environments
     11.Understands the effects of dust storms in dry environments
     12.Understands the effects of sand movement in dry environments
     13.Understands the effects of soil erosion in dry environments
     14.Understands the effects of salt accumulation in dry environments
 Standard 8.  Understands the characteristics of ecosystems on Earth's surface
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Knows plants and animals associated with various vegetation and climatic regions on Earth (e.g., the plant and animal life supported in a midlatitude forest in North America, the kinds of plants and animals found in a tropical rain forest in Africa, animals and trees that thrive in cities)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows plants associated with various vegetation regions on Earth
     2.Knows plants associated with various climatic regions on Earth
     3.Knows animals associated with various vegetation regions on Earth
     4.Knows animals associated with various climatic regions on Earth
     5.Knows the plant life supported by a North American midlatitude forest
     6.Knows the animal life supported by a North American midlatitude forest
     7.Knows the kinds of plants found in a tropical rain forest in Africa
     8.Knows the kinds of animals found in a tropical rain forest in Africa
     9.Knows the types of animals that thrive in cities
     10.Knows the types of trees that thrive in cities