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Topic: Writing format 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 10.Writes persuasive compositions (e.g., engages the reader by establishing a context, creating a persona, and otherwise developing reader interest; develops a controlling idea that conveys a judgment; creates and organizes a structure appropriate to the needs and interests of a specific audience; arranges details, reasons, examples, and/or anecdotes persuasively; excludes information and arguments that are irrelevant; anticipates and addresses reader concerns and counter arguments; supports arguments with detailed evidence, citing sources of information as appropriate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Cites sources of information as appropriate
     2.Engages the reader on the topic by establishing a context
     3.Engages the reader by creating a persona
     4.Develops the reader’s interest
     5.Develops a controlling idea that conveys judgment
     6.Organizes a structure appropriate to the needs of the audience
     7.Organizes a structure appropriate to the interests of the audience
     8.Arranges details persuasively
     9.Arranges reasons persuasively
     10.Arranges examples persuasively
     11.Arranges anecdotes persuasively
     12.Excludes irrelevant information
     13.Excludes irrelevant arguments
     14.Anticipates reader concerns
     15.Anticipates reader counterarguments appropriate to grades 6-8
     16.Addresses reader concerns
     17.Addresses reader counterarguments
     18.Supports arguments with detailed evidence
   Benchmark 14.Writes technical text, such as bylaws for an organization (e.g., identifies essential steps in a logical sequence; lists materials or equipment needed; describes all factors and variables that need to be considered; uses appropriate formatting)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate formatting
     2.Can write bylaws for an organization
     3.Identifies essential steps in logical sequence
     4.Lists materials needed
     5.Lists equipment needed
     6.Describes all factors that need to be considered
     7.Describes all variables that need to be considered
 Standard 3.  Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written compositions
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 11.Uses appropriate format in written compositions (e.g., uses italics [for titles of books, magazines, plays, movies])
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses italics for titles of movies
     2.Uses italics for titles of books
     3.Uses italics for titles of magazines
     4.Uses italics for titles of plays
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 11.Uses standard format in written compositions (e.g., includes footnotes, uses italics [for works of art, for foreign words and phrases], uses bold or underlined headings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses underlined headings
     2.Includes footnotes in written compositions appropriate to 9-12
     3.Uses italics for works of art
     4.Uses italics for foreign words and phrases
     5.Uses bold headings
 Standard 4.  Gathers and uses information for research purposes
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 9.Cites information sources (e.g., quotes or paraphrases information sources, lists resources used by title)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Lists resources used by title
     2.Quotes information sources
     3.Cites information sources paraphrased in writing
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 5.Uses appropriate methods to cite and document reference sources (e.g., footnotes, bibliography)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a bibliography to document reference sources
     2.Uses footnotes to document reference sources
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Use standard format and methodology for documenting reference sources (e.g., credits quotations and paraphrased ideas; understands the meaning and consequences of plagiarism; distinguishes own ideas from others; uses a style sheet method for citing sources, such as the Modern Language Association, American Psychological Association, or Chicago Manual of Style; includes a bibliography of reference material)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses standard format for documenting reference sources
     2.Uses methodology for documenting reference sources
     3.Credits quotes to their sources
     4.Uses paraphrased ideas for documenting reference sources
     5.Understands meaning of plagiarism
     6.Understands consequences of plagiarism
     7.Distinguishes own ideas from others’
     8.Uses style sheet method for citing sources
     9.Uses Modern Language Association format for citing sources
     10.Uses American Psychological Association format for citing sources
     11.Uses Chicago Manual of Style format for citing sources
     12.Includes a bibliography of reference material