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Topic: Writing conventions/mechanics 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Editing and Publishing: Uses strategies to edit and publish written work (e.g., proofreads using a dictionary and other resources; edits for grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling at a developmentally appropriate level; incorporates illustrations or photos; uses available, appropriate technology to publish work; use legible handwriting, shares finished product)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies appropriate to grades K-2 to edit written work
     2.Uses strategies to publish written work
     3.Proofreads writing using dictionary
     4.Proofreads written work using other resources
     5.Edits written work for grammar appropriate to grades K-2
     6.Edits written work for punctuation appropriate to grades K-2
     7.Edits written work for capitalization appropriate to grades K-2
     8.Edits written work for spelling at developmentally appropriate level appropriate to grades K-2
     9.Incorporates illustrations appropriate to grades K-2
     10.Incorporates photos appropriate to grades K-2
     11.Uses technology to compose work appropriate to grades K-2
     12.Uses technology to publish work appropriate to grades K-2
     13.Shares finished product
   Benchmark 4.Evaluates own and others’ writing (e.g., asks questions and makes comments about writing, helps classmates apply grammatical and mechanical conventions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates own writing appropriate to grades K-2
     2.Evaluates others’ writing appropriate to grades K-2
     3.Asks questions about writing
     4.Makes comments about writing
     5.Helps classmates apply grammatical conventions
     6.Helps classmates apply mechanical conventions
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Editing and Publishing: Uses strategies to edit and publish written work (e.g., edits for grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling at a developmentally appropriate level; uses reference materials; excludes extraneous details and inconsistencies; selects presentation format according to purpose; uses available technology to publish work)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies appropriate to grades 3-5 to edit written work
     2.Uses strategies to publish written work appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Edits written work for grammar appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Edits written work for punctuation appropriate to grades 3-5
     5.Edits written work for capitalization appropriate to grades 3-5
     6.Edits written work for spelling at developmentally appropriate level appropriate to grades 3-5
     7.Uses reference materials to edit writing
     8.Considers page format
     9.Considers format of paragraphs
     10.Considers format of margins
     11.Considers format of indentations
     12.Considers format of titles
     13.Selects presentation format according to purpose
     14.Incorporates photos appropriate to grades 3-5
     15.Incorporates illustrations appropriate to grades 3-5
     16.Incorporates graphs
     17.Incorporates charts
     18.Uses technology to compose work appropriate to grades 3-5
     19.Uses technology to publish work appropriate to grades 3-5
     20.Excludes extraneous details
     21.Excludes inconsistencies
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Editing and Publishing: Uses a variety of strategies to edit and publish written work (e.g., eliminates slang; edits for grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling at a developmentally appropriate level; proofreads using reference materials, word processor, and other resources; edits for clarity, word choice, and language usage; uses a word processor or other technology to publish written work)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies appropriate to grades 6-8 to edit written work
     2.Uses strategies to publish written work
     3.Eliminates slang in writing
     4.Edits for grammar appropriate to grades 6-8
     5.Edits for punctuation appropriate to grades 6-8
     6.Edits for capitalization appropriate to grades 6-8
     7.Edits for spelling at developmentally appropriate level appropriate to grades 6-8
     8.Proofreads written work using reference materials
     9.Proofreads written work using word processor
     10.Proofreads written work using other resources
     11.Edits writing for clarity
     12.Edits writing for word choice
     13.Edits writing for language usage
     14.Uses word processor to publish written work
     15.Uses technology to publish work appropriate to grades 6-8
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Editing and Publishing: Uses a variety of strategies to edit and publish written work (e.g., uses a checklist to guide proofreading; edits for grammar, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling at a developmentally appropriate level; uses resources to resolve issues of complex or contested usage; refines selected pieces to publish for general and specific audiences; uses available technology, such as publishing software or graphics programs, to publish written work)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies appropriate to grades 9-12 to edit written work
     2.Uses strategies to publish written work
     3.Uses checklist to guide proofreading
     4. Edits for grammar appropriate to 9-12
     5.Edits for punctuation appropriate to 9-12
     6.Edits for capitalization appropriate to 9-12
     7.Edits for spelling at developmentally appropriate level appropriate to 9-12
     8.Uses resources to resolve issues of complex usage
     9.Uses resources to resolve issues of contested usage
     10.Refines selected pieces to publish for general audiences
     11.Refines selected pieces to publish for specific audiences
     12.Uses technology to publish work appropriate to 9-12
     13.Uses publishing software to publish written work
     14.Uses graphics programs to publish written work
 Standard 3.  Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written compositions
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 7.Uses conventions of spelling in written compositions (e.g., spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words from appropriate grade-level list; spells phonetically regular words; uses letter-sound relationships; spells basic short vowel, long vowel, r-controlled, and consonant blend patterns; uses a dictionary and other resources to spell words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words appropriate to grades K-2
     2.Spells phonetically regular words
     3.Uses letter-sound relationships to spell words
     4.Spells basic short vowel patterns
     5.Spells basic long vowel patterns
     6.Spells r-controlled patterns
     7.Spells consonant blend patterns
     8.Uses a dictionary to spell words
     9.Uses other resources to spell words
   Benchmark 8.Uses conventions of capitalization in written compositions (e.g., first and last names, first word of a sentence, the pronoun "I")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the purpose of capitalization
     2.Capitalizes first names
     3.Capitalizes last names
     4.Capitalizes first word of a sentence
     5.Capitalizes the pronoun "I"
   Benchmark 9.Uses conventions of punctuation in written compositions (e.g., uses periods after declarative sentences, uses questions marks after interrogative sentences, uses commas in a series of words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the concept of punctuation
     2.Understands the purpose of punctuation
     3.Knows various types of punctuation
     4.Uses commas in a series of words
     5.Uses periods after declarative sentences
     6.Uses questions marks after interrogative sentences
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 9.Uses conventions of spelling in written compositions (e.g., spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words from appropriate grade-level list; uses a dictionary and other resources to spell words; uses initial consonant substitution to spell related words; uses vowel combinations for correct spelling; uses contractions, compounds, roots, suffixes, prefixes, and syllable constructions to spell words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses syllable constructions to spell words
     2.Spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Uses a dictionary to spell words appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Uses other resources to spell words appropriate to grades 3-5
     5.Uses initial consonant substitution to spell related words
     6.Uses vowel combinations for correct spelling
     7.Uses contractions to spell words
     8.Uses compounds to spell words
     9.Uses roots to spell words
     10.Uses suffixes to spell words
     11.Uses prefixes to spell words
   Benchmark 10.Uses conventions of capitalization in written compositions (e.g., titles of people; proper nouns [names of towns, cities, counties, and states; days of the week; months of the year; names of streets; names of countries; holidays]; first word of direct quotations; heading, salutation, and closing of a letter)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Capitalizes the closing of a letter
     2.Capitalizes titles of people
     3.Capitalizes proper nouns appropriate for grades 3-5
     4.Capitalizes names of towns
     5.Capitalizes names of cities
     6.Capitalizes names of countries
     7.Capitalizes holidays
     8.Capitalizes the first word of direct quotations
     9.Capitalizes names of states
     10.Capitalizes days of week
     11.Capitalizes months of the year
     12.Capitalizes names of streets
     13.Capitalizes the heading of a letter
     14.Capitalizes the salutation of a letter
   Benchmark 11.Uses conventions of punctuation in written compositions (e.g., uses periods after imperative sentences and in initials, abbreviations, and titles before names; uses commas in dates and addresses and after greetings and closings in a letter; uses apostrophes in contractions and possessive nouns; uses quotation marks around titles and with a comma for direct quotations; uses a colon between hour and minutes; use commas for tag questions, direct address, and to set off words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a colon between hour and minutes
     2.Uses periods after imperative sentences
     3.Uses periods in initials
     4.Uses periods in abbreviations
     5.Uses periods in titles before names
     6.Uses commas in dates
     7.Uses commas in addresses
     8.Uses commas after greetings in a letter
     9.Uses commas after the closing of a letter
     10.Uses apostrophes in contractions
     11.Uses apostrophes in possessive nouns
     12.Uses quotation marks with direct quotations
     13.Uses quotation marks around titles
     14.Uses quotation marks with commas
     15.Uses commas for tag questions
     16.Uses commas for direct address
     17.Uses commas to set off words
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 8.Uses conventions of spelling in written compositions (e.g., spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words from appropriate grade-level list; uses a dictionary and other resources to spell words; uses common prefixes, suffixes, and root words as aids to spelling; applies rules for irregular structural changes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Applies spelling rules for irregular structural changes
     2.Spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words appropriate to 6-8
     3.Uses a dictionary to spell words appropriate to grades 6-8
     4.Uses other resources to spell words appropriate to grades 6-8
     5.Uses common prefixes as aids to spelling
     6.Uses common suffixes as aids to spelling
   Benchmark 9.Uses conventions of capitalization in written compositions (e.g., titles [books, stories, poems, magazines, newspapers, songs, works of art], proper nouns [team names, companies, schools and institutions, departments of government, religions, school subjects], proper adjectives, nationalities, brand names of products)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Capitalizes brand names of products
     2.Capitalizes titles
     3.Capitalizes titles of books
     4.Capitalizes titles of stories
     5.Capitalizes titles of poems
     6.Capitalizes titles of magazines
     7.Capitalizes titles of newspapers
     8.Capitalizes titles of songs
     9.Capitalizes titles of works of art
     10.Capitalizes proper nouns
     11.Capitalizes team names
     12.Capitalizes company names
     13.Capitalizes school names
     14.Capitalizes names of institutions
     15.Capitalizes departments of government
     16.Capitalizes religions
     17.Capitalizes school subjects
     18.Capitalizes proper adjectives
     19.Capitalizes nationalities
   Benchmark 10.Uses conventions of punctuation in written compositions (e.g., uses colons, quotation marks, and dashes; uses apostrophes in contractions and possessives, commas with introductory phrases and dependent clauses, semi-colons or a comma and conjunction in compound sentences, commas in a series, and ellipsis to indicate a pause, break, or omission)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses colons
     2.Uses quotation marks
     3.Uses dashes
     4.Uses apostrophes in contractions
     5.Uses apostrophes in possessives
     6.Use commas with introductory phrases
     7.Uses commas with dependent clauses
     8.Uses semi-colons in compound sentences
     9.Uses a comma and conjunction in compound sentences
     10.Uses commas to separate a series
     11.Use ellipses to indicate a pause
     12.Use ellipses to indicate a break
     13.Use ellipses to indicate omission
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Uses conventions of spelling in written compositions (e.g., spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words from appropriate grade-level list; uses a dictionary and other resources to spell words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses other resources to spell words appropriate to 9-12
     2.Spells high frequency, commonly misspelled words appropriate to 9-12
     3.Uses a dictionary to spell words appropriate to 9-12
   Benchmark 8.Uses conventions of capitalization in written compositions ( e.g., within divided quotations; for historical periods and events, geological eras, religious terms, scientific terms)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Capitalizes scientific terms
     2.Capitalizes within divided quotations
     3.Capitalizes historical periods
     4.Capitalizes historical events
     5.Capitalizes geological eras
     6.Capitalizes religious terms
   Benchmark 9.Uses conventions of punctuation in written compositions (e.g., uses commas with nonrestrictive clauses and contrasting expressions, uses quotation marks with ending punctuation, uses colons before extended quotations or to introduce a list, uses hyphens for compound adjectives, uses semicolons between independent clauses, uses dashes to break continuity of thought)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses dashes to break continuity of thought
     2.Uses commas with nonrestrictive clauses
     3.Uses commas with contrasting expressions
     4.Uses quotation marks with ending punctuation
     5.Uses colons before extended quotations
     6.Uses colons to introduce a list
     7.Uses hyphens for compound adjectives
     8.Uses semicolons between independent clauses