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Topic: Reading comprehension strategies 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 11.Writes in response to literature (e.g., summarizes main ideas and significant details; relates own ideas to supporting details; advances judgments; supports judgments with references to the text, other works, other authors, nonprint media, and personal knowledge)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Supports judgments with personal knowledge
     2.Summarizes main ideas
     3.Summarizes significant details
     4.Relates own ideas to supporting details
     5.Advances judgments
     6.Supports judgments with references to text
     7.Supports judgments with other works
     8.Supports judgments with other authors
     9.Supports judgments with non-print media
 Standard 5.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 13.Uses visual and verbal cues, including pictures, to comprehend new words and stories
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses visual cues to comprehend new words
     2.Uses verbal cues to comprehend new words
     3.Uses pictures to comprehend new words
     4.Uses visual cues to comprehend new stories
     5.Uses verbal cues to comprehend new stories
     6.Uses pictures to comprehend new stories
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Uses mental images based on pictures and print to aid in comprehension of text
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates mental images from pictures
     2.Creates mental images from print
   Benchmark 7.Uses self-correction strategies (e.g., searches for cues, identifies miscues, rereads, asks for help)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Asks for help with reading
     2.Searches for cues when reading
     3.Identifies miscues when reading
     4.Rereads appropriate to grades K-2
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Previews text (e.g., skims material; uses pictures, textual clues, and text format)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses text format to preview text
     2.Skims material to preview a text
     3.Uses pictures to preview text
     4.Uses textual clues to preview text
   Benchmark 2.Establishes a purpose for reading (e.g., for information, for pleasure, to understand a specific viewpoint)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Reads to understand a specific viewpoint
     2.Reads for information
     3.Reads for pleasure appropriate to grades 3-5
   Benchmark 8.Monitors own reading strategies and makes modifications as needed (e.g., recognizes when he or she is confused by a section of text, questions whether the text makes sense)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Monitors own reading strategies
     2.Makes modifications to reading strategies
     3.Recognizes when he/she is confused by a section of text
     4.Questions whether or not the text makes sense
   Benchmark 9.Adjusts speed of reading to suit purpose and difficulty of the material
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Adjusts speed of reading to suit purpose of material
     2.Adjusts speed of reading to suit difficulty of material
   Benchmark 11.Uses personal criteria to select reading material (e.g., personal interest, knowledge of authors and genres, text difficulty, recommendations of others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses recommendations of others to select reading material
     2.Uses personal interest to select reading material
     3.Uses knowledge of authors to select reading material
     4.Uses knowledge of genres to select reading material
     5.Uses text difficulty to select reading material
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Establishes and adjusts purposes for reading (e.g., to understand, interpret, enjoy, solve problems, predict outcomes, answer a specific question, form an opinion, skim for facts; to discover models for own writing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Establishes a purpose for reading
     2.Adjusts purposes for reading
     3.Reads for understanding
     4.Reads to interpret
     5.Reads for pleasure appropriate to grades 6-8
     6.Reads to solve problems
     7.Reads to predict outcomes
     8.Reads to answer specific questions
     9.Reads to form an opinion
     10.Reads to skim for facts
     11.Reads to discover models for own writing
   Benchmark 4.Uses specific strategies to clear up confusing parts of a text (e.g., pauses, rereads the text, consults another source, represents abstract information as mental pictures, draws upon background knowledge, asks for help)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Asks for help to clear up confusing parts of a text
     2.Pauses to clear up confusing parts of text
     3.Rereads text to clear up confusing parts of the text
     4.Consults other sources to clear up confusing parts of text appropriate to 6-8
     5.Represents abstract information as mental pictures to clear up confusing parts of text
     6.Draws from background knowledge to clear up confusing parts of text
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Uses a range of automatic monitoring and self-correction methods (e.g., rereading, slowing down, sub-vocalizing, consulting resources, questioning)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a range of automatic monitoring methods
     2.Uses a range of self-correction methods
     3.Rereads appropriate to 9-12
     4.Slows down to better understand the text
     5.Sub-vocalizes to better understand the text
     6.Consults other sources to clear up confusing parts of text appropriate to 9-12
     7.Uses questioning to better understand text
  Level 7 (Grade 13-13)
   Benchmark 1.Use annotation when reading to enhance comprehension and elaborate ideas.
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses note taking strategies
 Standard 7.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of informational texts
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes information found in texts (e.g., retells in own words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Retells information from texts in own words
   Benchmark 4.Relates new information to prior knowledge and experience
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Relates new information from reading to prior knowledge
     2.Relates new information from reading to prior experience
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 3.Uses text organizers (e.g., headings, topic and summary sentences, graphic features, typeface, chapter titles) to determine the main ideas and to locate information in a text
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses text organizers to determine main ideas
     2.Uses headings to determine main ideas
     3.Uses topic sentences to determine main ideas
     4.Uses summary sentences to determine main ideas
     5.Uses graphic features to determine main ideas
     6.Uses typeface to determine main ideas
     7.Uses chapter titles to determine main ideas
     8.Uses text organizers to locate information in text
     9.Uses headings to locate information in text
     10.Uses topic sentences to locate information in text
     11.Uses summary sentences to locate information in text
     12.Uses graphic features to locate information in text
     13.Uses typeface to locate information in text
     14.Uses chapter titles to locate information in text
   Benchmark 4.Uses the various parts of a book (e.g., index, table of contents, glossary, appendix, preface) to locate information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses the index to locate information
     2.Uses the table of contents to locate information
     3.Uses the glossary to locate information
     4.Uses the appendix to locate information
     5.Uses the preface to locate information
   Benchmark 5.Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., includes the main idea and significant supporting details of a reading selection)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes information in texts appropriate to grades 3-5
     2.Paraphrases information in texts appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Includes main idea when summarizing or paraphrasing a reading selection
     4.Includes supporting details when summarizing or paraphrasing information
   Benchmark 6.Uses prior knowledge and experience to understand and respond to new information
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Use prior knowledge to understand and respond to new information
     2.Uses prior experience to understand and respond to new information
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., arranges information in chronological or sequential order; conveys main ideas, critical details, and underlying meaning; uses own words or quoted materials; preserves author’s perspective and voice)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes information in texts appropriate to grades 6-8
     2.Paraphrases information in texts appropriate to grades 6-8
     3.Arranges information in chronological order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     4.Arranges information in logical order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     5.Arranges information in sequential order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     6.Conveys main ideas when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     7.Conveys critical details when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     8.Conveys underlying meaning when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     9.Uses own words when paraphrasing information
     10.Uses quoted materials when summarizing information
     11.Preserves authors perspective when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     12.Preserves authors voice when summarizing or paraphrasing information
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes and paraphrases complex, implicit hierarchic structures in informational texts (e.g., the introduction and development of central ideas, the relationships among concepts and details)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes complex informational texts
     2.Paraphrases complex informational texts
     3.Summarizes implicit hierarchic structures in informational text
     4.Paraphrases implicit hierarchic structures in informational text
     5.Summarizes relationships among the concepts and details in text structures
     6.Paraphrases relationships among the concepts and details in structures
     7.Summarizes the introduction of central ideas
     8.Paraphrases the introduction of central ideas
     9.Summarizes the development of central ideas
     10.Paraphrases the introduction of central ideas