Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Persuasive writing 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 7.Writes in a variety of forms or genres (e.g., picture books, friendly letters, stories, poems, information pieces, invitations, personal experience narratives, messages, responses to literature, opinion pieces)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Writes in a variety of forms
     2.Writes in a variety of genres
     3.Writes picture books
     4.Writes friendly letters
     5.Writes stories appropriate to grades K-2
     6.Writes poems
     7.Writes information pieces
     8.Writes invitations
     9.Writes narratives of personal experiences
     10.Writes messages
     11.Writes in response to literature
     12.Writes opinion pieces
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 10.Writes persuasive compositions (e.g., engages the reader by establishing a context, creating a persona, and otherwise developing reader interest; develops a controlling idea that conveys a judgment; creates and organizes a structure appropriate to the needs and interests of a specific audience; arranges details, reasons, examples, and/or anecdotes persuasively; excludes information and arguments that are irrelevant; anticipates and addresses reader concerns and counter arguments; supports arguments with detailed evidence, citing sources of information as appropriate)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Cites sources of information as appropriate
     2.Engages the reader on the topic by establishing a context
     3.Engages the reader by creating a persona
     4.Develops the reader’s interest
     5.Develops a controlling idea that conveys judgment
     6.Organizes a structure appropriate to the needs of the audience
     7.Organizes a structure appropriate to the interests of the audience
     8.Arranges details persuasively
     9.Arranges reasons persuasively
     10.Arranges examples persuasively
     11.Arranges anecdotes persuasively
     12.Excludes irrelevant information
     13.Excludes irrelevant arguments
     14.Anticipates reader concerns
     15.Anticipates reader counterarguments appropriate to grades 6-8
     16.Addresses reader concerns
     17.Addresses reader counterarguments
     18.Supports arguments with detailed evidence
   Benchmark 11.Writes compositions that address problems/solutions (e.g., identifies and defines a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience, describes at least one solution, presents logical and well-supported reasons)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Presents well-supported reasons
     2.Identifies a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience
     3.Defines a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience
     4.Describes solutions to the problem
     5.Presents logical reasons
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Writes compositions employing persuasion (e.g., uses rhetorical techniques, such as appeal to logic and emotion; relates personal anecdotes; cites commonly accepted beliefs or expert opinion; anticipates readers’ knowledge level, concerns, values, and potential biases) and argument (e.g., articulates a thesis statement or claim; establishes clear relationships among claim(s), opposing and counterclaims; reasons, and evidence; identifies strengths and limitations of own arguments and counterarguments; provides a concluding statement that follows from general argument)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Writes compositions employing persuasion
     2.Uses rhetorical techniques to persuade
     3.Uses appeals to logic to persuade
     4.Uses appeals to emotion to persuade
     5.Uses personal anecdotes to persuade
     6.Cites commonly accepted beliefs to persuade
     7.Cites expert opinions to persuade
     8. Anticipates readers’ knowledge level
     9.Anticipates reader concerns
     10.Anticipates readers’ values
     11.Anticipates readers’ potential biases
     12.Writes compositions employing argument
     13. Articulates a thesis statement or a claim
     14. Establishes clear relationships among the claim(s), opposing and counterclaims, reasons, and evidence
     15. Identifies strengths of own arguments
     16.Identifies strengths of counterarguments
     17.Identifies limitations of own arguments
     18.Identifies limitations of counterarguments
     19.Provides a concluding statement that follows from the general argument