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Topic: Oral composition and presentation 

Engineering Education

 Standard 14.  Uses the design process to solve problems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of verbal and graphic techniques to present conclusions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses a variety of verbal techniques to present conclusions

Language Arts

 Standard 8.  Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 9.Creates or acts out familiar stories, songs, rhymes, and plays in play activities
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Creates stories in play activities
     2.Creates songs in play activities
     3.Creates rhymes in play activities
     4.Creates plays in play activities
     5.Acts out familiar stories in play activities
     6.Acts out familiar songs in play activities
     7.Acts out familiar rhymes in play activities
     8.Acts out familiar plays in play activities
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Uses different voice level, phrasing, and intonation for different situations (e.g., small group settings, informal discussions, reports to the class)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses different voice levels for different speaking situations
     2.Uses different phrasing for different speaking situations
     3.Uses different intonation for different speaking situations
     6.Uses appropriate voice level, phrasing, and intonation for class reports
   Benchmark 7.Recites and responds to familiar stories, poems, and rhymes with patterns (e.g., relates information to own life; describes character, setting, plot)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Recites familiar stories
     2.Recites familiar poems
     3.Recites familiar rhymes with patterns
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Makes basic oral presentations to class (e.g., uses subject-related information and vocabulary; includes content appropriate to the audience; relates ideas and observations; incorporates visual aids or props; incorporates several sources of information)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses subject-related information in oral presentations
     2.Uses subject-related vocabulary in oral presentations
     3.Includes content appropriate to audience in oral presentations
     4.Relates ideas in oral presentations
     5.Relates observations in oral presentations
     6.Incorporates visual aids or props in oral presentations
     7.Incorporates sources of information
   Benchmark 10.Organizes ideas for oral presentations (e.g., uses an introduction and conclusion; uses notes or other memory aids; organizes ideas around major points, in sequence, or chronologically; uses traditional structures, such as cause-and-effect, similarity and difference, posing and answering a question; uses details, examples, and anecdotes to clarify information)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses an introduction in oral presentations
     2.Uses a conclusion in oral presentations
     3.Uses notes for oral presentations appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Uses memory aids for oral presentations
     5.Organizes ideas around major points in a sequence in oral presentations
     6.Organizes ideas around major points chronologically in oral presentations
     7.Uses traditional structures to organize ideas in oral presentations
     9.Uses similarity to organize ideas in oral presentations
     10.Uses differences to organize ideas in oral presentations
     11.Poses and answers questions as a method of organizing ideas in oral presentations
     12.Uses details to clarify ideas in oral presentations
     14.Uses examples to clarify ideas in oral presentations
     15.Uses anecdotes to clarify information in oral presentations
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Makes oral presentations to the class (e.g., uses notes and outlines; uses organizational pattern that includes preview, introduction, body, transitions, conclusion; uses a clear point of view; uses evidence and arguments to support opinions; uses visual media)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Uses outlines for oral presentations
     3.Uses organizational pattern that includes a preview in oral presentations
     4.Uses organizational pattern that includes an introduction in oral presentations
     5.Uses organizational pattern that includes a body in oral presentations
     6.Uses organizational pattern that includes transitions in oral presentations
     7.Uses organizational pattern that includes a conclusion in oral presentations
     8.Uses a clear point of view in oral presentations
     9.Uses evidence to support opinions in oral presentations
     10.Uses arguments to support opinions in oral presentations
     11.Uses visual media in oral presentations appropriate to grades 6-8
   Benchmark 7.Uses appropriate verbal and nonverbal techniques for oral presentations (e.g., inflection/modulation of voice, tempo, word choice, grammar, feeling, expression, tone, volume, enunciation, physical gestures, body movement, eye contact, posture)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     4.Uses appropriate grammar in oral presentations
     5.Uses feeling in oral presentations
     6.Uses expression in oral presentations
     9.Uses enunciation appropriate to grades 6-8 in oral presentations
     11.Uses body movement in oral presentations
     12.Uses eye contact appropriate to grades 6-8 in oral presentations
   Benchmark 8.Evaluates strategies used by speakers in oral presentations (e.g., persuasive techniques, verbal messages supported by nonverbal techniques, effect of word choice, use of slanted or biased material)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates persuasive techniques used in oral presentations
     2.Evaluates verbal messages supported by nonverbal techniques
     3.Evaluates effect of word choice used in oral presentations
     4.Evaluates uses of slanted or biased material in oral presentations
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses criteria to evaluate own and others’ effectiveness in group discussions and formal presentations (e.g., accuracy, relevance, and organization of information; clarity of delivery; relationships among purpose, audience, and content; types of arguments used; effectiveness of own contributions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Evaluates own effectiveness in formal presentations
     4.Evaluates others’ effectiveness in formal presentations
     5.Evaluates effectiveness based on accuracy of information
     6.Evaluates effectiveness based on relevance of information
     7.Evaluates effectiveness based on organization of information
     8.Evaluates effectiveness based on clarity of delivery
     9.Evaluates effectiveness based on relationships among purpose, audience, and content
     10.Evaluates effectiveness of types of arguments used
   Benchmark 4.Adjusts message wording and delivery to particular audiences (e.g., uses standard English for formal audiences) and for particular purposes (e.g., to defend a position, to entertain, to inform, to persuade)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Adjusts message wording to the particular audience
     2.Adjusts delivery to the particular audience
     3.Uses standard English for formal audiences
     4.Adjusts message wording to the particular purpose
     5.Adjusts delivery to the particular purpose
     6.Adjusts message to defend a position
     7.Adjusts message to entertain
     8.Adjusts message to inform
     9.Adjusts message to persuade
   Benchmark 5.Makes formal presentations to the class (e.g., includes definitions for clarity; supports main ideas using anecdotes, examples, statistics, analogies, and other evidence; uses visual aids or technology, such as transparencies, slides, electronic media; cites information sources)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Includes definitions for clarity
     2.Supports main ideas using anecdotes
     3.Supports main ideas using examples
     4.Supports main ideas using statistics
     5.Supports main ideas using analogies
     6.Supports main ideas using other evidence
     7.Uses visual aids appropriate to 9-12
     8.Uses technology
     9.Uses transparencies
     10.Uses slides
     11.Uses electronic media
   Benchmark 6.Makes multimedia presentations using text, images, and sound (e.g., selects the appropriate medium, such as television broadcast, videos, web pages, films, newspapers, magazines, CD-ROMS, Internet, computer-media-generated images ; edits and monitors for quality; organizes, writes, and designs media messages for specific purposes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes multimedia presentations using text
     2.Makes multimedia presentations using images
     3.Makes multimedia presentations using sound
     4.Selects appropriate medium
     5.Selects television broadcasts for specific purposes
     6.Selects videos for specific purposes
     7.Selects Web pages for specific purposes
     8.Selects films for specific purposes
     9.Selects newspapers for specific purposes
     10.Selects magazines for specific purposes
     11.Selects CD-ROMS for specific purposes
     12.Selects Internet for specific purposes
     13.Selects computer-media-generated images for specific purposes
     14.Edits multimedia presentations for quality
     15.Monitors multimedia presentations for quality
     16.Organizes media messages for specific purposes
     17.Writes media messages for specific purposes
     18.Designs media messages for specific purposes
   Benchmark 7.Uses a variety of verbal and nonverbal techniques for presentations (e.g., modulation of voice; varied inflection; tempo; enunciation; physical gestures; rhetorical questions; word choice, including figurative language, informal usage, technical language) and demonstrates poise and self-control while presenting
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses verbal techniques for presentations
     2.Uses nonverbal techniques for presentations
     4.Uses varied inflection
     9.Uses rhetorical questions
     10.Uses figurative language in oral presentations
     11.Uses informal usage
     12.Uses technical usage
     13.Demonstrates poise while presenting
     14.Demonstrates self control while presenting
   Benchmark 8.Responds to questions and feedback about contributions to discussions and formal presentations (e.g., clarifies and defends ideas, expands on a topic, uses logical arguments, modifies organization, sets goals for future presentations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Responds to questions about formal presentations
     2.Responds to feedback about formal presentations
     5.Clarifies ideas
     6.Defends ideas
     7.Expands on topic
     8.Uses logical arguments
     9.Modifies organization
     11.Sets goals for future presentations