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Topic: Literary genres 

Language Arts

 Standard 6.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of literary texts
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   Benchmark 4.Knows the difference between fact and fiction, real and make-believe
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that a factual account is real and true
     2.Knows that a fictional account is not real or true
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Reads a variety of familiar literary passages and texts (e.g., fairy tales, folktales, fiction, nonfiction, legends, fables, myths, poems, nursery rhymes, picture books, predictable books)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Reads fairy tales appropriate to grades K-2
     2.Reads folktales appropriate to grades K-2
     3.Reads fiction appropriate to grades K-2
     4.Reads nonfiction appropriate to grades K-2
     5.Reads legends
     6.Reads poems appropriate to grades K-2
     7.Reads fables appropriate to grades K-2
     8.Reads myths appropriate to K-2
     9.Reads nursery rhymes
     10.Reads picture books
     11.Reads predictable books
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Reads a variety of literary passages and texts (e.g., fairy tales, folktales, fiction, nonfiction, myths, poems, fables, fantasies, historical fiction, biographies, autobiographies, chapter books)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Reads fairy tales appropriate to grades 3-5
     2.Reads folktales appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Reads fiction appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Reads nonfiction appropriate to grades 3-5
     5.Reads myths appropriate to grades 3-5
     6.Reads poems appropriate to grades 3-5
     7.Reads fables appropriate to grades 3-5
     8.Reads fantasies appropriate to grades 3-5
     9.Reads historical fiction appropriate to grades 3-5
     10.Reads biographies appropriate to grades 3-5
     11.Reads autobiographies appropriate to grades 3-5
     12.Reads chapter books
   Benchmark 2.Knows the defining characteristics (e.g., rhyme and rhythm in poetry; settings and dialogue in drama; make believe in folktales and fantasies; life stories in biography; illustrations in children’s stories) and structural elements (e.g., chapter, scene, stanza, verse, meter) of a variety of literary genres
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the defining characteristics of a variety of literary genres
     2.Knows the defining structural elements of a variety of literary genres
     3.Knows the defining characteristics of poems appropriate to grades 3-5
     4.Knows that rhyme is a defining characteristics of poetry
     5.Knows that rhythm is a defining characteristic of poetry
     6.Knows the defining characteristics of dramas appropriate to grades 3-5
     7.Understands setting as a defining characteristic of drama
     8.Understands dialogue as a defining characteristic of drama
     9.Knows the defining characteristics of folktales appropriate to grades 3-5
     10.Understands that make believe is a defining characteristic of folktales
     11.Knows the defining characteristics of fantasies appropriate to grades 3-5
     12.Understands that make believe is a defining characteristic of fantasies
     13.Knows the defining characteristics of biographies appropriate to grades 3-5
     14.Knows that life stories are the defining characteristic of biographies
     15.Knows that illustrations are a defining characteristic of children’s stories
     16.Knows that the chapter is a structural element in literary genres
     17.Knows that scenes are a structural element of literary genres
     18.Knows that stanzas are a structural element of literary genres
     19.Knows that verses are a structural element of poetry
     20.Knows that meter is a structural element of poetry
   Benchmark 4.Understands similarities and differences within and among literary works from various genre and cultures (e.g., in terms of settings, character types, events, point of view; role of natural phenomena)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands similarities among literary works from various genres
     2.Understands differences among literary works from various genres
     3.Understands similarities within literary works from a particular culture
     4.Understands similarities among literary works from various cultures
     5.Understands differences within literary works from a particular culture
     6.Understands differences among literary works from various cultures
     7.Understands similarities in literary works in terms of events
     8.Understands similarities in literary works in terms of character types
     9.Understands similarities in literary works in terms of point of views
     10.Understands similarities in literary works in terms of settings
     11.Understands similarities in literary works in terms of role of natural phenomena
     12.Understands differences in literary works in terms of settings
     13.Understands differences in literary works in terms of character types
     14.Understands differences in literary works in terms of events
     15.Understands differences in literary works in terms of point of views
     16.Understands differences in literary works in terms of role of natural phenomena
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Reads a variety of literary passages and texts (e.g., fiction, nonfiction, myths, poems, fantasies, biographies, autobiographies, science fiction, historical fiction, drama)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Reads drama appropriate to grades 6-8
     2.Reads science fiction appropriate to grades 6-8
     3.Reads biographies appropriate to grades 6-8
     4.Reads fiction appropriate to 6-8
     5.Reads nonfiction appropriate to 6-8
     6.Reads mythology appropriate to 6-8
     7.Reads poetry appropriate to 6-8
     8.Reads fantasies appropriate to grades 6-8
     9.Reads autobiographies appropriate to grades 6-8
     10.Reads historical fiction appropriate to grades 6-8
   Benchmark 2.Knows the defining features(e.g., setting in science fiction, soliloquy and stage directions in drama, conflict in narratives, perspective in biographies and autobiographies) and structural elements (e.g., chapter, act, scene, stanza) of a variety of literary genres
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the defining features of a variety of literary genres
     2.Knows structural elements of a variety of literary genres
     3.Knows the defining features of science fiction appropriate to 6-8
     4.Understands the role of setting as a defining feature of science fiction
     5.Knows the defining features of drama
     6.Understands the soliloquy as a defining feature of drama
     7.Understands stage directions as a defining feature of drama
     8.Knows the defining features of a narrative
     9.Understands conflict as a defining feature of narratives
     10.Knows the defining features of biographies appropriate to 6-8
     11.Understands perspective as a defining feature of biography
     12.Knows the defining features of autobiographies appropriate to 6-8
     13.Understands perspective as a defining feature of autobiography
     14.Knows the structural elements of narratives appropriate to 6-8
     15.Knows that chapters are a structural element of narratives
     16.Knows the structural elements of dramas
     17.Knows that acts are a structural element of dramas
     18.Knows that scenes are a structural element of dramas
     19.Knows the structural elements of poems appropriate to 6-8
     20.Knows that stanzas are a structural element of poems
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Reads a variety of literary texts (e.g., fiction, nonfiction, myths, poems, biographies, autobiographies, science fiction, supernatural tales, satires, parodies, plays, American literature, British literature, world and ancient literature)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Reads fiction appropriate to 9-12
     2.Reads nonfiction appropriate to 9-12
     3.Reads myths appropriate to 9-12
     4.Reads biographies appropriate to grades 9-12
     5.Reads poems appropriate to 9-12
     6.Reads autobiographies appropriate to grades 9-12
     7.Reads science fiction appropriate to grades 9-12
     8.Reads drama appropriate to grades 9-12
     9.Reads supernatural tales
     10.Reads satires
     11.Reads parodies
     12.Reads plays
     13.Reads ancient literature
     14.Reads American literature
     15.Reads British literature
     16.Reads world literature
   Benchmark 2.Knows the defining characteristics of a variety of literary forms and genres (e.g.,the dramatic elements of staging, breaking the fourth wall, expressionism, minimalism, and dramatic irony; the syntax, narrative structure, people/nature relationships, and male/female roles used in mythic traditions; the range of poem structures, such as fixed and free forms, rhymed and unrhymed, narrative and lyric)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows defining characteristics of a variety of literary forms
     2.Knows defining characteristics of a variety of literary genres
     3.Knows the defining characteristics of dramatic literature appropriate to 9-12
     4.Understands the dramatic element of staging
     5.Understands the dramatic element of breaking the fourth wall
     6.Understands the dramatic element of expressionism
     7.Understands the dramatic element of minimalism
     8.Understands the element of dramatic irony
     9.Knows the defining characteristics of myths appropriate to 9-12
     10.Understands the syntax used in mythic traditions
     11.Understands the narrative structure of mythic traditions
     12.Understands the relationship between people an nature used in mythic traditions
     13.Understands the male and female roles used in mythic traditions
     14.Knows the defining characteristics of poems appropriate to 9-12
     15.Understands the structure of fixed forms of poetry
     16.Understands the structure of free forms of poetry
     17.Understands the structure of rhymed forms of poetry
     18.Understands the structure of unrhymed forms of poetry
     19.Understands the structure of narrative forms of poetry
     20.Understands the structure of lyric forms of poetry
 Standard 9.  Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 9.Understands how literary forms can be represented in visual narratives (e.g., allegory, parable, analogy, satire, narrative style, characterization, irony)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands irony
     2.Understands allegory
     3.Understands parable
     4.Understands analogy
     5.Understands satire
     6.Understands the use of narrative style to influence an audience
     7.Understands characterization