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Topic: Informative writing 

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 6.Uses writing and other methods (e.g., using letters or phonetically spelled words, telling, dictating, making lists) to describe familiar persons, places, objects, or experiences
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses writing to describe familiar persons
     2.Uses writing to describe familiar places
     3.Uses writing to describe familiar objects
     4.Uses writing to describe familiar experiences
     5.Uses letters to describe familiar persons
     6.Uses letters to describe familiar places
     7.Uses letters to describe familiar objects
     8.Uses letters to describe familiar experiences
     9.Uses phonetically spelled words to describe familiar persons
     10.Uses phonetically spelled words to describe familiar places
     11.Uses phonetically spelled words to describe familiar objects
     12.Uses phonetically spelled words to describe familiar experiences
     13.Makes lists to describe familiar persons
     14.Makes lists to describe familiar places
     15.Makes lists to describe familiar objects
     16.Makes lists to describe familiar experiences
     17.Dictates descriptions of familiar persons
     18.Dictates descriptions of familiar places
     19.Dictates descriptions of familiar objects
     20.Dictates descriptions of familiar experiences
   Benchmark 7.Writes in a variety of forms or genres (e.g., picture books, friendly letters, stories, poems, information pieces, invitations, personal experience narratives, messages, responses to literature, opinion pieces)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Writes in a variety of forms
     2.Writes in a variety of genres
     3.Writes picture books
     4.Writes friendly letters
     5.Writes stories appropriate to grades K-2
     6.Writes poems
     7.Writes information pieces
     8.Writes invitations
     9.Writes narratives of personal experiences
     10.Writes messages
     11.Writes in response to literature
     12.Writes opinion pieces
   Benchmark 8.Writes for different purposes (e.g., to entertain, inform, learn, communicate ideas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Writes in order to entertain
     2.Writes in order to inform
     3.Writes in order to learn
     4.Writes in order to communicate ideas
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 7.Writes expository compositions (e.g., identifies and stays on the topic; develops the topic with simple facts, concrete details, examples, definitions, quotations, and explanations; uses domain-specific or content area vocabulary; excludes extraneous and inappropriate information; uses logical organizing structures such as cause-and-effect, chronology, similarities and differences; uses several sources of information; provides a concluding statement)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Identifies the topic for writing
     2.Stays on the topic in writing
     3.Develops the topic with simple facts
     4.Develops the topic with details
     5.Develops the topic with examples
     6.Develops the topic with definitions
     7.Develops the topic with quotations
     8.Develops the topic with explanations
     9.Excludes extraneous information
     10.Excludes inappropriate information
     11.Uses informational structures
     12.Uses cause-and-effect structures to organize ideas in oral presentations
     13.Uses chronology to structure writing
     14.Uses similarities to structure writing
     15.Uses differences to structure writing
     16.Uses several sources of information
     17.Provides a concluding statement
   Benchmark 12.Writes personal letters (e.g., includes the date, address, greeting, body and closing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Includes signature
     2.Writes personal letters including date
     3.Writes personal letters including address
     4.Writes personal letters including greeting
     5.Writes personal letters including body
     6.Writes personal letters including closing
     7.Addresses envelopes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 6.Writes expository compositions (e.g., states a thesis or purpose; presents information that reflects knowledge about the topic of the report; organizes and presents information in a logical manner, including an introduction and conclusion; uses own words to develop ideas; uses common expository structures and features, such as compare-contrast or problem-solution)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.States a thesis in expository writing
     2.States a purpose for expository writing
     3.Presents information that reflects knowledge about the topic of the report
     4.Organizes information in a logical manner in expository writing
     5.Presents information in a logical manner in expository writing
     6.Includes an introduction in expository writing
     7.Includes a conclusion in expository writing
     8.Uses own words to develop ideas in expository writing
     9.Uses common expository structures
     10.Uses common expository features
     11.Uses a compare-contrast structure in expository writing
     12.Uses a problem-solution structure in expository writing
   Benchmark 11.Writes compositions that address problems/solutions (e.g., identifies and defines a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience, describes at least one solution, presents logical and well-supported reasons)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Presents well-supported reasons
     2.Identifies a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience
     3.Defines a problem in a way appropriate to the intended audience
     4.Describes solutions to the problem
     5.Presents logical reasons
   Benchmark 13.Writes business letters and letters of request and response (e.g., uses business letter format; states purpose of the letter; relates opinions, problems, requests, or compliments; uses precise vocabulary)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Writes business letters
     2.Writes letters of request
     3.Writes letters of response
     4.Uses a business letter format
     5.States purpose of letter
     6.Relates opinions in letter
     7.Relates problems in letter
     8.Relates requests in letter
     9.Relates compliments in letter
     10.Uses precise vocabulary in letter
   Benchmark 14.Writes technical text, such as bylaws for an organization (e.g., identifies essential steps in a logical sequence; lists materials or equipment needed; describes all factors and variables that need to be considered; uses appropriate formatting)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses appropriate formatting
     2.Can write bylaws for an organization
     3.Identifies essential steps in logical sequence
     4.Lists materials needed
     5.Lists equipment needed
     6.Describes all factors that need to be considered
     7.Describes all variables that need to be considered
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 7.Writes expository compositions (e.g., synthesizes and organizes information from first- and second-hand sources, including books, magazines, computer data banks, and the community; uses a variety of techniques to develop the main idea [names, describes, or differentiates parts; compares or contrasts; uses cause-and-effect reasoning; examines the history of a subject; cites an anecdote to provide an example; illustrates through a scenario; provides interesting facts about the subject]; distinguishes relative importance of facts, data, and ideas; uses domain-specific vocabulary, such as appropriate technical terms and notations; provides concluding statement that articulates implications or significance of the topic)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Synthesizes information from first-hand sources
     2.Synthesizes information from second-hand sources
     3.Organizes information from first-hand sources
     4.Organizes information from second-hand sources
     5.Synthesizes information from books
     6.Synthesizes information from magazines
     7.Synthesizes information from computer data bank
     8.Synthesizes information from community
     9.Organizes information from books
     10.Organizes information from magazines
     11.Organizes information from computer data banks
     12.Organizes information from community
     13.Uses techniques to develop the main idea
     14.Names parts to develop main idea
     15.Describes parts to develop main idea
     16.Differentiates parts to develop main idea
     17.Compares to develop main idea
     18.Contrasts to develop main idea
     19.Uses cause-and-effect reasoning to develop main idea
     20.Examines the history of a subject to develop the main idea
     21.Cites anecdotes to provide an example
     22.Illustrates through scenario
     23.Provides interesting facts about subject
     24.Distinguishes relative importance of facts
     25.Distinguishes relative importance of data
     26.Distinguishes relative importance of ideas
     27.Uses domain-specific vocabulary
     28.Uses appropriate technical terms
     29.Uses appropriate notations
     30.Provides a concluding statement that articulates implications or significance of a topic
   Benchmark 13.Uses appropriate strategies (e.g., organizational pattern, format, language, tone) to write personal and business correspondence (e.g., informal letters, memos, job application letters, resumes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses strategies to write personal correspondence
     2.Uses strategies to write business correspondence
     3.Uses organizational patterns to write personal correspondence
     4.Uses format to write personal correspondence
     5.Uses appropriate language to write personal correspondence
     6.Uses appropriate tone to write personal correspondence
     7.Uses organizational pattern to write business correspondence
     8.Uses format to write business correspondence
     9.Uses appropriate language to write business correspondence
     10.Uses appropriate tone to write business correspondence
     11.Writes informal letters
     12.Writes memos
     13.Writes job application letters
     14.Writes resumes
 Standard 7.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of informational texts
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes information found in texts (e.g., retells in own words)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Retells information from texts in own words
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 5.Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., includes the main idea and significant supporting details of a reading selection)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes information in texts appropriate to grades 3-5
     2.Paraphrases information in texts appropriate to grades 3-5
     3.Includes main idea when summarizing or paraphrasing a reading selection
     4.Includes supporting details when summarizing or paraphrasing information
   Benchmark 7.Understands structural patterns or organization in informational texts (e.g., chronological, logical, or sequential order; compare-and-contrast; cause-and-effect; proposition and support)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands structural patterns in informational text
     2.Understands the organization of informational text
     3.Understands the use of chronological order in informational texts
     4.Understands the use of logical order in informational texts
     5.Understands the use of sequential order in informational texts
     6.Understands the use of compare-and-contrast in informational texts
     7.Understands the use of cause-and-effect in informational texts
     8.Understands the use of proposition and support patterns in informational texts
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes and paraphrases information in texts (e.g., arranges information in chronological or sequential order; conveys main ideas, critical details, and underlying meaning; uses own words or quoted materials; preserves author’s perspective and voice)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes information in texts appropriate to grades 6-8
     2.Paraphrases information in texts appropriate to grades 6-8
     3.Arranges information in chronological order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     4.Arranges information in logical order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     5.Arranges information in sequential order when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     6.Conveys main ideas when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     7.Conveys critical details when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     8.Conveys underlying meaning when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     9.Uses own words when paraphrasing information
     10.Uses quoted materials when summarizing information
     11.Preserves authors perspective when summarizing or paraphrasing information
     12.Preserves authors voice when summarizing or paraphrasing information
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Summarizes and paraphrases complex, implicit hierarchic structures in informational texts (e.g., the introduction and development of central ideas, the relationships among concepts and details)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Summarizes complex informational texts
     2.Paraphrases complex informational texts
     3.Summarizes implicit hierarchic structures in informational text
     4.Paraphrases implicit hierarchic structures in informational text
     5.Summarizes relationships among the concepts and details in text structures
     6.Paraphrases relationships among the concepts and details in structures
     7.Summarizes the introduction of central ideas
     8.Paraphrases the introduction of central ideas
     9.Summarizes the development of central ideas
     10.Paraphrases the introduction of central ideas