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Topic: Critically evaluating written/spoken texts and visual media 

Arts and Communication

 Standard 2.  Knows and applies appropriate criteria to arts and communication products
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the process of critiquing one’s own work and the work of others (e.g., making choices, forming judgments, expressing preferences based on personal and art criticism criteria)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the process of critiquing one’s own work
     2.Understands the process of critiquing the work of others
     3.Understands the role of making choices in the process of critiquing one’s own work and the work of others
     4.Understands the role of forming judgments in the process of critiquing one’s own work and the work of others
     5.Understands the role of expressing preferences based on personal criteria in the process of critiquing one’s own work and the work of others
     6.Understands the role of expressing preferences based on art criticism criteria in the process of critiquing one’s own work and the work of others
   Benchmark 3.Knows ways in which to evaluate the sincerity and credibility of various media messages and productions (e.g., detect gender and ethnic bias; compare print and non-print versions of the same story, assess facts of news media for completeness, bias, accuracy and relevance; detect emotional appeals and propaganda devices; evaluating ad campaigns for various products)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways to evaluate the sincerity of various media messages
     2.Knows ways to evaluate the sincerity of various media productions
     3.Knows ways to evaluate the credibility of various media messages
     4.Knows ways to evaluate the credibility of various media productions
     5.Knows how to detect gender bias in various media messages and productions
     6.Knows how to detect ethnic bias in various media messages and productions
     7.Knows how to compare print and non-print versions of the same story
     8.Knows how to assess facts of news media for completeness
     9.Knows how to assess facts of news media for bias
     10.Knows how to assess facts of news media for accuracy
     11.Knows how to assess facts of news media for relevance
     12.Knows how to detect emotional appeals in various media messages and productions
     13.Knows how to detect propaganda devices in various media messages and productions
     14.Knows how to evaluate ad campaigns for various products
 Standard 3.  Uses critical and creative thinking in various arts and communication settings
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the role of criticism and revision in the arts and communication
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of criticism in the arts
     2.Understands the role of criticism in communication
     3.Understands the role of revision in the arts

Language Arts

 Standard 1.  Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 4.Evaluates own and others’ writing (e.g., asks questions and makes comments about writing, helps classmates apply grammatical and mechanical conventions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     5.Helps classmates apply grammatical conventions
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 4.Evaluates own and others’ writing (e.g., determines the best features of a piece of writing, determines how own writing achieves its purposes, asks for feedback, responds to classmates’ writing)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Determines the best features of a piece of writing
     4.Determines how own writing achieves its purposes
     5.Asks for feedback
     6.Responds to classmates’ writing
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 4.Evaluates own and others’ writing (e.g., applies criteria generated by self and others, uses self-assessment to set and achieve goals as a writer, participates in peer response groups)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Applies writing criteria generated by self
     4.Applies writing criteria generated by others
     5.Uses self-assessment to set and achieve goals as writer
     7.Participates in peer response writing groups
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Evaluates own and others’ writing (e.g., accumulates a body of written work to determine strengths and weaknesses as a writer, makes suggestions to improve writing, responds productively to reviews of own work)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     3.Accumulates a body of written work to determine strengths as a writer
     4.Accumulates a body of written work to determine weaknesses as a writer
     5.Makes suggestions to improve writing
   Benchmark 12.Writes in response to literature (e.g., suggests an interpretation; recognizes possible ambiguities, nuances, and complexities in a text; interprets passages of a novel in terms of their significance to the novel as a whole; focuses on the theme of a literary work; explains concepts found in literary works; examines literature from several critical perspectives; understands author’s stylistic devices and effects created; analyzes use of imagery and language)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Suggests interpretation of literature
     3.Recognizes ambiguities in literature
     4.Recognizes nuances in literature
     5.Recognizes complexities in literature
     6.Interprets passages of novels in terms of significance to the whole novel
     8.Explains concepts found in literary works
     9.Examines literature from several critical perspectives
 Standard 4.  Gathers and uses information for research purposes
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate the validity, reliability, and usefulness of primary and secondary source information (e.g., the motives and perspectives of the author; credibility of author and sources; date of publication; use of logic, propaganda, bias, and language; comprehensiveness of evidence; strengths and limitations of the source relative to audience and purpose)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses criteria to evaluate the validity of primary source information
     2.Uses criteria to evaluate the validity of secondary source information
     3.Uses criteria to evaluate the reliability of primary source information
     4.Uses criteria to evaluate the reliability of secondary source information
     5.Uses criteria to evaluate the usefulness of primary source information
     6.Uses criteria to evaluate the usefulness of secondary source information
     7.Evaluates author’s motives to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     8.Evaluates author’s perspective to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     9.Evaluates author’s credibility to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     10.Uses date of publication to evaluate the validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     11.Evaluates the use of logic to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     12.Evaluates the use of propaganda to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     13.Evaluates author’s bias to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     14.Evaluates author’s use of language to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     15.Evaluates comprehensiveness of evidence to determine validity, reliability, and usefulness of a source
     16.Evaluates the strengths of a source relative to audience
     17.Evaluates the limitations of a source relative to audience
     18.Evaluates the strengths of a source relative to purpose
     19.Evaluates the limitations of a source relative to purpose
 Standard 6.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of literary texts
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 10.Uses language and perspectives of literary criticism to evaluate literary works (e.g., evaluates aesthetic qualities of style, such as diction, tone, theme, mood; identifies ambiguities, subtleties, and incongruities in the text; compares reviews of literature, film, and performances with own response; cites textual evidence to support analysis, including inferences drawn from the text; analyzes multiple interpretations of a subject, scene, or entire literary work, including their relationship to the source)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses language of literary criticism to evaluate literary works
     2.Uses perspectives of literary criticism to evaluate literary works
     3.Evaluates aesthetic qualities of style
     4.Evaluates aesthetic qualities of tone
     5.Evaluates aesthetic qualities of diction
     6. Evaluates aesthetic qualities of theme
     7.Evaluates aesthetic qualities of mood
     8.Identifies ambiguities in text
     9.Identifies subtleties in text
     10.Identifies incongruities in text
     11.Compares reviews of literature with own response
     12.Compares reviews of film with own response
     13.Compares reviews of performances with own response
     14.Cites specific textual evidence to support analysis, including inferences drawn from the text
     15.Analyzes multiple interpretations of a subject
     16.Analyzes multiple interpretations of a scene
     17.Analyzes multiple interpretations of an entire literary work
     18.Analyzes the relationship of multiple interpretations of a literary work to the source text
 Standard 7.  Uses skills and strategies to read a variety of informational texts
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate the clarity and accuracy of information (e.g., author’s bias, author’s expertise, authenticity, clarity of purpose, consistency, effectiveness of organizational pattern, logic of arguments, validity of reasoning, sufficiency of evidence, propaganda techniques, authenticity, appeal to friendly or hostile audience, effective modes of persuasion)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses criteria to evaluate clarity of information
     2.Uses criteria to evaluate accuracy of information
     3.Evaluates author’s bias
     4.Evaluates author’s expertise
     5.Evaluates authenticity of information
     6.Evaluates clarity of purpose
     7.Evaluates consistency of information
     8.Evaluates effectiveness of organizational pattern
     9.Evaluates logic of arguments
     10.Evaluates validity of reasoning
     11.Evaluates sufficiency of evidence
     12.Evaluates propaganda techniques
     13.Evaluates appeal to friendly audience
     14.Evaluates appeal to hostile audience
     15.Evaluates effective modes of persuasion
 Standard 8.  Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 8.Evaluates strategies used by speakers in oral presentations (e.g., persuasive techniques, verbal messages supported by nonverbal techniques, effect of word choice, use of slanted or biased material)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates persuasive techniques used in oral presentations
     2.Evaluates verbal messages supported by nonverbal techniques
     3.Evaluates effect of word choice used in oral presentations
     4.Evaluates uses of slanted or biased material in oral presentations
   Benchmark 11.Understands speaker’s use of logic and evidence in verbal arguments (e.g., logical or faulty reasoning, logical fallacies, degree and quality of support for claims)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands speaker’s use of logic in verbal arguments
     2.Understands speaker’s use of evidence in verbal arguments
     3.Understands the use of logical reasoning in verbal arguments
     4.Understands the use of faulty reasoning in verbal arguments
     5.Understands the use of logical fallacies in verbal arguments
     6.Understands the degree of support for claims in verbal arguments
     7.Understands the quality of support for claims in verbal arguments
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses criteria to evaluate own and others’ effectiveness in group discussions and formal presentations (e.g., accuracy, relevance, and organization of information; clarity of delivery; relationships among purpose, audience, and content; types of arguments used; effectiveness of own contributions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates own effectiveness in group discussions
     2.Evaluates others’ effectiveness in group discussions
     3.Evaluates own effectiveness in formal presentations
     4.Evaluates others’ effectiveness in formal presentations
     5.Evaluates effectiveness based on accuracy of information
     6.Evaluates effectiveness based on relevance of information
     7.Evaluates effectiveness based on organization of information
     8.Evaluates effectiveness based on clarity of delivery
     9.Evaluates effectiveness based on relationships among purpose, audience, and content
     10.Evaluates effectiveness of types of arguments used
 Standard 9.  Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of criteria to evaluate and form viewpoints of visual media (e.g., evaluates the effectiveness of informational media, such as web sites, documentaries, news programs; recognizes a range of viewpoints and arguments; establishes criteria for selecting or avoiding specific programs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses criteria to evaluate and form viewpoints of visual media
     2.Evaluates effectiveness of informational media
     3.Evaluates web sites
     4.Evaluates documentaries
     5.Evaluates news programs
     6.Recognizes viewpoints in visual media
     7.Recognizes arguments in visual media
     8.Establishes criteria for selecting programs
     9.Establishes criteria for avoiding programs
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Uses a variety of criteria (e.g., clarity, accuracy, effectiveness, bias, relevance of facts) to evaluate informational media (e.g., web sites, documentaries, news programs)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Uses relevance of facts to evaluate web sites
     2.Uses criteria to evaluate new programs
     3.Uses criteria to evaluate documentaries
     4.Uses criteria to evaluate web sites
     5.Uses clarity to evaluate informational media
     6.Uses clarity to evaluate new programs
     7.Uses clarity to evaluate documentaries
     8.Uses clarity to evaluate web sites
     9.Uses accuracy to evaluate informational media
     10.Uses accuracy to evaluate new programs
     11.Uses accuracy to evaluate documentaries
     12.Uses accuracy to evaluate web sites
     13.Uses effectiveness to evaluate informational media
     14.Uses effectiveness to evaluate new programs
     15.Uses effectiveness to evaluate documentaries
     16.Uses effectiveness to evaluate web sites
     17.Uses bias to evaluate informational media
     18.Uses bias to evaluate new programs
     19.Uses bias to evaluate documentaries
     20.Uses bias to evaluate web sites
     21.Uses relevance of facts to evaluate informational media
     22.Uses relevance of facts to evaluate new programs
     23.Uses relevance of facts to evaluate documentaries