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Topic: Conversation and group discussion 

Language Arts

 Standard 8.  Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   Benchmark 1.Makes contributions in class and group discussions (e.g., reports on ideas and personal knowledge about a topic, initiates conversations, connects ideas and experiences with those of others)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Makes contributions in class discussions
     2.Makes contributions in group discussions
     3.Reports on ideas about a topic in class or group discussions
     4.Reports on personal knowledge about topic in class or group discussions
     5.Initiates class or group conversations
     6.Connects ideas with those of others in class or group discussions
     7.Connects experiences with those of others in class or group discussions
   Benchmark 2.Asks and responds to questions (e.g., about the meaning of a story, about the meaning of words or ideas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Asks questions to obtain information appropriate to grades K-2
     2.Responds to questions appropriate to grades K-2
     3.Asks questions about the meaning of a story
     4.Asks questions about the meaning of words
     6.Asks questions about the meaning of ideas
     7.Responds to questions about the meaning of a story
     8.Responds to questions about the meaning of words
     9.Responds to questions about the meaning of ideas
   Benchmark 3.Follows rules of conversation and group discussion (e.g., takes turns, raises hand to speak, stays on topic, focuses attention on speaker)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Focuses attention on speaker in conversations or group discussions
     2.Takes turns in conversations or group discussions
     3.Raises hand to speak in conversations or group discussions
     4.Stays on topic in conversations or group discussions
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Contributes to group discussions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows appropriate times to contribute to group discussions
     2.Knows appropriate ways to contribute to group discussions
   Benchmark 2.Asks questions in class (e.g., when he or she is confused, to seek others’ opinions and comments)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Asks questions if confused
     2.Seeks others opinions by asking questions
     3.Seeks others comments by asking questions
   Benchmark 3.Responds to questions and comments (e.g., gives reasons in support of opinions, responds to others’ ideas)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Answers questions appropriate to 3-5
     2.Responds to comments
     3.Gives reasons in support of opinions
     4.Responds to others’ ideas
   Benchmark 4.Listens to classmates and adults (e.g., does not interrupt, faces the speaker, asks questions, summarizes or paraphrases to confirm understanding, gives feedback, eliminates barriers to effective listening)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Listens to classmates
     2.Listens to adults
     3.Does not interrupt when listening
     4.Faces the speaker when listening
     5.Asks questions to obtain information appropriate to 3-5 from a speaker
     6.Summarizes to confirm understanding of a speakers message
     7.Paraphrases to confirm understanding of a speakers message
     8.Gives feedback to a speaker
     9.Eliminates barriers to effective listening
   Benchmark 14.Interprets the use of nonverbal cues used in conversation
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the meaning of a variety of verbal cues
     2.Knows the meaning of a variety of nonverbal cues
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 1.Plays a variety of roles in group discussions (e.g., critical listener, discussion leader, facilitator)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Plays the role of active listener in group discussions
     2.Plays the role of discussion leader or facilitator
   Benchmark 2.Asks questions to seek elaboration and clarification of ideas
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Asks questions to seek elaboration of ideas
     2.Asks questions to seek clarification of ideas
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Uses criteria to evaluate own and others’ effectiveness in group discussions and formal presentations (e.g., accuracy, relevance, and organization of information; clarity of delivery; relationships among purpose, audience, and content; types of arguments used; effectiveness of own contributions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Evaluates own effectiveness in group discussions
     2.Evaluates others’ effectiveness in group discussions
     3.Evaluates own effectiveness in formal presentations
     4.Evaluates others’ effectiveness in formal presentations
     5.Evaluates effectiveness based on accuracy of information
     6.Evaluates effectiveness based on relevance of information
     7.Evaluates effectiveness based on organization of information
     8.Evaluates effectiveness based on clarity of delivery
     9.Evaluates effectiveness based on relationships among purpose, audience, and content
     10.Evaluates effectiveness of types of arguments used
   Benchmark 2.Asks questions as a way to broaden and enrich classroom discussions
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows appropriate ways to pose a question during a discussion
     2.Knows that questions should be relevant to the topic of discussion
     3.Knows that questions can be used to clarify information or to elicit new information
   Benchmark 8.Responds to questions and feedback about contributions to discussions and formal presentations (e.g., clarifies and defends ideas, expands on a topic, uses logical arguments, modifies organization, sets goals for future presentations)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Responds to questions about formal presentations
     2.Responds to feedback about formal presentations
     3.Responds to questions about contributions to discussions
     4.Responds to feedback about contributions to discussions
     5.Clarifies ideas
     6.Defends ideas
     7.Expands on topic
     8.Uses logical arguments
     9.Modifies organization
     11.Sets goals for future presentations