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Topic: Types of territorial units 

World History

 Standard 20.  Understands the redefinition of European society and culture from 1000 to 1300 CE
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the rise of the city-state in Italy and northern Europe (e.g., how city-states differed from centralizing monarchies; common features and activities that allowed city-states such as Genoa, Venice, and Bruges to become commercial, financial, and economic leaders of Europe and maintain their independence)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the rise of the city state in Italy
     2.Understands the rise of the city state in northern Europe
     3.Understands how city states differed from centralizing monarchies
     4.Knows common features and activities that allowed city states such as Genoa, Venice, and Bruges to become commercial, financial, and economic leaders of Europe
     5.Knows common features and activities that allowed city states such as Genoa, Venice, and Bruges to maintain their independence
 Standard 45.  Understands major global trends since World War II
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the changing configuration of political boundaries in the world since 1900 and connections between nationalist ideology and the proliferation of sovereign states
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the changing configuration of political boundaries in the world since 1900
     2.Understands connections between nationalist ideology and the proliferation of sovereign states
 Standard 46.  Understands long-term changes and recurring patterns in world history
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the development of the nation-state and how nation-states differ from empires or other forms of political organization
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the development of the nation state

Geography

 Standard 13.  Understands the forces of cooperation and conflict that shape the divisions of Earth's surface
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the functions of political units (e.g., law-making, law enforcement, provision of services, powers of taxation) and how they differ on the basis of scale (e.g., precinct, census district, school attendance zone, township, metropolitan area, county, state, nation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows that law-making is a function of political units
     2.Knows that law enforcement is a function of political units
     3.Knows that the provision of services is a function of political units
     4.Knows that the power of taxation is a function of political units
     5.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the precinct level
     6.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the level of census district
     7.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the level of school attendance zone
     8.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the township level
     9.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the metropolis level
     10.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the county level
     11.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the state level
     12.Knows how the functions of political units differ at the national level
   Benchmark 2.Knows how and why people divide Earth's surface into political and/or economic units (e.g., states in the United States and Mexico; provinces in Canada; countries in North and South America; countries linked in cooperative relationships, such as the European Union)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how people divide Earth’s surface into political units
     2.Knows why people divide Earth’s surface into political units
     3.Knows how people divide Earth’s surface into economic units
     4.Knows why people divide Earth’s surface into economic units
     5.Understands the division of the states in the United States
     6.Understands the division of the states in Mexico
     7.Understands the division of the provinces in Canada
     8.Understands the division of countries in North America
     9.Understands the division of countries in South America
     10.Understands how countries are linked in cooperative relationships, such as the European Union
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   Benchmark 2.Knows the social, political, and economic divisions on Earth's surface at the local, state, national, and international levels (e.g., transnational corporations, political alliances, economic groupings, world religions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows social divisions on Earth’s surface at the local level
     2.Knows political divisions on Earth’s surface at the local level
     3.Knows economic divisions on Earth’s surface at the local level
     5.Knows political divisions on Earth’s surface at the state level
     6.Knows economic divisions on Earth’s surface at the state level
     7.Knows social divisions on Earth’s surface at the national level
     8.Knows political divisions on Earth’s surface at the national level
     9.Knows economic divisions on Earth’s surface at the national level
     10.Knows social divisions on Earth’s surface at the international level
     11.Knows political divisions on Earth’s surface at the international level
     12.Knows economic divisions on Earth’s surface at the international level
     13.Understands transnational corporations as an economic division on the Earth’s surface
     14.Understands political alliances as a political division on the Earth’s surface
     15.Understands economic groupings as an economic division of the Earth’s surface
     16.Understands world religions as a social division on the Earth’s surface
   Benchmark 3.Understands the various factors involved in the development of nation-states (e.g., competition for territory and resources, desire for self-rule, nationalism, history of domination by powerful countries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands competition for territory as a factor involved in the development of nation-states
     2.Understands competition for resources as a factor involved in the development of nation-states
     3.Understands the desire for self-rule as a factor involved in the development of nation-states
     4.Understands nationalism as a factor involved in the development of nation-states
     5.Understands the history of domination by powerful countries as a factor involved in the development of nation-states