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Topic: Tension and conflict in the contemporary world 

World History

 Standard 44.  Understands the search for community, stability, and peace in an interdependent world
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands instances of political conflict and terrorism in modern society (e.g., the changes continuing urban protest and reformist economic policies have caused in post-Mao China under authoritarian rule; the causes, consequences, and moral implications of mass killings or famine in different parts of the world; possible factors in modern society that facilitate politically motivated terrorism and random forms of violence; world events that gave rise to the 1989 movement in China and led to the Tiannamen Square protest, the government response to this movement, and the international reaction)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands instances of political conflict in modern society
     2.Understands instances of terrorism in modern society
     3.Understands the changes continuing urban protest and reformist economic policies have caused in post Mao China under authoritarian rule
     4.Understands the causes, consequences, and moral implications of mass killings in different parts of the world
     5.Understands the causes, consequences, and moral implications of famine in different parts of the world
     6.Understands possible factors in modern society that facilitate politically motivated terrorism and random forms of violence
     7.Knows world events that gave rise to the 1989 movement in China and led to the Tiannamen Square protest
     8.Understands the Chinese government’s response to the 1989 movement in China that led to the Tiannamen Square protest
     9.Understands international reactions to the Tiannamen Square protest
   Benchmark 5.Understands the definition of "fundamentalism," and the political objectives of militant religious movements in various countries of the world, as well as the social and economic factors that contribute to the growth of these movements
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the definition of "fundamentalism"
     2.Understands the political objectives of militant religious movements in various countries of the world
     3.Understands the social and economic factors that contribute to the growth of militant religious movements
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the role of ethnicity, cultural identity, and religious beliefs in shaping economic and political conflicts across the globe (e.g., why terrorist movements have proliferated and the extent of their impact on politics and society in various countries; the tensions and contradictions between globalizing trends of the world economy and assertions of traditional cultural identity and distinctiveness, including the challenges to the role of religion in contemporary society; the meaning of jihad and other Islamic beliefs that are relevant to military activity, how these compare to the Geneva Accords, and how such laws and principles apply to terrorist acts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of ethnicity in shaping economic and political conflicts across the globe
     2.Understands the role of cultural identity in shaping economic and political conflicts across the globe
     3.Understands the role of religious beliefs in shaping economic and political conflicts across the globe
     4.Knows why terrorist movements have proliferated and the extent of their impact on politics and society in various countries
     5.Understands the tensions and contradictions between globalizing trends of the world economy and assertions of traditional cultural identity and distinctiveness
     6.Knows the challenges to the role of religion in contemporary society
     7.Understands the meaning of jihad and other Islamic beliefs that are relevant to military activity, how these compare to the Geneva Accords, and how such laws and principles apply to terrorist acts
   Benchmark 7.Understands the impact of population pressure, poverty, and environmental degradation on the breakdown of state authority in various countries in the 1980s and 1990s, and international reaction to the deterioration of these states
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of population pressure on the breakdown of state authority in various countries in the 1980s and 1990s
     2.Understands the impact of poverty on the breakdown of state authority in various countries in the 1980s and 1990s
     3.Understands the impact of environmental degradation on the breakdown of state authority in various countries in the 1980s and 1990s
     5.Understands international reaction to the deterioration of state authorities in the 1980s and 1990s
   Benchmark 14.Understands how specific countries have implemented social and cultural changes (e.g., the different manifestations of China's contingency quest for a "new culture" throughout the 20th century, and what the Cultural Revolution meant for Chinese people in the late 1960s; models for family life, the economy, and social and political institutions suggested by modern Muslim intellectuals)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how specific countries have implemented social changes
     2.Understands how specific countries have implemented cultural changes
     3.Understands the different manifestations of China’s contingency quest for a "new culture" throughout the 20th century
     4.Understands what the Cultural Revolution meant for Chinese people in the late 1960s
     5.Knows models for family life, the economy, and social and political institutions suggested by modern Muslim intellectuals
   Benchmark 15.Understands "liberation theology" and the ideological conflicts that have surrounded this philosophy
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands "liberation theology"
     2.Understands the ideological conflicts that have surrounded the philosophy of liberation theology