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Topic: Technological, scientific, and intellectual achievements in 19th century Europe 

World History

 Standard 35.  Understands patterns of nationalism, state-building, and social reform in Europe and the Americas from 1830 to 1914
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the impact of cultural achievements on 19th-century Europe and America (e.g., movements in literature, music, and the visual arts, and ways in which they shaped or reflected social and cultural values)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of cultural achievements on 19th century Europe
     2.Understands the impact of cultural achievements on 19th century America
     3.Understands 19th century literary movements in Europe
     4.Understands 19th century literary movements in America
     5.Understands 19th century movements in music in Europe
     6.Understands 19th century movements in music in America
     7.Understands 19th century visual arts movements in Europe
     8.Understands 19th century visual arts movements in America
     9.Understands ways in which movements in literature, music, and the visual arts shaped or reflected social and cultural values in Europe
     10.Understands ways in which movements in literature, music, and the visual arts shaped or reflected social and cultural values in America
   Benchmark 5.Understands aspects of education in 19th-century Europe (e.g., aspects of the basic school day for male and female students in the 19th century; how significantly education, or lack thereof, affected the lives and prospects of 19th century Europeans; differences in the daily lives of children from working, middle class, and upper class families)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands aspects of the basic school day for male and female students in the 19th century
     2.Understands how significantly education, or lack thereof, affected the lives and prospects of 19th century Europeans
     3.Understands differences in the daily lives of children from working, middle class, and upper class families
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands social change and the emergence of new social class culture in 19th-century Europe (e.g., the elements of the distinctive middle-class and working class culture that developed in industrial Europe; how the average standard of living changed in Europe in the 19th century and the factors that accounted for this change; broad-ranging benefits and disadvantages of attending school for children from peasant, middle class, craft, and urban factory-working families)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the elements of the distinctive middle class and working class culture that developed in industrial Europe
     2.Understands how the average standard of living changed in Europe in the 19th century and the factors that accounted for this change
     3.Understands broad ranging benefits of attending school for children from peasant, middle class, craft, and urban factory working families
     4.Understands broad ranging disadvantages of attending school for children from peasant, middle class, craft, and urban factory working families
   Benchmark 7.Understands cultural trends in 19th-century Europe (e.g., how leisure activity and popular culture changed throughout the 19th century, activities associated with "high culture," types of entertainment that were open to the middle and working classes)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how leisure activity and popular culture changed in Europe throughout the 19th century
     2.Knows activities associated with "high culture" in 19th century Europe
     3.Knows types of entertainment that were open to the middle and working classes in 19th century Europe
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the status of education in 19th-century Europe (e.g., how expanded educational opportunities and literacy contributed to changes in European society and cultural life, what countries enacted compulsory education by the end of the 19th century, how school attendance figures were affected by the industrial age)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how expanded educational opportunities and literacy contributed to changes in 19th century European society and cultural life
     2.Knows which countries enacted compulsory education by the end of the 19th century
     3.Knows how school attendance figures were affected by the industrial age
   Benchmark 6.Understands the emergence of new social thought in the 19th century (e.g., ways in which trends in philosophy and the new social sciences challenged and reshaped traditional patterns of thought, religious understanding, and understanding of social organization)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows ways in which trends in philosophy and the new social sciences challenged and reshaped traditional patterns of thought
     2.Understands ways in which trends in philosophy and the new social sciences challenged and reshaped religious understanding
     3.Knows ways in which trends in philosophy and the new social sciences challenged and reshaped traditional patterns of social organization
   Benchmark 12.Understands sources that illustrate social conditions and cultural identity in 19th-century Europe (e.g., how primary sources such as diaries reflect the life experiences of middle and working class men and women in 19th-century Europe; the characteristics of popular, diverse 19th-century art styles, such as Romanticism, Realism, and Impressionism; how Europeans shaped their identity through their view of "other" peoples and cultures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands sources that illustrate social conditions in 19th century Europe
     2.Understands sources that illustrate cultural identity in 19th century Europe
     3.Understands how primary sources such as diaries reflect the life experiences of middle and working class men and women in 19th century Europe
     4.Knows the characteristics of popular, diverse 19th century art styles, such as Romanticism, Realism, and Impressionism
     5.Understands how Europeans shaped their identity through their view of "other" peoples and cultures
 Standard 36.  Understands patterns of global change in the era of Western military and economic dominance from 1800 to 1914
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the impact of new inventions and technological developments in various regions of the world (e.g., how new inventions transformed patterns of global communication, trade, and state power; how new machines, fertilizers, transport systems, and commercialization affected agricultural production; significant inventions and inventors in 19th-century Europe and America)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how new inventions transformed patterns of global communication
     2.Understands how new inventions transformed patterns of global trade
     3.Understands how new inventions transformed patterns of state power
     4.Understands how new machines, fertilizers, transport systems, and commercialization affected agricultural production
     5.Knows significant inventions and inventors in 19th century Europe and America
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands major developments in science and the industrial economy (e.g., the social significance of the work of scientists, including Maxwell, Darwin, and Pasteur; how new forms of generative power contributed to Europe's "second industrial revolution;" the role of the state in different countries in directing or encouraging industrialization; the social, economic, and cultural impact of the railroad)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major developments in science in the 19th century
     2.Understands major developments in the industrial economy in the 19th century
     3.Understands the social significance of the work of 19th century scientists, including Maxwell, Darwin, and Pasteur
     4.Knows how new forms of generative power contributed to Europe‚Äôs "second industrial revolution
     5.Knows the role of the state in different countries in directing or encouraging industrialization in the 19th century
     6.Understands the social, economic, and cultural impact of the railroad
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Knows the factors that transformed the character of cities in various parts of the world
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways in which science and technology changed cities between 1800-1914
     2.Understands the impact of industrialization on city life 1800-1914