Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Topic: Scope and human costs of World War II 

World History

 Standard 41.  Understands the causes and global consequences of World War II
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands influences on the outcome of World War II (e.g., the major turning points in the war; the principal theaters of conflict in Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, North Africa, Asia, and the Pacific; the political and diplomatic leadership of individuals such as Churchill, Roosevelt, Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major turning points in World War II
     2.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in Western Europe
     3.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in Eastern Europe
     4.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in the Soviet Union
     5.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in North Africa
     6.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in Asia
     7.Knows the principal theaters of conflict in the Pacific
     8.Understands the political and diplomatic leadership of Churchill during World War II
     9.Understands the political and diplomatic leadership of Roosevelt during World War II
     10.Understands the political and diplomatic leadership of Hitler during World War II
     11.Understands the political and diplomatic leadership of Mussolini during World War II
     12.Understands the political and diplomatic leadership of Stalin during World War II
   Benchmark 3.Understands the human costs of World War II (e.g., how and why the Nazi regime forged a "war against the Jews," and the devastation suffered by Jews and other groups in the Nazi Holocaust; social problems as a consequence of the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Nazi regime forged a "war against the Jews"
     2.Understands why the Nazi regime forged a "war against the Jews"
     3.Understands the devastation suffered by Jews and other groups in the Nazi Holocaust
     4.Knows social problems that resulted from World War II
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands events that led to the outbreak of World War II (e.g., the importance of the legacy of World War I, the depression, ethnic and ideological conflicts, imperialism, and traditional political or economic rivalries as underlying causes of World War II; the precipitating causes of the war and the reasons for early German and Japanese victories between 1939 and 1942; how Hitler capitalized on the despair of the German people to rise to power)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of the legacy of World War I as an underlying cause of World War II
     2.Understands the importance of the depression as an underlying cause of World War II
     3.Understands the importance of ethnic and ideological conflicts as an underlying cause of World War II
     4.Understands the importance of imperialism as an underlying cause of World War II
     5.Understands the importance of traditional political or economic rivalries as an underlying cause of World War II
     6.Knows the precipitating causes of World War II
     7.Knows the reasons for early German and Japanese victories between 1939 and 1942
     8.Understands how Hitler capitalized on the despair of the German people to rise to power
   Benchmark 3.Understands the influence of Nazism on European society and Jewish culture (e.g., European and Jewish resistance movements to the Nazis and their policies, discrepancies between Nazi public announcements concerning Jews and the actual experiences of Jews between 1941 and 1944)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the influence of Nazism on European society
     2.Understands the influence of Nazism on Jewish culture
     3.Knows European and Jewish resistance movements to the Nazis and their policies
     4.Knows discrepancies between Nazi public announcements concerning Jews and the actual experiences of Jews between 1941 and 1944
   Benchmark 4.Understands the impact of World War II on civilian populations and soldiers (e.g., the roles of women and children during the war and how they differed in Allied and Axis countries, the hardships of the war on soldiers from both sides)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of World War II on civilian populations
     2.Understands the impact of World War II on soldiers
     3.Knows the roles of women and children during the war in Allied countries
     4.Knows the roles of women and children during the war in Axis countries
     5.Understands the hardships of the war on soldiers from both sides
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands the Holocaust and its impact on Jewish culture and European society (e.g., the chronology of the Nazi "war on the Jews," and the geography and scale of Jewish deaths resulting from this policy; personal reasons for resistance to or compliance with Nazi policies and orders; the brutality of Nazi genocide in the Holocaust as revealed in personal stories of the victims)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Holocaust’s impact on Jewish culture
     2.Understands the Holocaust’s impact on European society
     3.Knows the chronology of the Nazi "war on the Jews"
     4.Understands the geography and scale of Jewish deaths resulting from the Nazi "war on Jews"
     5.Knows people’s personal reasons for resistance to or compliance with Nazi policies and orders
     6.Understands the brutality of Nazi genocide in the Holocaust as revealed in personal stories of the victims
   Benchmark 3.Understands the overall effect of World War II on various facets of society (e.g., the impact on industrial production, political goals, communication, national mobilization, technological innovations, and scientific research, and how these in turn made an impact upon war strategies, tactics, and levels of destruction; the consequences of World War II as a "total war")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the impact of World War II on industrial production
     2.Understands the impact of World War II on political goals
     3.Understands the impact of World War II on communication
     4.Understands the impact of World War II on national mobilization
     5.Understands the impact of World War II on technological innovations
     6.Understands the impact of World War II on scientific research,
     7.Understands influences on upon war strategies, tactics, and levels of destruction during World War II
     8.Understands the consequences of World War II as a "total war"
   Benchmark 8.Understands the climax and moral implications of World War II (e.g., the moral implications of military technologies and techniques used in the war, statistics of population displacement caused by the war, debates surrounding the use of the atomic bomb to end the war with Japan)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the climax of World War II
     2.Understands the moral implications of World War II
     3.Understands the moral implications of military technologies and techniques used in World War II
     4.Knows statistics of population displacement caused by the war
     5.Understands debates surrounding the use of the atomic bomb to end the war with Japan