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Topic: Renaissance, Reformation, and Catholic Reformation 

World History

 Standard 27.  Understands how European society experienced political, economic, and cultural transformations in an age of global intercommunication between 1450 and 1750
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands significant contributions of the Renaissance and Reformation to European society (e.g., major achievements in literature, music, painting, sculpture, and architecture in 16th-century Europe; the life and accomplishments of select figures from the Renaissance to the Reformation)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands significant contributions of the Renaissance to European society
     2.Understands significant contributions of the Reformation to European society
     3.Knows major achievements in literature in 16th century Europe
     4.Knows major achievements in music in 16th century Europe
     5.Knows major achievements in painting in 16th century Europe
     6.Knows major achievements in sculpture in 16th century Europe
     7.Knows major achievements in architecture in 16th century Europe
     8.Understands the lives and accomplishments of select figures from the Renaissance to the Reformation
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands significant social and cultural changes that took place during the Renaissance (e.g., advances in printing press technology, the connections between the Italian Renaissance and the development of Humanist ideals in Europe north of the Alps, positive and negative changes in the status of women during the Renaissance and Reformation, the legacy of Renaissance architecture, changes in European art and architecture between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands significant social changes that took place during the Renaissance
     2.Understands significant cultural changes that took place during the Renaissance
     3.Understands the significance of advances in printing press technology
     4.Understands the connections between the Italian Renaissance and the development of Humanist ideals in Europe north of the Alps
     5.Knows positive and negative changes in the status of women during the Renaissance and Reformation
     6.Understands the legacy of Renaissance architecture
     7.Understands changes in European art and architecture between the Middle Ages and the High Renaissance
   Benchmark 4.Understands origins of the Reformation and Catholic Reformation (e.g., why many Europeans were unhappy with the late medieval Catholic Church, and how the beliefs and ideas of leading Protestant reformers reflected this discontent; what the Catholic Reformation sought to achieve, and the effect of religious reforms and divisions on Europeans; the patterns of religious affiliation in Europe in the early 17th century and factors that led some populations to embrace the Protestant Reformation while others rejected it)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands origins of the Reformation
     2.Understands origins of the Catholic Reformation
     3.Knows why many Europeans were unhappy with the late medieval Catholic Church
     4.Understands how the beliefs and ideas of leading Protestant reformers reflected discontent among Europeans with the late medieval Catholic Church
     5.Knows what the Catholic Reformation sought to achieve
     6.Understands the effect of religious reforms and divisions on Europeans
     7.Understands the patterns of religious affiliation in Europe in the early 17th century
     8.Knows factors that led some populations to embrace the Protestant Reformation while others rejected it
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands causes and the major political, social, and economic consequences of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, and the legacy of these wars in modern Europe
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands causes of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries
     2.Understands the major political consequences of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries
     3.Understands the major social consequences of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries
     4.Understands the major economic consequences of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries
     5.Understands the legacy in modern Europe of the religious wars in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries
   Benchmark 7.Understands significant individuals and ideologies that emerged during the Renaissance and Reformation (e.g., the basic arguments in The Prince by Machiavelli; works of Renaissance writers and elements of Humanism in these works; individuals and factors that contributed to the revival of Greco-Roman art, architecture, and scholarship; differing ideas on women's roles in the Protestant household; social oppression and conflict in Europe during the Renaissance, as contrasted with humanist principles of the time)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows significant individuals that emerged during the Renaissance
     2.Knows significant individuals that emerged during the Reformation
     3.Knows significant ideologies that emerged during the Renaissance
     4.Knows significant ideologies that emerged during the Reformation
     5.Knows the basic arguments in The Prince by Machiavelli
     6.Knows works of Renaissance writers and elements of Humanism in these works
     7.Knows individuals and factors that contributed to the revival of Greco Roman art, architecture, and scholarship
     8.Knows differing ideas on women’s roles in the Protestant household
     9.Understands social oppression and conflict in Europe during the Renaissance, as contrasted with humanist principles of the time