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Topic: Religion and culture in India, 500 BCE- 300 CE 

World History

 Standard 9.  Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 7.Understands the origins of Buddhism and fundamental Buddhist beliefs (e.g., the life story of Buddha and his essential teachings; how the Buddhist teachings were a response to the Brahmanic system; the contributions of the emperor Ashoka to the expansion of Buddhism in India; how Indian epic stories reflect social values, and how the Jakata tales reveal Buddhist teachings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the origins of Buddhism
     2.Understands fundamental Buddhist beliefs
     3.Knows the life story of Buddha
     4.Knows Buddha’s essential teachings
     5.Understands how the Buddhist teachings were a response to the Brahmanic system
     6.Knows the contributions of the emperor Ashoka to the expansion of Buddhism in India
     7.Understands how Indian epic stories reflect social values
     8.Understands how the Jakata tales reveal Buddhist teachings
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the major religious beliefs and social framework in India during the Gangetic states and the Mauryan Empire (e.g., the major beliefs and practices of Brahmanism in India; how Buddhism spread in India, Ceylon, and Central Asia; aspects of social structure of India during the Mauryan Empire; what advice the animal stories of the Panchantantra offer to people with little power, how this advice was used by Chandragupta; how the teachings of Shvetaketu from the Chandogya Upanishad compare to the Buddhist idea of nirvana)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the major religious beliefs in India during the Gangetic states and the Mauryan Empire
     2.Understands the social framework in India during the Gangetic states and the Mauryan Empire
     3.Knows the major beliefs and practices of Brahmanism in India
     4.Understands how Buddhism spread in India, Ceylon, and Central Asia
     5.Knows aspects of social structure of India during the Mauryan Empire
     6.Knows what advice the animal stories of the Panchantantra offer to people with little power and how this advice was used by Chandragupta
     7.Understands how the teachings of Shvetaketu from the Chandogya Upanishad compare to the Buddhist idea of nirvana
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands how Buddhism and Brahmanism influenced one another and Indian society (e.g., how Brahmanism responded to challenges posed by Buddhism and other reform movements; how Buddha's reforms contributed to the spread of Buddhism within and beyond India, how the Upanishad reflected Brahmanic teachings and how these compared with Buddhist teachings)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Buddhism and Brahmanism influenced one another
     2.Understands how Buddhism and Brahmanism influenced Indian society
     3.Understands how Brahmanism responded to challenges posed by Buddhism and other reform movements
     4.Understands how Buddha’s reforms contributed to the spread of Buddhism within and beyond India
     5.Understands how the Upanishads reflected Brahmanic teachings
     6.Understands how Brahmanic teachings compared with Buddhist teachings
   Benchmark 5.Understands the growth of the Mauryan Empire in the context of rivalries among Indian states
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands rivalries that existed among Indian states
   Benchmark 9.Understands how art and literature reflect different aspects of Indian society (e.g., how literature such as the Ramayana can reflect the status and role of women in ancient cultures, how Indian art reflects a Persian or Greek influence)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how art reflects different aspects of Indian society
     2.Understands how literature reflects different aspects of Indian society
     3.Understands how literature such as the Ramayana can reflect the status and role of women in ancient cultures
     4.Understands how Indian art reflects a Persian or Greek influence