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Topic: Power and European states, 16th-18th centuries 

World History

 Standard 27.  Understands how European society experienced political, economic, and cultural transformations in an age of global intercommunication between 1450 and 1750
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the English civil war and the Revolution of 1688 (e.g., how these events affected government, religion, economy, and society in England; how the English Revolution influenced political institutions and attitudes in the English colonies and the outbreak of the American Revolution; new freedoms granted to the English people after 1688)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the English civil war
     2.Understands the Revolution of 1688
     3.Understands how the English Civil War affected government, religion, economy, and society in England
     4.Understands how the Reformation affected government, religion, economy, and society in England
     5.Understands how the English Revolution influenced political institutions and attitudes in the English colonies and the outbreak of the American Revolution
     6.Knows new freedoms granted to the English people after 1688
   Benchmark 5.Understands the role of gunpowder in changing European warfare (e.g., through the necessary redesign of fortifications)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of gunpowder in changing European warfare through the necessary redesign of fortifications
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 5.Understands the emergence of strong individual leaders, monarchies, and states in Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries (e.g., the character, development, and sources of wealth of strong bureaucratic monarchies; the significance of Peter the Great's westernizing reforms; the emergence of the Dutch Republic as a powerful European state; the reign of Elizabeth I and her efficacy as a leader and builder of a strong nation-state; the governmental policies of Catherine the Great; why St. Petersburg was called the "window on the West")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the emergence of strong individual leaders and monarchies in Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries
     2.Understands the emergence of strong individual states in Europe between the 16th and 18th centuries
     3.Understands the character of strong bureaucratic monarchies
     4.Understands the development of strong bureaucratic monarchies
     5.Knows the sources of wealth of strong bureaucratic monarchies
     6.Knows the significance of Peter the Great’s westernizing reforms
     7.Understands the emergence of the Dutch Republic as a powerful European state
     8.Understands the reign of Elizabeth I and her efficacy as a leader and builder of a strong nation state
     9.Knows the governmental policies of Catherine the Great
     10.Knows why St. Petersburg was called the "window on the West"
   Benchmark 9.Understands the role of gunpowder in the development of strong European leadership (e.g., how gunpowder came to Europe from China, and how it helped establish and maintain the power of state leaders in Europe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how gunpowder came to Europe from China
     2.Understands how gunpowder helped establish and maintain the power of state leaders in Europe
   Benchmark 10.Understands the long and short-term causes of the "Glorious" revolution of 1688 and how it earned this title
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the long term causes of the "Glorious" revolution of 1688
     3.Understands the short term causes of the "Glorious" revolution of 1688
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the accomplishments of significant European leaders between the 16th and 18th centuries (e.g., the success of Russian expansion in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Siberia, and the success of the tsars in transforming the Duchy of Moscow into a Eurasian empire; the life and achievements of Louis XIV, and elements of absolutist power during this period; how Peter the Great and Catherine the Great expanded Russian territory; major achievements in the reigns of Frederick the Great, Catherine the Great, and Joseph II, and which of these leaders displayed the features of an "Enlightened Despot")
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the success of Russian expansion in the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Siberia
     2.Understands the success of the tsars in transforming the Duchy of Moscow into a Eurasian empire
     3.Understands the life and achievements of Louis XIV
     4.Knows elements of absolutist power between the 16th and 18th centuries
     5.Understands how Peter the Great and Catherine the Great expanded Russian territory
     6.Knows major achievements in the reign of Frederick the Great
     7.Knows major achievements in the reign of Catherine the Great
     8.Knows major achievements in the reign of Joseph II
     9.Knows which leaders, among Frederick the Great, Catherine the Great, and Joseph II, displayed the features of an "Enlightened Despot"
   Benchmark 8.Understands sources of military buildup of the 17th and 18th centuries (e.g., how they compare with the advice of Machiavelli on the use of mercenaries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how sources of military buildup in the 17th and 18th centuries compare with the advice of Machiavelli on the use of mercenaries
   Benchmark 9.Understands the complaints, goals, and issues of the Cavaliers and Roundheads in the English Civil War
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the complaints of the Cavaliers in the English Civil War
     2.Understands the complaints of the Roundheads in the English Civil War
     3.Understands the goals of the Cavaliers in the English Civil War
     4.Understands the goals of the Roundheads in the English Civil War
     5.Understands the issues of the Cavaliers in the English Civil War
     6.Understands the issues of the Roundheads in the English Civil War
   Benchmark 10.Understands factors that influenced the economic and political development of the Dutch Republic, England, and France (e.g., characteristics of the Dutch Republic that affected commerce and religion, and enabled Amsterdam to gain commercial supremacy over the northern Italian city-states in the late 16th century; factors that led England to develop a Parliamentary government and led to absolutism in France under Louis XIV)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands factors that influenced the economic development of the Dutch Republic
     2.Understands factors that influenced the economic development of England
     3.Understands factors that influenced the economic development of France
     4.Understands factors that influenced the political development of the Dutch Republic
     5.Understands factors that influenced the political development of England
     6.Understands factors that influenced the political development of France
     7.Knows characteristics of the Dutch Republic that affected commerce and religion, and enabled Amsterdam to gain commercial supremacy over the northern Italian city states in the late 16th century
     8.Knows factors that led England to develop a Parliamentary government
     9.Knows factors that led to absolutism in France under Louis XIV