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Topic: Politics and society in Europe, 500-1000 CE 

World History

 Standard 15.  Understands the political, social, and cultural redefinitions in Europe from 500 to 1000 CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the significance of Norse migrations and invasions (e.g., how Norse explorations stimulated the emergence of independent lords and the knightly class; locations of Norse settlements, including routes to North America, Russia, Western Europe, and the Black Sea)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of Norse migrations
     2.Understands the significance of Norse invasions
     3.Understands how Norse explorations stimulated the emergence of independent lords and the knightly class
     4.Knows various locations of Norse settlements
     5.Knows Norse routes to North America
     6.Knows Norse routes to Russia
     7.Knows Norse routes to the Black Sea
     8.Knows Norse routes to Western Europe
   Benchmark 5.Knows the life story and major achievements of King Alfred of England, and understands how he earned the title "Alfred the Great"
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the life story of King Alfred of England
     2.Knows the major achievements of King Alfred of England
     3.Understands how King Alfred of England earned the title "Alfred the Great"
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the importance of monasteries and convents as centers of political power, economic productivity, and communal life
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the importance of monasteries and convents as centers of political power
     2.Understands the importance of monasteries and convents as centers of economic productivity
     3.Understands the importance of monasteries and convents as centers of communal life
   Benchmark 2.Understands the influence of the Carolingian Empire on the development of European civilization (e.g., how Charlemagne's royal court, monasteries, and convents preserved Greco-Roman and early Christian learning and contributed to the emergence of European civilization; changing political relations between the papacy and the secular rulers of Europe; extent and causes of the Carolingian influence in Europe and reasons for its decline; how the Rules of St. Benedict shaped Medieval Europe; how secular leaders such as Charlemagne influenced political order within Europe)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Charlemagne’s royal court, monasteries, and convents preserved Greco Roman and early Christian learning
     2.Understands how Charlemagne’s royal court, monasteries, and convents contributed to the emergence of European civilization
     3.Understands changing political relations between the papacy and the secular rulers of Europe
     4.Understands extent and causes of the Carolingian influence in Europe
     5.Understands reasons for the decline of the Carolingian state
     6.Understands how the Rules of St. Benedict shaped Medieval Europe
     7.Understands how secular leaders such as Charlemagne influenced political order within Europe
   Benchmark 3.Understands social class and gender roles in Medieval Europe (e.g., changes in the legal, social, and economic status of peasants in the 9th and 10th centuries; how the political fragmentation of Europe after Charlemagne affected their lives; the responsibilities of women with different social status)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands social class in Medieval Europe
     2.Understands gender roles in Medieval Europe
     3.Knows changes in the legal, social, and economic status of peasants in the 9th and 10th centuries
     4.Understands how the political fragmentation of Europe after Charlemagne affected the lives of peasants
     5.Knows the responsibilities of women with different social status in Medieval Europe
   Benchmark 5.Understands the role of Norse peoples in the development of Europe (e.g., Nordic contributions to long-distance trade and exploration, the failure of Norse settlements in Newfoundland and Greenland)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows Nordic contributions to long distance trade and exploration
     2.Understands the failure of Norse settlements in Newfoundland and Greenland
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 2.Understands shifts in political power during 9th and 10th century Europe (e.g., how royal officials such as counts and dukes transformed delegated powers into hereditary, autonomous power over land and people)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how royal officials such as counts and dukes transformed delegated powers into hereditary, autonomous power over land
   Benchmark 4.Understands central and peripheral reasons for the failure of the Carolingian Empire to endure after the death of Charlemagne (e.g., the independent power of nobles; the advantage of the Magyar cavalry and Viking longboat)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands central reasons for the failure of the Carolingian Empire to endure after the death of Charlemagne
     2.Understands peripheral reasons for the failure of the Carolingian Empire to endure after the death of Charlemagne
     3.Understands the role of the independent power of nobles in the failure of the Carolingian Empire to endure after the death of Charlemagne
     4.Understands the advantage of the Magyar cavalry and Viking longboat and their role in the failure of the Carolingian Empire to endure after the death of Charlemagne