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Topic: Ottoman Empire  

World History

 Standard 28.  Understands how large territorial empires dominated much of Eurasia between the 16th and 18th centuries
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 3.Understands political and cultural achievements of the Ottoman Empire (e.g., the significance of the capture of Constantinople for Christians and Ottomans; how the Ottoman military succeeded against various enemies; artistic, architectural, and literary achievements of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries; achievements of Sulieman the Magnificent; the extent of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires in the 14th and 15th centuries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political achievements of the Ottoman Empire
     2.Understands cultural achievements of the Ottoman Empire
     3.Understands the significance of the capture of Constantinople for Christians
     4.Understands the significance of the capture of Constantinople for Ottomans
     5.Understands how the Ottoman military succeeded against various enemies
     6.Knows artistic achievements of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries
     7.Knows architectural achievements of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries
     8.Knows literary achievements of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th centuries
     9.Knows the achievements of Sulieman the Magnificent
     10.Knows the extent of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires in the 14th and 15th centuries
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands cultural, political, and economic factors that influenced the development of the Ottoman Empire (e.g., the development of the Ottoman Empire among diverse religious and ethnic groups, the Christian European view of the Ottoman seizure of Constantinople in 1453, trade routes within the Ottoman Empire and how trade was affected by the development of a sea route around Africa)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands cultural factors that influenced the development of the Ottoman Empire
     2.Understands political factors that influenced the development of the Ottoman Empire
     3.Understands economic factors that influenced the development of the Ottoman Empire
     4.Understands the development of the Ottoman Empire among diverse religious and ethnic groups
     5.Knows the Christian European view of the Ottoman seizure of Constantinople in 1453
     6.Knows trade routes within the Ottoman Empire
     7.Knows how trade in the Ottoman Empire was affected by the development of a sea route around Africa
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the social, economic, and cultural features of the Ottoman Empire (e.g., how Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic, and Jewish peoples interacted in southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule, the role and legal status of women within the Ottoman Empire, sources of revenue and patterns in state spending in the Ottoman Empire)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the social features of the Ottoman Empire
     2.Understands the economic features of the Ottoman Empire
     3.Understands the cultural features of the Ottoman Empire
     4.Understands how Muslim, Orthodox, Catholic, and Jewish peoples interacted in southeastern Europe under Ottoman rule
     5.Understands the role and legal status of women within the Ottoman Empire
     6.Knows sources of revenue and patterns in state spending in the Ottoman Empire
   Benchmark 5.Understands major political events in the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire (e.g., the emergence of the Ottomans as a regional and world power between 1450 and 1650, the Ottoman Empire in the context of the Byzantine and Roman Empires, Austrian and Russian responses to Ottoman aggression, significant events in the expansion and recession of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the 17th centuries)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands major political events in the rise of the Ottoman Empire
     2.Understands major political events in the decline of the Ottoman Empire
     3.Understands the emergence of the Ottomans as a regional and world power between 1450 and 1650
     4.Understands the Ottoman Empire in the context of the Byzantine and Roman Empires
     5.Understands Austrian and Russian responses to Ottoman aggression
     6.Knows significant events in the expansion of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the 17th centuries
     7.Knows significant events in the recession of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the 17th centuries
   Benchmark 7.Knows similarities and differences between major empires and leaders (e.g., comparisons between the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires; differences and similarities in government, military, and religious patterns of the six major Mughal emperors)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows similarities between major empires
     2.Knows differences between major empires
     3.Knows similarities between leaders of major empires
     4.Knows differences between leaders of major empires
     5.Understands comparisons between the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires
     6.Knows similarities in government, military, and religious patterns of the six major Mughal emperors
     7.Knows differences in government, military, and religious patterns of the six major Mughal emperors
 Standard 34.  Understands how Eurasian societies were transformed in an era of global trade and the emergence of European power from 1750 to 1870
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands changes in social and political elements of the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries (e.g., reasons for the empire's retreat from the Balkans and Black Sea region; the lives of different members of Ottoman society such as the janissary, attendees of the Palace School, the role of women)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands changes in social elements of the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries
     2.Understands changes in political elements of the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries
     3.Knows reasons for the Ottoman Empire’s retreat from the Balkans and Black Sea region
     4.Understands the lives of different members of Ottoman society such as the janissary, attendees of the Palace School, the role of women
   Benchmark 2.Understands political characteristics of Egypt (e.g., the impact of the French invasion of Egypt in 1798, the reign and major accomplishments of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, why he was known as the "father of modern Egypt")
   Benchmark 3.Understands aspects of Russian expansion and settlement in the late 18th and 19th centuries (e.g., why Russia was successful in wars of expansion against the Ottoman empire; why and how Russia expanded across Asia into Alaska, and along the California coast; what archaeological evidence reveals about daily life in the Russian settlements at Sitka and Bogeda Bay)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands aspects of Russian expansion in the late 18th and 19th centuries
     2.Understands aspects of Russian settlement in the late 18th and 19th centuries
     3.Knows why Russia was successful in wars of expansion against the Ottoman empire
     4.Knows why and how Russia expanded across Asia into Alaska, and along the California coast
     5.Knows what archaeological evidence reveals about daily life in the Russian settlements at Sitka and Bogeda Bay
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the decline of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century (e.g., the defensive reform programs of Selim III and Mahmud II, and the challenges they faced in resolving the empire's political and economic crisis; sources of weakness of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th century; the military training and equipment of the Janissary Corps; how and when territory of the Ottoman Empire changed during the first half of the 19th century; causes of the Crimean War, the main events, nations involved, and forms of warfare employed)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the defensive reform programs of Selim III and Mahmud II and the challenges they faced in resolving the empire’s political and economic crisis
     2.Knows sources of weakness of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th century
     3.Understands the military training and equipment of the Janissary Corps
     4.Understands how and when territory of the Ottoman Empire changed during the first half of the 19th century
     5.Knows causes of the Crimean War
     6.Knows the main events of the Crimean War
     7.Knows the nations involved in the Crimean War
     8.Knows the forms of warfare employed in the Crimean War
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the social structure of the Ottoman Empire in the early and middle 19th century (e.g., the effects of population growth and European commercial penetration on Ottoman society and government; the roles of janissaries and Jewish and Christian merchants and landowners changed by the middle of the 19th century; the relative presence and the location of diverse religious and ethnic groups within the Ottoman Empire in 1800, and the prevailing Ottoman policy toward religion; the success and reception of the reforms of 1856 in the Hatt-I-Humayun issued by Abdul-Mejid)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the effects of population growth on Ottoman society and government
     2.Understands the effects of European commercial penetration on Ottoman society and government
     3.Understands how the roles of janissaries and Jewish and Christian merchants and landowners changed by the middle of the 19th century
     4.Knows the relative presence and the location of diverse religious and ethnic groups within the Ottoman Empire in 1800
     5.Knows the prevailing Ottoman policy toward religion
     6.Understands the success and reception of the reforms of 1856 in the Hatt I Humayun issued by Abdul Mejid
   Benchmark 7.Knows the individual motivations and relative military strength of the English, French, and Ottomans in the Crimean War, as well as the significance of the outcome of the war for each of these participants
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the individual motivations of the English in the Crimean War
     2.Knows the individual motivations of the French in the Crimean War
     3.Knows the individual motivations of the Ottomans in the Crimean War
     4.Understands the relative military strength of the English, French, and Ottomans in the Crimean War
     5.Understands the significance of the outcome of the Crimean War for the English
     6.Understands the significance of the outcome of the Crimean War for the French
     7.Understands the significance of the outcome of the Crimean War for the Ottomans