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Topic: Mongol empire 

World History

 Standard 21.  Understands the rise of the Mongol Empire and its consequences for Eurasian peoples from 1200 to 1350
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the significance of Chinggis Khan (e.g., the major achievements of Chinggis Khan, the geographical extent of Chinggis Khan's conquests, the role military technology may have played in the success of Mongol military campaigns)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major achievements of Chinggis Khan
     2.Knows the geographical extent of Chinggis Khan’s conquests
     3.Knows the role military technology may have played in the success of Mongol military campaigns
   Benchmark 2.Understands Mongol interaction with different cultures (e.g., how Mongol rule affected economy, society, and culture in China and Korea; how Southeast Asians and Japanese resisted incorporation into the Mongol empire; how citizens responded to Mongol rule)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how Mongol rule affected the economy, society, and culture of China
     2.Understands how Mongol rule affected the economy, society, and culture of Korea
     3.Knows how Southeast Asians resisted incorporation into the Mongol empire
     4.Knows how the Japanese resisted incorporation into the Mongol empire
     5.Understands how citizens responded to Mongol rule
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands political, social, and cultural features of the Mongol Empire (e.g., the chronology and consequences of the Mongol conquests of 1206 to 1279 on China, Southeast Asia, Russia, and Southwest Asia; the relative strengths and weaknesses of the nomadic Mongol lifestyle with regard to social, political, and economic organization, and why the Mongols prevailed; what legend and fact reveal about Mongol conquest and Mongol warriors)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands political features of the Mongol Empire
     2.Understands social cultural features of the Mongol Empire
     3.Understands cultural features of the Mongol Empire
     4.Understands the chronology of the Mongol conquests of 1206 to 1279 on China, Southeast Asia, Russia, and Southwest Asia
     5.Understands the consequences of the Mongol conquests of 1206 to 1279 on China, Southeast Asia, Russia, and Southwest Asia
     6.Understands the relative strengths and weaknesses of the nomadic Mongol lifestyle with regard to social, political, and economic organization
     7.Understands why the Mongols prevailed in their conquests
     8.Knows what legend and fact reveal about Mongol conquest and Mongol warriors
   Benchmark 2.Understands the influence of the "Golden Horde" in various regions (e.g., the impact of the "Golden Horde" rule on the peoples of Eastern Europe and Russia, the major accomplishments of Batu)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the impact of the "Golden Horde" rule on the peoples of Eastern Europe and Russia
     2.Knows the major accomplishments of Batu
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the political features of the Mongol Empire and its influence on other regions (e.g., the political character of Mongol rule in China, Central Asia, southwest Asia, and Russia; the significance of the "Pax Mongolica" and how long-distance communication and trade led to cultural and technological diffusion across Eurasia; how Mongol military organization and techniques led to victory in their conquests between 1206 and 1279)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the political features of the Mongol Empire
     2.Understands the influence of the Mongol empire on other regions
     3.Understands the political character of Mongol rule in China, Central Asia, southwest Asia, and Russia
     4.Knows the significance of the "Pax Mongolica"
     5.Knows how long distance communication and trade led to cultural and technological diffusion across Eurasia
     6.Understands how Mongol military organization and techniques led to victory in their conquests between 1206 and 1279
   Benchmark 2.Understands factors that contributed to the division and eventual decline of the Mongol Empire after the death of Chinggis Kahn (e.g., disputes over succession, the absence of a bureaucracy, conflicts between nomadic traditions and the ideas of conquered urban cultures)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands factors that contributed to the division of the Mongol Empire after the death of Chinggis Kahn
     2.Understands factors that contributed to the eventual decline of the Mongol Empire after the death of Chinggis Kahn
     3.Understands disputes over succession to Chinggis Kahn in the Mongol empire
     4.Understands the role of the absence of a bureaucracy in the eventual decline of the Mongol empire
     5.Understands conflicts between nomadic traditions and the ideas of conquered urban cultures and the role of these conflicts in the decline of the Mongol empire
   Benchmark 3.Understands the interaction between the Mongols and cultures of Mongol domination (e.g., the Islamization of the Golden Horde and the Khanate of Persian-Iraq; why the Mongols did not conquer the Mamluks in Northern Africa; comparisons between Mongol and Muslim society and culture; the extent of Mongol control of Southwest Asia; relations between Chinese artists and the Mongol court during the Yuan Dynasty; the advantages of living under Mongol rule for the Chinese, Russians, and Southwest Asians)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Islamization of the Golden Horde and the Khanate of Persian Iraq
     2.Knows why the Mongols did not conquer the Mamluks in Northern Africa
     3.Understands comparisons between Mongol and Muslim society and culture
     4.Knows the extent of Mongol control of Southwest Asia
     5.Understands relations between Chinese artists and the Mongol court during the Yuan Dynasty
     6.Knows the advantages of living under Mongol rule for the Chinese
     7.Knows the advantages of living under Mongol rule for the Russians
     8.Knows the advantages of living under Mongol rule for the Southwest Asians
   Benchmark 4.Knows the trade routes that emerged under Mongol domination, and the goods traded along these routes
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the trade routes that emerged under Mongol domination
     2.Knows the goods traded along trade routes under Mongol domination
   Benchmark 5.Understands the usefulness of foreign sources in recording the history in areas of Mongol domination (e.g., the travels of Marco Polo, John of Plano Carpini, and Ibn Battuta)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the usefulness of the travels of Marco Polo in recording the history in the areas of Mongol domination
     2.Understands the usefulness of the travels of John of Plano Carpini in recording the history in the areas of Mongol domination
     3.Understands the usefulness of the travels of Ibn Battuta in recording the history in the areas of Mongol domination
   Benchmark 6.Knows the consequences of the death of the Great Khan Ogodei for the Mongol enterprise in Eastern Europe and that of the Great Khan Mongke for the Mongol plans to invade Egypt
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the consequences of the death of the Great Khan Ogodei for the Mongol enterprise in Eastern Europe
     2.Knows the consequences of the death of the Great Khan Mongke for the Mongol plans to invade Egypt