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Topic: Ming dynasty 

World History

 Standard 23.  Understands patterns of crisis and recovery in Afro-Eurasia between 1300 and 1450
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the Zheng He maritime expeditions of the early 15th century, and why the Ming state initiated, then terminated, these voyages
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Zheng He maritime expeditions of the early 15th century
     2.Understands why the Ming state initiated, then terminated, the Zheng He maritime expeditions
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands shifts in the leadership and political climate in China (e.g., the events that led to the collapse of Mongol rule in China; the reconstitution of the Mongol Empire under the Chinese Ming Dynasty; economic and political reforms and other achievements of the Hongwu emperor in China, and how these reforms restored for the Ming Dynasty continuity with pre-Yuan Empires)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands shifts in the leadership in China
     2.Understands shifts in the political climate in China
     3.Knows the events that led to the collapse of Mongol rule in China
     4.Understands the reconstitution of the Mongol Empire under the Chinese Ming Dynasty
     5.Knows economic and political reforms and other achievements of the Hongwu emperor in China
     6.Knows how the reforms of the Hongwu emperor restored for the Ming Dynasty continuity with pre Yuan Empires
 Standard 28.  Understands how large territorial empires dominated much of Eurasia between the 16th and 18th centuries
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the power and limit of imperial absolutism under the Ming Dynasty (e.g., variations in control over society and the bureaucracy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the power of imperial absolutism under the Ming Dynasty
     2.Understands the limit of imperial absolutism under the Ming Dynasty
     3.Understands variations in control over society and the bureaucracy under the Ming Dynasty
   Benchmark 2.Understands how China viewed its role in the world during the Ming Dynasty (e.g., why China's attitude toward external political and commercial relations changed after the Zheng He voyages from 1405 to 1433, the Chinese belief that other countries had a tributary relationship to the celestial empire)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why China’s attitude toward external political and commercial relations changed after the Zheng He voyages from 1405 to 1433
     2.Understands the Chinese belief that other countries had a tributary relationship to the celestial empire
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands interactions between China and other countries during the Ming Dynasty (e.g., the Chinese view of itself as the "Middle Kingdom;" political, commercial, and cultural relations with Korea, Vietnam, and other societies of East and Southeast Asia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Chinese view of itself as the "Middle Kingdom’
     2.Understands Chinese political relations with Korea
     3.Understands Chinese political relations with Vietnam
     4.Understands Chinese political relations with various societies of East and Southeast Asia
     5.Understands Chinese commercial relations with Korea
     6.Understands Chinese commercial relations with Vietnam
     7.Understands Chinese commercial relations with various societies of East and Southeast Asia
     8.Understands Chinese cultural relations with Korea
     9.Understands Chinese cultural relations with Vietnam
     10.Understands Chinese cultural relations with various societies of East and Southeast Asia
   Benchmark 2.Understands features of class structure and sources of social change in China (e.g., the effects of American crops and silver on demographic, economic, and social change in China; the stratification of Chinese society under Ming rule)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands features of class structure in China
     2.Understands sources of social change in China
     3.Understands the effects of American crops and silver on demographic change in China
     4.Understands the effects of American crops and silver on economic social change in China
     5.Understands the effects of American crops and silver on social change in China
     6.Understands the stratification of Chinese society under Ming rule
   Benchmark 5.Understands changes in the political structure of the Ming Dynasty (e.g., how the power of the Ming emperor changed over time, the source of political threat to the Ming Empire and the role of defense in their military strategy)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows how the power of the Ming emperor changed over time
     2.Knows the source of political threat to the Ming Empire
     3.Knows the role of defense in the Ming Empire’s military strategy
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands influences on the Chinese economy and social structure (e.g., the effects of commercialization on social relations among gentry elites, urban merchants, and peasants; how the Chinese central government controlled various aspects of peoples' lives)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands influences on the Chinese economy
     2.Understands influences on the Chinese social structure under the Ming Dynasty
     3.Understands the effects of commercialization on social relations among gentry elites, urban merchants, and peasants
     4.Understands how the Chinese central government controlled various aspects of peoples’ lives
   Benchmark 2.Understands significant cultural and social features of the Ming Dynasty (e.g., the role of Neo-Confucianism, Buddhism, and Daoism in Ming government and society; how the Ming Dynasty brought cultural unity to China; the imperial examination system in China established under Ming rule)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands significant cultural features of the Ming Dynasty
     2.Understands significant social features of the Ming Dynasty
     3.Understands the role of Neo Confucianism in Ming government and society
     4.Understands the role of Buddhism in Ming government and society
     5.Understands the role of Daoism in Ming government and society
     6.Understands how the Ming Dynasty brought cultural unity to China
     7.Understands features of the imperial examination system in China established under Ming rule