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Topic: Military strategies 

World History

 Standard 39.  Understands the causes and global consequences of World War I
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 6.Understands the Schlieffen Plan and whether it contributed to a military stalemate
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the Schlieffen Plan
     2.Understands whether the Schlieffen Plan contributed to a military stalemate
   Benchmark 7.Understands the strategies of the Allied and Central Powers at the beginning of the war, when these strategies changed, and how
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the strategies of the Allied Powers at the beginning of the war
     2.Understands the strategies of the Central Powers at the beginning of the war
     3.Understands how the strategies of the Allied Powers changed
     4.Understands how the strategies of the Central Powers changed
     5.Understands when the strategies of the Allied Powers changed

United States History

 Standard 6.  Understands the causes of the American Revolution, the ideas and interests involved in shaping the revolutionary movement, and reasons for the American victory
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 3.Understands the strategic elements of the Revolutionary War (e.g., how the Americans won the war against superior British resources, American and British military leaders, major military campaigns)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the Americans won the war against superior British resources
     4.Knows about the major military campaigns of the Revolutionary War
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 4.Understands the major political and strategic factors that led to the American victory in the Revolutionary War (e.g., the importance of the Battle of Saratoga, the use of guerilla and conventional warfare, the importance of King’s Mountain in defining the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     2.Understands the major strategic factors that led to the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     3.Understands the importance of the Battle of Saratoga for the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     4.Understands the importance of the use of guerilla and conventional warfare for the American victory in the Revolutionary War
     5.Understands the importance of King’s Mountain in defining the Revolutionary War
 Standard 14.  Understands the course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the technological, social, and strategic aspects of the Civil War (e.g., the impact of innovations in military technology; turning points of the war; leaders of the Confederacy and Union; conditions, characteristics, and armies of the Confederacy and Union; major areas of Civil War combat)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the technological aspects of the Civil War
     3.Understands the strategic aspects of the Civil War
     4.Understands the impact of innovations in military technology during the Civil War
     5.Knows about turning points of the Civil War
     6.Knows about the leaders of the Confederacy
     7.Knows about the leaders of the Union
     8.Understands the condition of the Confederacy
     9.Understands the condition of the Union
     10.Understands the characteristics of the Confederacy
     11.Understands the characteristics of the Union
     12.Understands the major areas of Civil War combat
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands military events that influenced the outcome of the Civil War (e.g., the "hammering campaigns" of Generals Grant and Sherman, the wartime leadership of Jefferson Davis and Abraham Lincoln)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the "hammering campaigns" of General Grant
     2.Understands the "hammering campaigns" of General Sherman
     3.Understands the wartime leadership of Jefferson Davis
     4.Understands the wartime leadership of Abraham Lincoln
 Standard 25.  Understands the causes and course of World War II, the character of the war at home and abroad, and its reshaping of the U.S. role in world affairs
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 2.Understands significant military aspects of World War II (e.g., major turning points of the war; Axis and Allied military campaigns in the European and Pacific theaters; the financial, material, and human costs of the war and their economic consequences for the Allies and the Axis powers; the locations of the major theaters of war in North Africa, Europe, and the Pacific; the diverse contributions of men and women during the war)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the major turning points of World War II
     2.Understands the Axis military campaigns in the European theater
     3.Understands the Axis military campaigns in the Pacific theater
     4.Understands the Allies military campaigns in the European theater
     5.Understands the Allies military campaigns in the Pacific theater
     11.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in North Africa
     12.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in Europe
     13.Knows the locations of the major theaters of war in the Pacific
     14.Understands the diverse contributions of men during the war
     15.Understands the diverse contributions of women during the war
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 4.Understands military strategies used during World War II (e.g., the non-aggression pact between Germany and the USSR in 1939; the "Battle for Britain"; Japanese strategy in East Asia and the Pacific; Roosevelt's strategy for an aggressive war against the Axis powers and a defensive war in Asia; the North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy invasions)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the non-aggression pact between Germany and the USSR in 1939
     2.Knows about the "Battle for Britain"
     3.Understands the Japanese strategy in East Asia
     4.Understands the Japanese strategy in the Pacific
     5.Understands Roosevelt’s strategy for an aggressive war against the Axis powers
     6.Understands Roosevelt’s strategy for a defensive war in Asia
     7.Knows about the North Africa invasion
     8.Knows about the Sicily invasion
     9.Knows about the Normandy invasion
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 5.Understands characteristics of the end of World War II (e.g., why there was a delay in creating a second front in Europe, the Soviet Union's role in helping to defeat the Axis Powers and the reasons for the success of D-Day)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands why there was a delay in creating a second front in Europe
     2.Understands the Soviet Union’s role in helping to defeat the Axis Powers
     3.Understands the reasons for the success of D-Day