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Topic: Mediterranean basin, 1000-600 BCE 

World History

 Standard 7.  Understands technological and cultural innovation and change from 1000 to 600 BCE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands patterns of Phoenician political organization, culture, and trade in the Mediterranean basin (e.g., dominant trade routes, traded goods of major Phoenician port cities such as Carthage)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands patterns of Phoenician political organization
     2.Understands patterns of Phoenician culture
     3.Understands patterns of Phoenician trade in the Mediterranean basin
     4.Knows dominant Phoenician trade routes in the Mediterranean basin
     5.Knows traded goods of major Phoenician port cities such as Carthage
   Benchmark 2.Understands the development of Greek city-states (e.g., common features of Greek city-states in the Aegean region; the political, social, and legal character of the polis; how geography influenced the location and development of Greek city-states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows common features of Greek city states in the Aegean region
     2.Understands the political character of the polis
     3.Understands the social character of the polis
     4.Understands the legal character of the polis
     5.Understands how geography influenced the location and development of Greek city states
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the role of technology in societies of Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean region (e.g., the fundamentals of iron-making technology and consequences of iron tools and weapons to those societies)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the role of technology in societies of Southwest Asia
     2.Knows the fundamentals of iron making technology
     3.Understands the consequences of iron tools and weapons to societies of Southwest Asia
     4.Understands the consequences of iron tools and weapons to societies of the Mediterranean basin
   Benchmark 3.Knows the locations of significant Greek city-states and colonies in the Black Sea, Northern Africa, and the Western Mediterranean basin and reasons for their establishment
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the locations of significant Greek city states and colonies in the Black Sea
     2.Knows the locations of significant Greek city states and colonies in Northern Africa
     3.Knows the locations of significant Greek city states and colonies in the Western Mediterranean basin
     4.Understands the reasons for the establishment of significant Greek city states and colonies
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands how the implementation of laws and the spread of language influenced societies of the Mediterranean Basin and Southwest Asia (e.g., the social and cultural effects of the spread of alphabetic writing in Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean Basin, social sources of and differences in laws created by early lawmakers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands how the implementation of laws influenced societies of the Mediterranean Basin
     2.Understands how the implementation of laws influenced societies of Southwest Asia
     3.Understands how the spread of language influenced societies of the Mediterranean Basin
     4.Understands how the spread of language influenced societies of Southwest Asia
     5.Understands the social and cultural effects of the spread of alphabetic writing in Southwest Asia
     6.Understands the social and cultural effects of the spread of alphabetic writing in the Mediterranean Basin
     7.Understands social sources of and differences in laws created by early lawmakers
   Benchmark 2.Understands events that led to the spread of Judaism (e.g., the significance of the Babylonian captivity for the subsequent history and survival of Judaism, the significance of the Jewish diaspora for the transmission of Judaism in the Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the significance of the Babylonian captivity for the subsequent history and survival of Judaism
     2.Knows the significance of the Jewish diaspora for the transmission of Judaism in the Mediterranean region
     3.Knows the significance of the Jewish diaspora for the transmission of Judaism in Southwest Asia