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Topic: Mayan civilization 

World History

 Standard 17.  Understands the rise of centers of civilization in Mesoamerica and Andean South America in the 1st millennium CE
  Level II (Grade 5-6)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the significant features of Mayan civilization (e.g., locations of Mayan city-states, road systems, and sea routes in Mesoamerica and the influence of the environment on these developments; the role and status of elite women and men in Mayan society as indicated by their portrayal in Mayan monumental architecture; the importance of religion in Mayan society; the structure and purpose of Mayan pyramids; ceremonial games among the Mayans)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows the locations of Mayan city states
     2.Knows the road systems and sea routes in Mesoamerica
     3.Understands the influence of the environment on city-states, road systems, and sea routes in MesoAmerica
     4.Understands the role and status of elite women and men in Mayan society as indicated by their portrayal in Mayan monumental architecture
     5.Understands the importance of religion in Mayan society
     6.Understands the structure and purpose of Mayan pyramids
     7.Knows ceremonial games among the Mayans
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   Benchmark 1.Understands the economic and agricultural elements of Mayan society (e.g., the extent, importance, and composition of Mayan trade; the adaptability and importance of Mayan agricultural techniques and their connection to the rise of Mayan city-states)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands the economic elements of Mayan society
     2.Understands the agricultural elements of Mayan society
     3.Understands the extent, importance, and composition of Mayan trade
     4.Understands the adaptability and importance of Mayan agricultural techniques
     5.Understands the connection of Maya agricultural techniques to the rise of Mayan city states
   Benchmark 2.Understands social features of Mayan culture (e.g., differing views concerning the causes for the decline of Mayan civilization, ways that Mayan myths reflect social values and daily survival skills)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Knows differing views concerning the causes for the decline of Mayan civilization
     2.Knows ways that Mayan myths reflect social values and daily survival skills
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   Benchmark 1.Understands ways in which the Mayan world view and cultural life were portrayed (e.g., the Mayan cosmic world view and the role of Mayan deities as revealed in art and architecture, the descriptions of social and religious life inferred in Mayan [Bonampak] glyphs and murals, what the Popul Vuh tells about the Mayan world view and creation myth and its reliability as an account of the Mayan world view)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands ways in which the Mayan world view was portrayed
     2.Understands ways in which the Mayan cultural life was portrayed
     3.Understands the Mayan cosmic world view as revealed in art and architecture
     4.Understands the role of Mayan deities as revealed in art and architecture
     5.Understands the descriptions of social and religious life inferred in Mayan (Bonampak) glyphs and murals
     6.Understands what the Popul Vuh tells about the Mayan world view and creation myth
     7.Understands the Popul Vuh’s reliability as an account of the Mayan world view
   Benchmark 2.Understands Mayan achievements in astronomy, mathematics, and the development of a calendar (e.g., the place of archaeological evidence such as the "Long Count" calendar in the interpretation of Mayan history, how achievements in astronomy affected Mayan society, the value of mathematical innovations and the calendar to farmers)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands Mayan achievements in astronomy
     2.Understands Mayan achievements in mathematics
     3.Understands Mayan achievements in developing a calendar
     4.Understands the place of archaeological evidence such as the "Long Count" calendar in the interpretation of Mayan history
     5.Understands how achievements in astronomy affected Mayan society
     6.Understands the value of mathematical innovations to farmers
     7.Understands the value of the calendar to farmers
   Benchmark 4.Understands urban planning in Mayan culture (e.g., patterns and significance of architectural planning and city planning in Mayan culture and the religious factors that affected these layouts)
    Knowledge/skill statements
     1.Understands patterns and significance of architectural planning and city planning in Mayan culture
     2.Understands the religious factors that affected the layouts of Mayan cities